Rosabeth Moss Kanter
Kanter (left), with Susan Solomont, in 2010
Rosabeth Moss

(1943-03-15) March 15, 1943 (age 80)
Other namesRosabeth M. Kanter
  • Stuart A. Kanter (died 1969)
  • Barry Stein (died 2023)
    (m. 1972)
Academic background
Alma mater
ThesisUtopia[1] (1967)
InfluencesC. Wright Mills[2]
Academic work
Main interestsTokenism

Rosabeth Moss Kanter (born March 15, 1943)[3] holds the Ernest L. Arbuckle professor of business at Harvard Business School.[4] She co-founded the Harvard University Advanced Leadership Initiative and served as Director and Founding Chair from 2008-2018.[5] She was the top-ranking woman—No. 11 overall—in a 2002 study of Top Business Intellectuals by citation in several sources.[6] She was named one of the "50 most powerful women in Boston" by Boston Magazine[7] and one of the "125 women who changed our world" over the past 125 years by Good Housekeeping magazine in May 2010.[8]

Early life

Kanter was born in Cleveland, Ohio, to Helen (Smolen) Moss, a schoolteacher, and Nelson Nathan Moss, a lawyer and small-business owner.[9] She has a younger sister, Myra.[10] Kanter described her childhood as "benign" and herself as ambitious, having written a novel and entered essay contests as early as 11 years old.[10]


She graduated from Cleveland Heights High School in 1960 and then went on to study sociology and English literature at Bryn Mawr College, graduating magna cum laude in 1964.[11] The following year she received an MA in sociology and, in 1967, a PhD from the University of Michigan.[3] Her dissertation was on 19th-century utopian communes.[12] Although Kanter later decided to pursue a career in business research,[12] her training as a sociologist informed her thinking and subsequent work.[13]



Before joining the Harvard Business School faculty, Kanter was assistant professor of sociology at Brandeis University from 1967 to 1973 and again from 1974 to 1977, visiting associate professor of administration at Harvard University, as well as professor of sociology at Yale University from 1977 to 1986.[14] She served as editor of the Harvard Business Review from 1989 to 1992, the last academic to hold the job.[15] She is Chair and Director of the Harvard University Advanced Leadership Initiative.[16]


Kanter's earliest work as a sociologist focused on utopian communities and communes in the United States. In her 1972 book, Commitment & Community: Communes and Utopias in Sociological Perspective, she argued that the internal characteristics of a utopian community lead to its success or failure. Kanter defined a "successful" commune as one that lasted for longer than thirty-three years. After surveying ninety-one communal projects from the period between 1780 and 1860, she determined that communal groups such as the Shakers, Amana, and Oneida were among the most successful nineteenth-century communes. To explain their success, Kanter noted these groups' rituals and clear boundaries for membership, as well as the "commitment mechanisms" that utopians utilized: sacrifice, investment, renunciation, communion, mortification and transcendence.[17] She concluded that the more that a utopian community asked of its members, the more cohesive and long-lasting it was.[citation needed]

Kanter has written numerous books on business management techniques, particularly change management; she also has a regular column in the Miami Herald. She is known for[citation needed] her 1977 study of tokenism—how being a minority in a group can affect one's performance due to enhanced visibility and performance pressure. Her study of Men and Women of the Corporation[18] is a classic in critical management studies, bureaucracy analysis and gender studies.[citation needed]

Advising and Consulting

She was an economic adviser to Michael Dukakis in his 1988 bid for presidency.[14] Together they wrote a book entitled Creating the future: the Massachusetts comeback and its promise for America, an examination of the Massachusetts Miracle.[14][19]

Kanter co-founded the consulting firm Goodmeasure Inc. and has served as chair since 1980. She advises CEOs of companies and has served on various business and non-profit boards.[20] Her consulting clients have included large companies such as IBM, Gap Inc., Monsanto, British Airways, and Volvo.[21] Kanter has spoken in national and international events along with Presidents, Prime Ministers and CEOs. Her main focused is speaking out on addressing educational dilemmas.[20]

Management theory

Rosabeth Kanter's theory of management establishes a framework that managers can utilize to enhance the efficiency of corporate organizations. One of her theories suggested the manner by which a company operates influences attitudes of the work force. Kanter says employees show a variety of behaviors depending on whether structural support was in position. Her view is power emanates from informal and formal sources. Employees must have access to available resources to accomplish the organization's objectives. It is also essential to promote the staff's skills and comprehension.[22]

One article in Management Today cited Rosabeth Kanter as "probably the first woman to attain indisputable management guru status." Aside from her expertise in change management, Kanter has interests in corporate strategies, self-confidence, and demographic shift. She has a fondness for conducting detailed research therefore earning the pseudonym, "The Thinking Woman's Michael Porter.[23]"

An article published in the San Diego Tribune on May 29, 2018, mentioned the Harvard professor's idea the happiest employees can solve the most difficult problems and make a positive change in the lives of people. Teachers must adopt this stance if they want to stay in the teaching profession for many years.[24]

In an interview with the Business Insider in 2015, Professor Kanter deplored the "miserable state of America's infrastructure which impaired the economy and affected American citizens. According to the management expert, the blame must be put on federal and local politicians as well as Americans who elect them. Kanter emphasized the need for citizens to pay their taxes in sales, tourism, and usage. Likewise, it is imperative to market investments in infrastructure effectively. However, it is not the government's job alone in building and promoting infrastructure. Entrepreneurs, technology, and collaboration between the public and private sectors are also important.

