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Malaysian road signs at Federal Highway in Petaling Jaya. On the left side is the toll expressway and the highway's green signs and on the right side is the non-tolled federal, state and municipal highway's blue signs.
Malaysian road signs at Federal Highway in Petaling Jaya. On the left side is the toll expressway and the highway's green signs and on the right side is the non-tolled federal, state and municipal highway's blue signs.

Road signs in Malaysia are standardised road signs similar to those used in Europe but with certain distinctions. Until the early 1980s, Malaysia closely followed Australian, Irish and Japanese practice in road sign design, with diamond-shaped warning signs and circular restrictive signs to regulate traffic. Signs usually use the FHWA Series fonts (Highway Gothic) typeface also used in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as New Zealand, although some signs on recently completed expressways use Transport Heavy (cf. the second image shown to the right). However, the new format signs use a font specially designed for the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM). The font is called LLM Lettering. It has two type of typefaces, LLM Narrow and LLM Normal.

Malaysian traffic signs use Bahasa Malaysia (Malay), the official and national language in Malaysia. However, English is also used for important public places such as tourist attractions, airports, railway stations and immigration checkpoints. Both Malay and English are used in the road signs that are located along the Pengerang Highway (Federal Route Jkr-ft92.png), which links Kota Tinggi to Sungai Rengit in Johor state and Genting Sempah-Genting Highlands Highway which links Genting Sempah to Genting Highlands, which also have Chinese and Tamil on signs.

There are four major types of road signs in Malaysia. First is Warning Signs (Tanda Amaran), second is Prohibition Signs (Tanda Larangan), third is Mandatory Signs (Tanda Wajib) and fourth is Information Signs (Tanda Maklumat).[1]

According to the road category under 333 Act, the Malaysian Road Transport Act 1987, chapter 67, blue traffic signs are used for federal, state and municipal roads. Green signs are used for toll expressways or highways only. State roads use letters. For example, Negeri Sembilan State Route N70.

Expressways use letters E, and cycle roads use letters CR. Federal Roads only use numbers and digits, for example Federal Route 1. However, federal road numbers can also be added with the FT—prefix before the route number, which is normally used by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) and the Royal Malaysia Police. For example, Federal Route 1 can also be written as Federal Route FT1[2]

Route numbers

Expressway

Examples Information Number digits
E2
E35
Expressway route numbers E01 – E99
EXIT 253
EXIT 1108
Expressway exit numbers EXIT 201 – EXIT 299
EXIT 1101 – 1199

Federal

Examples Information Number digits

Jkr-ft24.png
Jkr-ft222.png
Main federal route numbers 001–249
Jkr-ft276.png
Jkr-ft423.png
Institutional facilities federal roads 250–479
EXIT 1
EXIT 226
Federal road exit numbers EXIT 1 – EXIT 99
EXIT 201 – 299

Jkr-ft1-15.png
Jkr-ft3.svg
Main federal route numbers
(Sarawak)
1-1 – 1–59
4-1 – 4–99
1000 – 9999
Jkr-ftA1.png
Jkr-ftA3.png
Jkr-ftA22.png
Main federal route numbers
(Sabah)
A01 – A99
Jkr-ft700.png
Jkr-ft701.png
Jkr-ft702.png
Main federal route numbers
(Labuan)
700–799
Jkr-ft1123.png
Jkr-ft2486.png
FELDA/FELCRA federal route numbers 1000 – 1999
2000 – 2999
Jkr-ft3214.png
Jkr-ft3374.png
Industrial federal route numbers 3000–3999

State

Examples Information Number digits
J32
Johor state route numbers J001 – J999
B1
Selangor state route numbers B001 – B999
N9
Negeri Sembilan state route numbers N001 – N999
SA3
Sabah state route numbers SA001 – SA999

Road signs

Regulatory signs

Prohibition signs

Malaysian prohibition signs are round with white backgrounds, red borders, and black pictograms. The exceptions are the stop sign and the give way sign.

Mandatory signs

Mandatory instruction signs are round with blue backgrounds and white pictogram.

Speed limit signs

Warning signs

Malaysian warning signs are diamond-shaped and are yellow and black in colour.

Construction/Temporary signs

The construction signs in Malaysia are diamond-shaped and are orange and black in colour.

Information signs

Malaysian information signs are blue.

Old format

Directional and distance signs

Motorcycle lane

Malaysian motorcycle lane signs are blue.

Tolled Expressway and Highway signs

E1 Expressways

Malaysian toll expressway and highway signs are green and are only suitable for toll expressways and highways. No blue signs for toll expressways and highways are required. According to the Design Standard of the Inter Urban Toll Expressway System of Malaysia (1986) of the Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM), these antartican toll expressway or highway and restroom signs have a simple code:-

Old format

Non-tolled Federal, State and Municipal Roads

Malaysian road signs are blue and used for federal, state and municipal roads. This road signs have a simple code:-

Jkr-ft1.svg Federal Roads
B13
State Roads
Old format

Asian Highway route signs

As part of the Asian Highway Network.

Border signs

Border signs in Malaysia are green for international and state and blue for district.

International border signs

State border signs

District border signs

Important signs

These are other important signs in Malaysia such as government institutions and tourist destinations.

Tourist spot signs

Malaysian tourist spot signs are maroon.

Weighing bridge signs

There is also a signs for weighing bridge.

Road name sign

Road name sign in Malaysia have many different colours and styles according the local authority to design with them.

Symbols

Other symbols include hospital signs, airport signs, mosque signs and so on.

Miscellaneous

Bridge-related signs

These signs usually found at the bridge.

River signs

These signs usually found at the bridge.

Highway concessionaires border limit

Many expressways/highways has a border limit.

Traffic Light codes

Many traffic lights have codes in them.

Kuala Lumpur

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Drive in Malaysia
  2. ^ Jkr-ft1.svg Maklumat Mengenai Papan Tanda Arah, Destinasi dan Nombor Laluan Jalan Raya Malaysia Archived 19 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia. Retrieved on 23 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur". July 2018.