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In machine learning, semantic analysis of a corpus is the task of building structures that approximate concepts from a large set of documents. It generally does not involve prior semantic understanding of the documents. A metalanguage based on predicate logic can analyze the speech of humans.[1]: 93-  Another strategy to understand the semantics of a text is symbol grounding. If language is grounded, it is equal to recognizing a machine readable meaning. For the restricted domain of spatial analysis, a computer based language understanding system was demonstrated.[2]: 123 

Latent semantic analysis (sometimes latent semantic indexing), is a class of techniques where documents are represented as vectors in term space. A prominent example is PLSI.

Latent Dirichlet allocation involves attributing document terms to topics.

n-grams and hidden Markov models work by representing the term stream as a Markov chain where each term is derived from the few terms before it.

See also


  1. ^ Nitin Indurkhya; Fred J. Damerau (22 February 2010). Handbook of Natural Language Processing. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-8593-8.
  2. ^ Michael Spranger (15 June 2016). The evolution of grounded spatial language. Language Science Press. ISBN 978-3-946234-14-2.