Reverend Lovejoy
The Simpsons character
First appearance
Created byMatt Groening
Designed byMatt Groening
Voiced byHarry Shearer
In-universe information
Full nameTimothy Lovejoy Jr.
OccupationMinister of the First Church of Springfield
SpouseHelen Lovejoy (wife)
ChildrenJessica Lovejoy (daughter)
ReligionMainline Protestant Christianity

Reverend Timothy "Tim" Lovejoy, Jr.[1] is a recurring character in the animated television series The Simpsons. He is voiced by Harry Shearer, and first appeared in the episode "The Telltale Head".

Rev. Lovejoy is the minister at The First Church of Springfield—the Protestant, mostly Mainline Protestant church in Springfield. Initially kind-hearted and ambitious, Lovejoy has become somewhat bitter and apathetic towards other people and religion because of Ned Flanders's chronic, over-the-top scrupulosity.

Role in The Simpsons


Lovejoy is the pastor of the Western Branch of American Reform Presbylutheranism First Church of Springfield, which most of the show's characters regularly attend.[2] He attended Texas Christian University.[3] He initially came to Springfield in the 1970s as an eager, enthusiastic, young man,[4][5] only to become cynical and disillusioned about his ministry, mostly due to Ned Flanders, who constantly pesters him with minor issues such as "coveting his own wife" or thinking that he "swallowed a toothpick".[4]

Lovejoy would deal with Flanders' concerns very briefly, so that he could return to playing with his model trains. At one point, Lovejoy "just stopped caring",[4] but rediscovered the joy of helping others, though Ned still irritates him.[4] Lovejoy even suggests Ned join another religion, as he believes that "they are all pretty much the same". In the season two episode "Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment", Lovejoy helps Lisa with her family's illegal cable hookup.

His sermons vary between dreary recitations of more opaque parts of the Old Testament,[6] to the occasional "fire and brimstone" about Hell.[7]

Acceptance for other religions

Lovejoy demonstrates his acceptance for Hinduism when he performs a Hindu marriage ceremony for Kwik-E-Mart shopkeeper Apu[8] (though Lovejoy does not know much about the faith, referring to it in an earlier episode as "Miscellaneous"), co-hosts a religious radio program with Krusty the Klown's rabbi father,[9] and admits evolution may be true. However, he does not tolerate Buddhism, as when Lisa Simpson converted to it, he referred to her as "Marge Simpson's devil-daughter".[10] He also appears bitter about the tall Episcopal church across the street, wanting to build a larger steeple, and when mentioning the other church, placing the emphasis on "pis".[11] He maintains two rolodexes – one for Christians, and one for non-Christians.[12] While he seems to have originally accepted evolution, he later advocates for creationism at his church to beef up its membership.[13]

He does not accept Roman Catholicism either, as he is shown brawling with a priest.[14] He tells Marge that he might as well do a Voodoo dance for Abe Simpson when asked to give him the last rites.[15] He also helps kidnap Bart to keep him from converting to Catholicism.[2] Lovejoy also claims in "There's Something About Marrying"[16] to various same-sex couples who arrive at his church to get married that "while I have no opinion for or against your sinful lifestyle, I cannot marry two people of the same sex anymore than I could put a hamburger on a hot dog bun" and tells them to "go back to behind the scenes of every facade of entertainment." When Marge objects, Lovejoy tells her the Bible forbids same-sex relationships, but when Marge asks which book in Bible forbids it, he merely claims "The Bible" and then continuously rings the church bell after Marge continues to press him on the matter.

Negative qualities

Lovejoy has been shown to do things that would be considered sinful. Lovejoy has been known to exploit his congregation for money, brawl with a Roman Catholic priest,[14] encourage his pet Old English Sheepdog to foul Ned Flanders's lawn,[17] and implied that he once burned down his church for insurance money.[18] In "Whacking Day", he made up a passage in the Bible to attempt to convince Lisa that "even God himself endorses Whacking Day". In "The Joy of Sect", the episode in which the whole town of Springfield is deceived into joining a cult, Lovejoy kidnaps Homer with Groundskeeper Willie from the cult and hits him across the head numerous times hoping to knock him out. Also, when Lovejoy sees the spaceship emerge from the "forbidden barn" he throws his religious collar on the ground. After it is revealed that the spaceship is fake, Ned Flanders notices his collar on the ground and informs Lovejoy, who picks it up and puts it back on.

Lovejoy is not always enthusiastic about the Bible, calling it a "2000-page sleeping pill".[10] It is unsure if he even owns a Bible, as it was once said he borrows one from the library every week. Sometimes he holds strange positions on the Bible and makes theological errors. In "Secrets of a Successful Marriage," an episode that dealt with marriage counseling, Lovejoy and his gossipy wife, Helen, both recommend that Marge should divorce Homer. Marge objects to this, pointing out how the Bible has strict guidelines against things like divorce, but Lovejoy claims, "Marge, everything is a sin. (holds up the Bible) Have you ever sat down and read this thing? Technically we're not allowed to go to the bathroom."