Six Keys for Leading Positive Change

  1. Show Up
    • Attending and being present in the organization will allow employees to approach managers and builds trust.
  2. Speak Up
    • Share and spread information with employees, be transparent when it comes new changes.
  3. Look Up
    • Take a step back and look at the big picture. What changes need to be made to increase productivity?
  4. Team Up
    • Encourage team-building activities and collaborations among the team. Encourage employees to seek new connections from outside and inside the company: this improves employee engagement.
  5. Never Give Up
    • Be prepared to face challenges that arise, and empower your employees to prevent burnout and reduce turnover.
  6. Lift Others Up
    • Support is important to employees. Support the team to be productive and feel valued when achieving milestones in their work.[22]


Author and co-author of 18 books and counting.


The Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award is given in recognition of the best piece of work-family research. The award was created by the Center for Families at Purdue University and the Center for Work and Family at Boston College in honor of Kanter.[29][30]

Personal life

Kanter's first husband, Stuart A. Kanter, whom she had married in her junior year at Bryn Mawr,[10] died in 1969.[11] She married consultant Barry Stein in 1972; he died in 2023. Together they have one son.[11]

Selected bibliography


  1. ^ Kanter, Rosabeth Moss (1967). Utopia: A Study in Comparative Organization (PhD thesis). Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan. OCLC 48240266.
  2. ^ Potia, Zeenat; Ely, Robin; Kanter, Rosabeth Moss (12 September 2018). "Celebrating a Landmark Book on Gender in the Workplace". Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b Royster, Jacqueline Jones (2003). Profiles of Ohio women, 1803-2003. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-8214-1508-5.
  4. ^ a b "Rosabeth M. Kanter". Harvard Business School. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c "Rosabeth M. Kanter - Faculty & Research - Harvard Business School". Retrieved 2023-10-31.
  6. ^ "Accenture Study Yields Top 50 'Business Intellectuals' Ranking of Top Thinkers and Writers on Management Topics". Accenture. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  7. ^ Hall, Alexandra (February 2011). "The 50 Most Powerful Women in Boston" Archived 2011-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. Boston. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  8. ^ "125 Women Who Changed Our World". Good Housekeeping. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
  9. ^ Graham, Judith (1996). Current biography yearbook, 1996. New York: H. W. Wilson. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-8242-0908-7.
  10. ^ a b c Deutsch, Claudia H. (September 19, 2004). "If at First You Don't Succeed, Believe Harder". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c Krismann, Carol H. (2005). Encyclopedia of American women in business: from colonial times to the present. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 299–300. ISBN 978-0-313-32757-5.
  12. ^ a b Soley, Lawrence C. (1995). "Leasing the ivory tower: the corporate takeover of academia". Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press, p. 79. ISBN 978-0-89608-504-6.
  13. ^ O'Hara, Mary (November 12, 2008) ."Prophet for a new age". The Guardian. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  14. ^ a b c Sheldrake, John (2003). Management theory. London: Thomson Learning. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-86152-963-3.
  15. ^ Hindle, Tim (2008). Guide to management ideas and gurus. London: Profile Books. p. 257–258. ISBN 978-1-84668-108-0.
  16. ^ "Rosabeth M. Kanter". Harvard Business School. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
  17. ^ Kanter, Rosabeth Moss (1972). Commitment & Community: Communes and Utopias in Sociological Perspective. Harvard University Press. pp. 75–125.
  18. ^ Kanter, Rosabeth Moss (2008) [1977]. Men and Women of the Corporation. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-7867-2384-3.
  19. ^ Butterfield, Fox (May 1, 1988). "What you see is what you get". The New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Rosabeth Moss Kanter, Ph.D." World Business Academy. Retrieved 2023-11-03.
  21. ^ a b Cooper, Cary L. (2000). "Who's who in the management sciences". Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar. p. 234–237. ISBN 978-1-84064-237-7.
  22. ^ a b "Management Theory of Rosabeth Moss Kanter". Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  23. ^ "Rosabeth Moss Kanter: Management guru". Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  24. ^ JIMENEZ, JAMES. "Back to school: Filling the need for teachers". Pomerado News. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  25. ^ "Rosabeth Moss Kanter" Archived 2013-01-04 at the Wayback Machine. John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  26. ^ Pugh, Derek Salman; Hickson, David John (2007). Great writers on organizations. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-7546-7056-8.
  27. ^ "C. Wright Mills Award Past Winners". The Society for the Study of Social Problems. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  28. ^ "Newsmakers". Harvard Gazette (December 24, 2008). Retrieved April 27, 2012.
  29. ^ "The Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award". Purdue University, Center for Families. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  30. ^ "Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award" Archived 2012-01-29 at the Wayback Machine. Boston College. Retrieved April 14, 2012.