Robert Irsay
Personal information
Born:(1923-03-05)March 5, 1923
Chicago, Illinois
Died:January 14, 1997(1997-01-14) (aged 73)
Indianapolis, Indiana
Career history
As an executive:
Career highlights and awards

Robert Irsay (March 5, 1923 – January 14, 1997) was an American professional football team owner. He owned the National Football League's Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts franchise from 1972 until his death in 1997.

Early life and education

Irsay was born on March 5, 1923 in Chicago, the son of Charles Irsay (born Charles Israel) and Elaine Nyitrai, Jewish immigrants from Hungary.[1] In 1942 he joined the United States Marine Corps. In 1946 he was hired by his father's heating and ventilation business. In 1951 Irsay founded his own business, the Robert Irsay Co., and sold the business to Zurn Industries about a year before purchasing the Colts in 1972.[1]


Irsay assumed ownership of the Baltimore Colts on July 13, 1972 after acquiring the Los Angeles Rams from the estate of Dan Reeves and swapping franchises with Carroll Rosenbloom, all made official on the same day.[2] His last-minute US $19 million bid for the Rams was $2 million more than that of future Tampa Bay Buccaneers owner Hugh Culverhouse.[3] Irsay's majority share in the Colts was initially 51%, with Willard Keland of Racine, Wisconsin owning the rest. He additionally announced the appointment of Joe Thomas as Baltimore's new general manager, succeeding Don Klosterman who accompanied Rosenbloom to Los Angeles.[2]

Irsay's first controversial act with the Colts was his changing of head coaches from Howard Schnellenberger to general manager Joe Thomas after a 30–10 defeat to the Philadelphia Eagles at Veterans Stadium on September 29, 1974 which extended the team's season-opening losing streak to three.[4] While stalking the Colts sideline during the second half, he voiced his preference for Bert Jones as the starting quarterback over Marty Domres by asking Schnellenberger about when he was going to make such a change. Schnellenberger's sarcastic reply resulted in his postgame dismissal. Irsay had first gone to the press box to inform Thomas that he was the new head coach and then to the locker room to announce his actions to the Colts players before breaking the news to Schnellenberger in a heated discussion in the coaches office. Middle linebacker Mike Curtis voiced the players' displeasure by saying, "This just tears me up. In defense of Irsay, he's a nice guy, an emotional guy. He doesn't know a lot about football but sometimes you lose control in an emotional situation."[5][6]

Irsay's verbal abuse of his players after a loss in a final preseason match to the Detroit Lions at the Pontiac Silverdome on September 2, 1976 led to head coach Ted Marchibroda's resignation three days later on September 5. Marchibroda was also at odds with Thomas over player personnel decisions. He was rehired two days later on September 7 after offensive and defensive coordinators Whitey Dovell and Maxie Baughan threatened to quit and the players considered boycotting practice, all in support of Marchibroda.[7][8]

Irsay's dysfunctional relationships with certain players in contract disputes and coaches accelerated the Colts' on-field decline in the ensuing years. He was accused of bad faith bargaining and racial discrimination by running back Lydell Mitchell who was eventually sent to the San Diego Chargers on August 23, 1978.[9] Defensive end John Dutton contended that Irsay had spread "too many lies" about him and sat out the early part of the 1979 campaign while demanding a trade. He added, "I don't think he cares about the team, it's just a toy to him."[10] Dutton was dealt to the Dallas Cowboys on October 9, 1979.[11] Irsay also continually second-guessed Marchibroda.[12]


Main article: Baltimore Colts relocation to Indianapolis

"I have not any intentions of moving the goddamn team. If I did, I will tell you about it, but I'm staying here."

—Robert Irsay, January 20, 1984[13]

In January 1984 Irsay appeared before the Baltimore media and exclaimed, "This is my team!" He reiterated that, despite problems, the rumors that he was moving the team were untrue.[14] With negotiations over improvements to Memorial Stadium at an impasse, one of the chambers of the Maryland state legislature passed a law on March 27, 1984, allowing the city of Baltimore to seize the Colts under eminent domain, which city and county officials had threatened to do. Irsay claimed the city promised him a new football stadium, something they later denied, citing the team's poor attendance. The next day, fearing a dawn raid on the team's Owings Mills headquarters, Irsay accepted a deal offered by the city of Indianapolis.

[The state legislature and the city of Baltimore] not only threw down the gauntlet, but they put a gun to his head and cocked it and asked, 'want to see if it's loaded?' They forced him to make a decision that day.