Lovejoy's wife Helen was originally portrayed as a moralistic, judgmental gossip, but in voice actress Maggie Roswell's long absence, her character was seen but not heard. The Lovejoys' manipulative daughter Jessica was the focus of the episode "Bart's Girlfriend" where she was voiced by guest star Meryl Streep, but is otherwise rarely seen.[19] Lovejoy's father is briefly shown in the episode "Bart After Dark" as an older version of Lovejoy (including clerical collar) who visits the Maison Derrière.

Creation and reception

Matt Groening has indicated that Lovejoy is named after Lovejoy Street (which in turn is named for Portland co-founder Asa Lovejoy)[20] in Portland, Oregon, the city where Groening grew up.[21][22][23] When the character was created, producer Sam Simon did not want Lovejoy to be a "cartoony hypocritical preacher" but rather "a realistic person who just happened to work as a minister," as recalled by writer Al Jean.[24] By season eight, the show had begun to explore secondary characters with Lovejoy being the central character in the episode "In Marge We Trust" because, aside from being noted as "the pastor who didn't care", he had not had much character development.[25] Author Mark I. Pinsky writes of Lovejoy as "a foil in the series, personifying many of the failings of organized religion and Christian conservatism," and yet still a real human with faults and not simply evil.[24] Harry Shearer has stated that his voice for the character is based on Ernest Angley.


  1. ^ Groening 2010, p. 1165.
  2. ^ a b Warburton, Matt; Polcino, Michael (May 15, 2005). "The Father, The Son & The Holy Guest Star". The Simpsons. Season 16. Episode 21. Fox.
  3. ^ "Wedding for Disaster"
  4. ^ a b c d "In Marge We Trust"
  5. ^ In "Faith Off" he uses an electric guitar in the church to compete against Bart's faith healing musical show.
  6. ^ Long, Tim; Doyle, Larry; Selman, Matt; Kruse, Nancy (April 4, 1999). "Simpsons Bible Stories". The Simpsons. Season 10. Episode 18. Fox.
  7. ^ Daniels, Greg; Archer, Wesley (October 8, 1998). "Bart Sells His Soul". The Simpsons. Season 7. Episode 4. Fox.
  8. ^ Appel, Richard; Moore, Steven Dean (November 16, 1997). "The Two Mrs. Nahasapeemapetilons". The Simpsons. Season 9. Episode 7. Fox.
  9. ^ Kogen, Jay;Wolodarsky, Wallace; Lynch, Jeffrey; Bird, Brad (October 24, 1991). "Like Father, Like Clown". The Simpsons. Season 3. Episode 6. Fox.
  10. ^ a b Frielberger, Bill; Moore, Steven Dean (December 16, 2001). "She of Little Faith". The Simpsons. Season 13. Episode 6. Fox.
  11. ^ Gould, Dana; Mercantel, Michael (March 19, 2006). "Bart Has Two Mommies". The Simpsons. Season 17. Episode 14. Fox.
  12. ^ Episode #8F05 Like Father Like Clown, Airdate October 24, 1991
  13. ^ Burns, J. Stewart; Persi, Raymond S. (May 14, 2006). "The Monkey Suit". The Simpsons. Season 17. Episode 21. Fox.
  14. ^ a b Swartzwelder, John; Polcino, Michael (May 19, 2002). "The Frying Game". The Simpsons. Season 13. Episode 21. Fox.
  15. ^ Swartzwelder, John; Anderson, Mike B. (December 6, 1998). "Homer Simpson in: "Kidney Trouble"". The Simpsons. Season 10. Episode 8. Fox.
  16. ^ Burns, Stewart J.; Kruse, Nancy (February 20, 2005). "There's Something About Marrying". The Simpsons. Season 16. Episode 10. Fox.
  17. ^ Daniels, Greg; Reardon, Jim (April 14, 1996). "22 Short Films About Springfield". The Simpsons. Season 7. Episode 21. Fox.
  18. ^ O'Donnell, Steve; Moore, Steven Dean (February 8, 1998). "The Joy of Sect". The Simpsons. Season 9. Episode 13. Fox.
  19. ^ Collier, Jonathan; Dietter, Susie (November 6, 1994). "Bart's Girlfriend". The Simpsons. Season 6. Episode 7. Fox.
  20. ^ Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  21. ^ Turnquist, Kristi. Cover Story: D'oh! The Oregonian, July 27, 2007.
  22. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames. 'The Simpsons' Cleaverly captures an even bigger slice of Portland life. The Oregonian, November 4, 2000.
  23. ^ Levy, Shawn. Matt Groening: On what's so funny about Portland. The Oregonian, September 3, 1999.
  24. ^ a b Pinsky, Mark I. (2001). The Gospel According to The Simpsons: The Spiritual Life of America's Most Animated Family. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. p. 69–70. ISBN 9780664224196.
  25. ^ Weinstein, Josh (2006). The Simpsons: The Complete Eighth Season DVD Video Collector's Edition commentary for the episode "In Marge We Trust" (DVD). Twentieth Century Fox.