Peter Roger Stuart Moorey,(30 May 1937 – 23 December 2004) was a British archaeologist, historian, and academic, specialising in Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. He was Keeper of Antiquities at the Ashmolean Museum of the University of Oxford, and also served as Vicegerent of Wolfson College, Oxford.
Moorey was educated at Mill Hill School, then an all-boys independent boarding school. He studied modern history at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Between school and university he did his National Service in the Intelligence Corps, learning Russian and serving in Cyprus.
His time in Cyprus (with its fine archaeological heritage) probably reinforced a childhood interest in ancient history and may well have prompted his interest in the post of Assistant Keeper of Antiquities at the Ashmolean Museum which became available at the time of his graduation in 1961. He was eventually appointed as Keeper of Antiquities, which post he remained in until his retirement in 2003, shortly before his death.
Moorey's excavation interests and experiences were broad, excavating at Jerusalem under Kathleen Kenyon in 1963 and in Abu Salabikh in Iraq under Nicholas Postgate in the 1970s. In 1982 Moorey edited Ur of the Chaldees, a republication of Leonard Woolley's 1954 Excavations at Ur, adding new photographs and information, and deleting some references to the Book of Genesis.
Potts, Timothy, Roaf, Michael & Stein, Diana (eds), Culture through Objects: Ancient Near Eastern studies in honour of P.R.S. Moorey, Oxford: Griffith Institute, 2003. ISBN 0-900416-80-7.