Saab 2000
Darwin Airline Saab 2000 in Etihad Regional livery taking off at Düsseldorf Airport in 2014
Role Turboprop Regional airliner
Manufacturer Saab
First flight 26 March 1992
Introduction 30 August 1994[1]
Status In limited passenger service
Produced 1992–1999
Number built 63[2]
Developed from Saab 340

The Saab 2000 is a twin-engined high-speed turboprop airliner built by Swedish aircraft manufacturer Saab. It is designed to carry 50–58 passengers and cruise at a speed of 665 km/h (360 kn). Production took place in Linköping, Sweden. The Saab 2000 first flew in March 1992 and was certified in 1994. The last aircraft was delivered in April 1999, a total of 63 aircraft being built. As of June 2023, 31 total Saab 2000s were in either airline or military service.[3]

Development and design

In December 1988, Saab decided to build a stretched derivative of its successful Saab 340 twin-turboprop regional airliner. The new aircraft was planned to meet a perceived demand for a high-speed 50-seat turboprop with good climb performance which could operate over short- and medium-range routes with similar block times to jet aircraft while retaining the efficiency provided by turboprop engines. The new airliner, called the Saab 2000, was formally launched in May 1989, with Saab already having firm orders for 46 aircraft and options for a further 147.[4] The aircraft was assembled at Saab's Linköping factory, with major subcontractors including CASA, who built the aircraft's wings, Short Brothers, who built the rear fuselage and Valmet who built the aircraft's tail surfaces.[5] The Saab 2000 first flew on 26 March 1992 and entered into scheduled airline service in September 1994, a few months after its certification by the Joint Aviation Authorities in March and the Federal Aviation Administration in April.[6][7]

The Saab 2000 has a 15% greater wingspan than the Saab 340,[4] and being 7.55 metres (24 ft 9 in) longer can carry up to 58 passengers in a high-density layout and 50 with a more comfortable 32 inches (81 cm) seat pitch.[6][4] The 2000 was the first commercial aircraft to use the Allison GMA 2100 turboprop engines, which are derated to 3,390 kW (4,550 shp) for the plane.[8] One engine was mounted on each wing, as in the 340, with the engines placed further from the fuselage than those of the 340 to reduce cabin noise.[4] The Dowty-Rotol propellers are 3.81 m (12.5 ft) in diameter, and they have a slow rotational speed of 1,100 rpm at takeoff and 950 rpm in cruise.[9] The aircraft was designed to operate at a maximum cruise speed of Mach 0.62.[10]

Operational history

Saab 2000 cockpit
Saab 2000 cabin

Sales of the Saab 2000 were fairly limited. The major initial customer was Crossair, a regional airline which had Swissair as a 56% shareholder.[citation needed] Crossair took delivery of 34 aircraft and retired the type in 2005.

Due to limited demand, Saab ceased production of the Saab 2000 in 1999, with the last aircraft being delivered to Crossair on 29 April of that year.[11] The primary reason for the low sales was the success of newly introduced regional jets such as the Bombardier CRJ and Embraer ERJ 145 family which provided better performance and passenger comfort for the same initial price.

General Motors (GM) operated several corporate-configured Saab 2000s[citation needed] and was in talks with new startup air carrier Pro Air to have this airline operate them in scheduled service as Pro Air Express in the U.S.; however, Pro Air then encountered financial difficulties and ceased all operations before the deal could be consummated.[citation needed] Air Marshall Islands also operated a Saab 2000 in the remote Micronesia island region of the Pacific Ocean.[citation needed]

Some smaller airlines, including Eastern Airways in the UK, have subsequently acquired 2000s at low cost and operated them on regional routes which experience lower passenger numbers as well on shuttle services in the U.K. for oil and gas personnel working in the North Sea.[citation needed]

In June 2006, Pakistan completed the purchase of six Saab 2000 turboprop aircraft to be equipped with the Saab-Ericsson ERIEYE Airborne Early Warning system. Revised in May 2007 due to renegotiation with the Government of Pakistan, only five aircraft will be delivered, four of which will be equipped with the Erieye system. On 3 April 2008, the first Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C was rolled out and presented to Pakistan Air Force officials during a ceremony in Sweden.[12]

By 2022 Freight Runners Express / ACE headquartered in Milwaukee, WI become the largest civilian operator of the 2000.



Current operators

NyxAir Saab 2000
Pakistan Air Force Saab 2000
Saab Swordfish MPA

As of June 2023, a total of 31 Saab 2000s remained in civilian and military service:[3]

Former operators

A former Polet Airlines Saab 2000
A former OLT Saab 2000

The following airlines formerly operated Saab 2000 aircraft in scheduled passenger service in the past:[14]


Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000[6]

General characteristics



Accidents and incidents

Between 1999 and 2019, there was 1 hull-loss accident involving Saab 2000 series aircraft, resulting in 1 fatality.

Accidents with fatalities

Other incidents

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See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. ^ "Delivery of first Saab 2000 to Crossair marks manufacturer milestone". Commuter Regional Airline News. Vol. 12, no. 35. 5 September 1994. p. 2. ISSN 1040-5402. Gale A15790640.
  2. ^ "World Airliner Census". Flight International, Volume 184, Number 5403, 13–19 August 2013, pp. 40–58.
  3. ^ a b "".
  4. ^ a b c d Wheeler, Barry. "SAAB 2000: An exercise in growth and commonality" Air International, Volume 44, Number 2, February 1993. pp. 65–70. ISSN 0306-5634
  5. ^ a b Lambert, Mark. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1. pp. 351-356.
  6. ^ a b c Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7. pp 231–232.
  7. ^ Moxon, Julian. "Crossair is pleased with Saab 2000 in service". Flight International, Volume 146, Number 4443, 19–25 October 1994, p. 10. ISSN 0015-3710
  8. ^ Leyes, Richard A., II; Fleming, William A. (1999). The history of North American small gas turbine aircraft engines. Reston, VA: National Air and Space Museum and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). p. 589. ISBN 1-56347-332-1. OCLC 247550535.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ George, Fred (March 1992). "Saab 2000: Fastest turboprop regional rolls out". Flying. Vol. 119, no. 3. p. 56. ISSN 0015-4806.
  10. ^ Leth, Siv; Samuelsson, Fredrik; Meijer, Staffan (2–4 June 1998). Propeller noise generation and its reduction on the Saab 2000 high-speed turboprop. AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference (4th ed.). pp. 457+. doi:10.2514/6.1998-2283.
  11. ^ "Commercial Aircraft Directory - Saab 2000". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013.
  12. ^ Update, Defense. "Saab Debut '2000 Special Mission Aircraft at Farnborough". Archived from the original on 23 February 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  13. ^ // FARNBOROUGH: Saab 2000 offered as Swordfish MPA 10 July 2012
  14. ^, photos of Saab 2000 aircraft
  15. ^ Lednicer, David. "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Runway Overrun, PenAir flight 3296". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  17. ^ "1999 SAS Saab 2000 incident".
  18. ^ "Report: Crossair SB20 at Werneuchen on Jul 10th 2002, landed before runway and impacted earth wall". Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  19. ^ "Serious incident Saab 2000 G-LGNO, 15 Dec 2014". AviationSafetyNetwork. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report 2/2016" (PDF). AAIB. Retrieved 19 May 2021.

Further reading

Media related to Saab 2000 at Wikimedia Commons