— Michael Chernoff, the team's general counsel, after the move.[1]

Indianapolis Mayor, William H. Hudnut III, contacted John Burnside Smith, then CEO of the Mayflower Transit Company, who arranged for fifteen trucks to pack the team's property hurriedly and transport it to Indianapolis in the early hours of the morning of March 29. An ecstatic crowd in Indianapolis greeted the arrival of its new NFL team, and the team received 143,000 season ticket requests in just two weeks.

Baltimore was without a National Football League team until another controversial move in 1996, when Art Modell brought the personnel of the Cleveland Browns there to become the Baltimore Ravens.

After Irsay's death in Indianapolis on January 14, 1997, the Colts were inherited by his son, Jim, who serves as CEO. Bill Polian handled the day-to-day operations of the team as vice-chairman until his dismissal after the 2011 season.

Irsay is one of the members of the Indianapolis Colts Ring of Honor, being inducted on September 23, 1996.

Personal life

In 1946, Irsay married Harriet Pogorzelski, the daughter of Polish Catholic immigrants. They raised their children Catholic.[15][16] They had three children – Thomas, Roberta and Jim. Roberta was killed in an automobile accident in 1971 on I-294 outside Chicago.[1] Thomas, who lived with a severe mental disability, lived in a Florida facility until his death in 1999 at the age of 45. Jim is now the CEO and principal owner of the Colts. Irsay, who had divorced from Harriet, married Nancy Clifford on June 17, 1989, at Second Presbyterian Church in Indianapolis; Hudnut officiated the ceremony. Nancy Irsay died November 7, 2015 at the age of 65.[17]

Health decline

Irsay suffered a stroke in November 1995 and was in intensive care at St. Vincent Indianapolis Hospital for several months.[18] After his release he developed pneumonia, heart and kidney problems, for which he was transferred to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He died in Indianapolis on January 14, 1997.[19] He is interred at Crown Hill Cemetery.


  1. ^ While Irsay died on January 14, 1997, this was still during the 1996 season which is why 1996 is shown here instead of 1997


  1. ^ a b c d Swift, E.M. (1986-12-15). "Now You See Him, Now you Don't". Sports Illustrated. pp. 84–100. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  2. ^ a b Beard, Gordon. "Heating Firm Owner Gets Baltimore Colts While Carroll Rosenbloom Secures Rams In A Big $16,000,000 Transcontinental Deal," The Associated Press, Friday, July 14, 1972. Retrieved January 31, 2014
  3. ^ Crawford, Denis M. Hugh Culverhouse and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers: How a Skinflint Genius with a Losing Team Made the Modern NFL. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2014
  4. ^ "Colts Oust Coach," United Press International (UPI), Sunday, September 29, 1974. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  5. ^ "Colt Owner Plays Executioner's Role," The New York Times, Tuesday, October 1, 1974. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  6. ^ "Colts Fire Schnellenberger; Thomas New Coach," The Associated Press (AP), Monday, September 30, 1974. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  7. ^ "Marchibroda Quits Colts In Dispute With Owner," The Associated Press, Sunday, September 5, 1976. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  8. ^ Wallace, William N. "Marchibroda Returns, Placated, to the Colts," The New York Times, Wednesday, September 8, 1976. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  9. ^ "Colts to trade Mitchell," The Associated Press (AP), Thursday, August 24, 1978. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  10. ^ Anderson, Dave. "Pro Football's John Dutton Case," The New York Times, Sunday, July 15, 1979. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  11. ^ "Cowboys Get Dutton for 2 Top Draft Picks," The Associated Press (AP), Tuesday, October 9, 1979. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  12. ^ DuPree, David. "Colts Find Cellar on 21–14 Loss," The Washington Post, Monday, December 18, 1978. Retrieved November 23, 2020
  13. ^ Morgan, Jon (January 15, 1997). "Robert Irsay, Colts owner, dies at 73 Controversial figure broke fans' hearts, moving team to Ind". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  14. ^,0,6220377.story?coll=bal-sports-headlines. Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ Bogen, Amir (1995-06-20). "The Colts' Jewish roots – Israel Culture, Ynetnews". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
  16. ^ "Mother of Colts owner dies at age 87". Usatoday.Com. 2008-07-12. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Colts' Irsay Rushed to the Hospital". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 1995-11-30. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  19. ^ "Colt Owner Robert Irsay Dies at 73". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 1997-01-15. Retrieved 2015-12-30.