The Earl of Buckinghamshire
4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
In office
17 March 1801 – 12 May 1804
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHenry Addington
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byThe Earl Camden
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
23 June – 23 August 1812
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Liverpool
Preceded bySpencer Perceval
Succeeded byCharles Bathurst
Personal details
Born6 May 1760 (1760-05-06)
Hampden House, Great Hampden[citation needed]
Died4 February 1816 (1816-02-05) (aged 55)
Hamilton Place, London
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)(1) Margaretta Bourke
(died 1796)
(2) Hon. Eleanor Eden
(1777-1851)
Alma materNone

Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire, PC (6 May 1760 – 4 February 1816), styled Lord Hobart from 1793 to 1804, was a British Tory politician.

Life

Buckinghamshire was born at Hampden House,[citation needed] the son of George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire and Albinia, daughter of Lord Vere Bertie, younger son of Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. He was educated at Westminster School, London and later served in the American Revolutionary War.

Political career

Buckinghamshire was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the Irish House of Commons for Portarlington from 1784 to 1790 and thereafter for Armagh Borough from 1790 to 1797. He sat also in the British House of Commons for the rotten borough of Bramber in 1788, a seat he held until 1790, and then for Lincoln from 1790 to 1796. He acted as aide-de-camp to successive Lord Lieutenants of Ireland from 1784 onwards,[1] and from 1789 to 1793 he was chief secretary to the Lord Lieutenant, exerting his influence in this country to prevent any concessions to Roman Catholics.[2]

In 1793 he was invested a member of the Privy Council, and appointed Governor of Madras. In 1798 he was recalled to England by the President of the Board of Control responsible for Indian affairs, Henry Dundas[3] and summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Hobart. In the Lords he favoured the union between England and Ireland.[2] He later served as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies from 1801 to 1804 when it was said he had "a better grasp of the local or colonial conditions, and a more active spirit than did some of his successors."[1] He was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1805 and again in 1812, Postmaster General from 1806 to 1807 and President of the Board of Control, a post for which his time in India suited him,[4] from 1812 to 1816. Hobart, the capital of Tasmania, is named after Lord Buckinghamshire.

Family

Eleanor Agnes, Countess of Buckinghamshire, by John Hoppner
Eleanor Agnes, Countess of Buckinghamshire, by John Hoppner

Lord Buckinghamshire married firstly Margaretta, daughter of Edmund Bourke, in 1792. They had one son (who died in infancy) and a daughter, Lady Sarah, who married Prime Minister Lord Goderich and was the mother of George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon. After Margaretta's death in 1796 he married secondly the Hon. Eleanor Eden, daughter of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland, in 1799. Two years earlier William Pitt the Younger had broken off what was generally believed to be an informal engagement to Eleanor. There were no children from this marriage. Lord Buckinghamshire died in February 1816 at the age of 55, after a fall from his horse. He was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew, George. Lady Buckinghamshire died in October 1851, aged 74.

References

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (January 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
  1. ^ a b Hobart, Robert (1760–1816). Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Buckinghamshire, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 728.
  3. ^ Severn, John Kenneth (2007). Architects of Empire: The Duke of Wellington and His Brothers. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-8061-3810-7.
  4. ^ Chisholm 1911.
Parliament of Ireland Preceded byJohn Scott Thomas Kelly Member of Parliament for Portarlington 1784–1790 With: Sir Boyle Roche, 1st Bt Succeeded byRichard Cavendish William Browne Preceded byGeorge Rawson Henry Duquery Member of Parliament for Armagh Borough 1790–1797 With: George Rawson 1790–1796Sackville Hamilton 1796–1797 Succeeded bySackville Hamilton Hon. Thomas Pelham Parliament of Great Britain Preceded bySir Henry Gough-Calthorpe, Bt Daniel Pulteney Member of Parliament for Bramber 1788–1790 With: Sir Henry Gough-Calthorpe, Bt Succeeded bySir Henry Gough-Calthorpe, BtThomas Coxhead Preceded byJohn Fenton-Cawthorne Richard Lumley-Saunderson Member of Parliament for Lincoln 17901796 With: John Fenton-Cawthorne 1790–1796George Rawdon 1796 Succeeded byGeorge RawdonRichard Ellison Political offices Preceded byAlleyne FitzHerbert Chief Secretary for Ireland 1789–1793 Succeeded bySylvester Douglas Preceded byThe Lord Grenville Leader of the House of Lords February–October 1801 Succeeded byThe Lord Pelham Preceded byHenry Dundasas Secretary of State for War Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1801–1804 Succeeded byThe Earl Camden Preceded byThe Lord Mulgrave Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1805 Succeeded byThe Lord Harrowby Preceded bySpencer Perceval Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1812 Succeeded byCharles Bathurst Preceded byThe Viscount Melville President of the Board of Control 1812–1816 Succeeded byGeorge Canning Peerage of Great Britain Preceded byGeorge Hobart Earl of Buckinghamshire 1804–1816 Succeeded byGeorge Hobart-Hampden Baron Hobart (writ of acceleration) 1798–1816