Sir William Cusack-Smith
Portrait of William Cusack-Smith .PNG
Member, Irish House of Commons
In office
1794–1801
ConstituencyLanesborough
Donegal Borough
Solicitor-General for Ireland
In office
1800–1801
Baron of the Exchequer
In office
1801–1836
Personal details
Born23 January 1766
Died21 August 1836
Spouse(s)Hester Berry
ChildrenMichael, Thomas, Frances, Mary Anne

Sir William Cusack-Smith, 2nd Baronet FRS (23 January 1766 – 21 August 1836) was an Irish baronet, politician, and judge.

Background and education

Cusack-Smith was the only surviving son of Sir Michael Smith, 1st Baronet, Master of the Rolls in Ireland from 1801 to 1806, and his first wife Maryanne Cusack, daughter of James Cusack of Ballyronan, County Wicklow. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.

Legal and judicial career

Cusack-Smith was called to the Irish Bar in 1788, having studied at Lincoln's Inn, became King's Counsel in 1795, and was made Solicitor-General for Ireland in 1800. He was appointed a Baron of the Exchequer in 1801 at the remarkably early age of 35. The appointment caused some adverse comment, both because of his youth and because he was already displaying signs of eccentricity.[1] In April 1805 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[2]

He was an eccentric judge who offended Daniel O'Connell. O'Connell raised a motion, carried by MPs on 13 February 1834, to appoint a select committee to enquire into the conduct of Lord Smith in respect of his neglect of duty as a judge, and the introduction of political topics in his charges to grand juries. On the count of neglect, Cusack-Smith had been accused of rarely beginning his court sessions until after noon, occasionally running them until late into the night. [1]The accusation of introducing political topics stemmed from statements made from the bench to grand juries condemning partisan agitation practices, which were themselves perceived as inflammatory due to their one-sided nature, although in fairness he was far from being the only judge to behave in this manner. [1]On 21 February there was an important debate on the matter, and the resolution to appoint the committee was rescinded by a majority of six.

Cusack-Smith, though a devout member of the Church of Ireland, was a lifelong supporter of Catholic Emancipation (his mother was a Roman Catholic),[3] but moved from early rejection of the Act of Union to supporting it. Despite this reversal, his conscientious conduct as a judge was well thought of to the extent that he was even congratulated by voices among the Repealers movement on his escape from parliamentary inquiry.[4]

Cusack-Smith represented Lanesborough in the Irish House of Commons from 1794 to 1798. Subsequently he sat for Donegal Borough until the Act of Union in 1801.

He was ill for some months before his death, but had appeared to recover. His death, at the family seat Newtown, was sudden, and was generally believed to be suicide.

Family

William Cusack-Smith added his mother's surname to his own upon her death. He married Hester Fleetwood Berry (29 Jan 1762 – 4 Jun 1832), daughter of Thomas Berry of Eglish Castle, County Offaly and his wife and cousin Frances. They had four children:

Many of Hester's letters to members of her family, particularly her favourite brother Robert, survive.

Publications

Arms

Coat of arms of Sir William Cusack-Smith, 2nd Baronet
Cusack-Smith Escutcheon.png
Notes
Supporters granted separately to the second baronet by William Betham (Deputy Ulster King of Arms) on 8 March 1810.[5]
Crest
In a ducal coronet Or a unicorn's head Azure armed Gold.
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st & 4th Argent on a bend between two unicorns' heads erased Azure armed Or three lozenges of the last (Smith) 2nd & 3rd per pale Or and Azure a fess counterchanged (Cusack).
Supporters
Dexter a merman Sable crined and garnished Or bearing in his exterior hand a trident of the second sinister a mermaid Sable crined and garnished Or and bearing in her exterior hand a mirror Proper framed and handled of the second.
Motto
Mores Meliores Metallo

References

  1. ^ a b c Ball, F. Elrington " The Judges in Ireland 1221–1921 " John Murray, London, 1926
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Annual Register, 1836. 1837. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  4. ^ Ireland and its rulers: since 1829, part the second. TC Newby. 1844. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Grants and Confirmations of Arms, Vol. C". National Library of Ireland. p. 106. Retrieved 24 June 2022.Burke's Peerage. 1915. p. 1847.
Parliament of Ireland Preceded byGervase Parker Bushe Stephen Moore Member of Parliament for Lanesborough 1794–1798 With: Stephen Moore Succeeded byEdmond Stanley John La Touche Preceded byWilliam Keller Humphrey Butler Member of Parliament for Donegal Borough 1798 – 1801 With: Hugh O'Donnell 1798–1799Charles Kendal Bushe 1799–1801 Succeeded byParliament of the United Kingdom Legal offices Preceded byJohn Stewart Solicitor-General for Ireland 1800–1801 Succeeded byJames McClelland Baronetage of Ireland Preceded byMichael Smith Baronet (of Tuam) 1808–1836 Succeeded byMichael Cusack-Smith