General information
LocationWicker, South Yorkshire, City of Sheffield
Coordinates53°23′23″N 1°27′30″W / 53.389720°N 1.458340°W / 53.389720; -1.458340
Grid referenceSK361882
Other information
Original companySheffield and Rotherham Railway
Pre-groupingMidland Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
Key dates
31 October 1838Opened
1 February 1870Closed to passengers, renamed Wicker Goods
12 July 1965Closed for freight

Wicker railway station[1] (later Wicker Goods railway station) was the first railway station to be built in Sheffield, England. It was to the north of the city centre, at the northern end of the Wicker, in the fork formed by Spital Hill and Savile Street. It was opened on 31 October 1838 as the southern terminus of the Sheffield and Rotherham Railway, which ran north to Rotherham Westgate railway station.

In 1840, the line was connected to the North Midland Railway at Rotherham Masborough railway station. Carriages from Sheffield would be attached to North Midland trains for onward travel. A southbound curve was added in 1869.

On 1 January 1847, a half-mile connecting line from the Wicker to the Bridgehouses station of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway had been constructed in order to increase goods traffic and enable wagon transfers. This short steeply graded line, enclosed within a tunnel for almost its entire length was known locally as the Fiery Jack.[2]

Wicker was replaced as a passenger station by Sheffield Midland Station on 1 February 1870 when the Midland Railway opened a new direct route from Chesterfield to just north of Wicker, now part of the Midland Main Line. Railway workers refer to this route as the "New Road", as opposed to the "Old Road" of the original North Midland line. It has gradients of 1 in 100, a viaduct and three tunnels, including Bradway Tunnel, 2,027 yards (1,853 m) long.

Wicker remained open as a goods station until 1965 and has now been demolished. The site is currently occupied by a Tesco Extra supermarket, having previously contained car dealerships and was, until 2006 when the Spital Hill / Savile Street corner was remodelled as part of the Sheffield Northern Relief Road, the home of Amanda King's Made In Sheffield sculpture, now removed.

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Line and station closed
  Sheffield and Rotherham Railway   Grimesthorpe Bridge
Line open, station closed

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Sometimes, before the opening of Sheffield railway station, Wicker was referred to as the Midland Station. See, for example, Harrison, Samuel (1864). A Complete History of the Great Flood at Sheffield on March 11 & 12, 1864. pp. 83–84., which uses both terms interchangeably
  2. ^ Atkinson, Kate (June 2007). "Spital Tunnel, the Fiery Jack!". archive.burngreavemessenger.org.uk. Archived from the original on 3 November 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2017.