|Full name||South America XV|
|Boland Cavaliers 12–42 South America |
(12 April 1980)
|NE Cape 3–72 South America |
(17 March 1982)
|Largest test win|
|South Africa 12–21 South America |
(3 April 1982)
|Largest test defeat|
|Argentina 78–15 South America |
(6 August 2011)
The South American XV (sometimes known as CONSUR XV and formerly as South American Jaguars) is a rugby union team made up from the national rugby sides in the Sudamérica Rugby (formerly CONSUR) rugby federation.
The squad was first formed in 1980 to compete against South African teams, despite the ban imposed on that country in repudiation of apartheid. Over the eight test matches played, seven of them were won by the Springboks and only one was won by the Jaguars. This single victory came at Bloemfontein in 1982.
In 2011, a new South America XV was formed to face the Argentine side before they trip to New Zealand to play the 2011 Rugby World Cup.
The side was formed in 1980 after an invitation from the SARU to the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) to play a series of games there as a way of counteracting its sporting isolation which was due to the country's apartheid policies.
The team that toured was mainly made up of Argentina players and included a few Uruguayan, Chilean, Paraguayan, Brazilian and even Spanish players. The team was named "Sudamérica XV", wearing a white jersey with blue, red and gold stripes. The badge included a puma, a condor, a lapwing and a jaguar, representing Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay respectively. Rodolfo O'Reilly was appointed as coach.
Boys from other countries knew that (South America XV) was a facade, and, although they played some matches in the tour, it were the Pumas who played the tests— Rodolfo O'Reilly remembering his days as coach of South American Jaguars in an interview with Argentine newspaper La Gazeta.
The Jaguars was a 'shadow' Argentine national team, not officially recognised by the UAR as a stratagem to elude the prohibition of the Argentine government that since the early 1970s forbade any official relationship between any Argentine sport federation and South African and Rhodesian ones, due to the apartheid politics of those countries. This ostracism had started in 1971 when the Argentine government forbade the Pumas to play a match in Rhodesia during the tour in South Africa.
In March 1973, the Argentine government and the UAR had a great conflict: the government contested to UAR the permit given to San Isidro Club to visit South Africa, and forced the federal committee of UAR to resign. A new committee was elected on 24 April 1973. In November the government also forbade all visits to South Africa by any Argentine team and any visit of a South African team into Argentina. This ban remained until 1991.
The only victory of South America in a test match came in 1982, when they beat South Africa 21–12, with all points scored by captain Hugo Porta. It also became the first win of an Argentine side over South Africa so all the players on the field were from that country.
In 1984 the Argentine Government forced the UAR to forbid the use of any Argentine emblem by the players. As a result, the body decided not to send any representative to South Africa, declining the invitation. Nevertheless, the players accepted the invitation, being part of the South American Jaguars that toured that year. That tour was the last, with the Jaguars being dissolved.
In 2011, the side played one match against Argentina, in San Juan as part of their 2011 Rugby World Cup warm-ups. Argentina won 75-15.
The team reassembled in 2013, and played England on 2 June 2013 at Estadio Charrúa in Montevideo as a warm-up match for the English before playing 2 tests against Argentina.
The team competed at the 2015 Urucup, with players from the Argentine Pladar Litoral plus three guests from Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela.
In November 2018, South American XV toured Chile and Paraguay to play the respective national teams. In August 2019, the team played Uruguay.
Summarised list of matches played by the South American side (only considered "tests" are included):
|Date||Venue||City||Home team||Score||Away team||Character|
|26 April 1980||Wanderers Stadium||Johannesburg||South Africa||24–9||Tour to South Africa|
|3 May 1980||Kings Park Stadium||Durban||South Africa||18–9|
|18 October 1980||Wanderers Club||Montevideo||13–22||South Africa||Tour to South America|
|25 October 1980||Prince of Wales Country Club||Santiago||16–30||South Africa|
|27 March 1982||Loftus Versfeld||Pretoria||South Africa||50–18||Tour to South Africa|
|3 April 1982||Free State||Bloemfontein||South Africa||12–21|
|20 October 1984||Loftus Versfeld||Pretoria||South Africa||32–15||Tour to South Africa|
|27 October 1984||Newlands||Cape Town||South Africa||22–13|
|6 August 2011||Bicentenario||San Juan||Argentina||78–15||VISA Cup|
|2 June 2013||Estadio Charrúa||Montevideo||21–41||England||Tour to Argentina|
|31 May 2014||Ateneo Inmaculada||Santo Tomé||Argentina||40–0||Copa Banco Santa Fe|
|8 March 2015||Estadio Charrúa||Montevideo||Uruguay B||18–21||Urucup [note 1]|
|11 March 2015||Estadio Charrúa||Montevideo||Argentina U-20||29–20||Urucup|
|14 March 2015||Estadio Charrúa||Montevideo||Uruguay U-20||16–43||Urucup|
|10 November 2018||Municipal Stadium||La Pintana||Chile||21–38||Tour to South America|
|17 November 2018||Héroes de Curupaytí||Asunción||Paraguay||22–73|
|24 August 2019||Estadio Charrúa||Montevideo||Uruguay||24–20||Warm-up match [note 2]|