This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (September 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 4,937 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Réparabilité]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Réparabilité)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
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The creation of products that can be repaired, and reduce prices for sustainable products is widely supported by European, American and Chinese respondents in the 2020-21 European Investment Bank Climate Survey.
The creation of products that can be repaired, and reduce prices for sustainable products is widely supported by European, American and Chinese respondents in the 2020-21 European Investment Bank Climate Survey.

Repairability is a measure of the degree to and ease with which a product can be repaired and maintained, usually by end consumers. Repairable products are put in contrast to obsolescence or products designed with planned obsolescence.

Repairability index

Some private organizations and companies, mostly affiliated with the right to repair movement, assign repairability scores to products as a way of communicating to consumers how easily repairable the product is.

France

Since 2021, all electronic devices sold in France have been required to report a repairability index (French: Indice de réparabilité) which rates how repairable a product is on a scale from 0 to 10, primarily to prevent corporate greenwashing and encourage environmental transparency.[1] Products are evaluated on 5 key areas: documentation, disassembly, spare parts availability, spare part pricing, and product specifics.[2]

Limitations

The repairability index scoring process isn't bulletproof, though—manufacturers currently self-report their indices to regulatory bodies with little to no government oversight ensuring the index was properly calculated.[3] For example, smartphone and laptop manufacturers can obtain an extra point on the index just by providing consumers with information regarding security or software updates, something clearly unrelated to the repairability of their products.[4]

Effects

Since France's recently enacted legislation requiring repairability indices, some positive effects have materialized. For instance, Samsung now offers consumers a free online repair manual for the for its Galaxy S21+ in an attempt to boost its repairability index.[5] The enforcement of French repairability index laws pushed Samsung to release this manual, something consumers had been requesting for a long time; in contrast, there is no English repair manual for American consumers, as U.S. legislation doesn't incentivize Samsung to release such a manual.[5] This french legislation has applied pressure to tech corporations to increase the repairability of their products and transition to a far more circular economy.[1]

Notable Score

Apple's iPhone 12 models scored a 6.0 and its iPhone 11 models scored a 4.5 out of 10 on the repairability index scale; the 2021 MacBook Air scored a 6.5 and the 2021 MacBook Pro scored a 5.6 on the scale.[5] Google's Pixel 4a scored a 6.3.[5] So far, the average repairability score has hovered around 5.4 out of 10.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The French repair index: challenges and opportunities". repair.eu. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Repairability Index for France". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  3. ^ Stone, Maddie. "Why France's New Tech 'Repairability Index' Is a Big Deal". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  4. ^ a b "Why France's new 'repairability index' is a big deal". Grist. 2021-02-08. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  5. ^ a b c d "Apple Is Using France's New Repairability Scoring—Here's How It Works | iFixit News". iFixit. 2022-04-22. Retrieved 2022-04-22.