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Jazz in Spain began with an interest in Dixieland or New Orleans jazz.[citation needed] In that time it evolved into other styles, often influenced by visiting Americans. In 1947 Don Byas introduced Tete Montoliu to bebop, and other efforts to combine jazz with flamenco occurred. Catalan and Galician music have influenced some regions.

Jazz in Spain suffered from many difficulties. These included cultural, political, and economic systems that were unsuitable for creativity. Francisco Franco's regime placed restraints on jazz. The return to democracy and the development of the economy allowed jazz to expand.[1]

Spain has many outdoor jazz festivals. The Donostia-San Sebastian Jazz Festival began in 1966. In the middle 1970s, the festival attracted Charles Mingus, Tete Montoliu, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson, Dizzy Gillespie, Herbie Hancock, Lionel Hampton, John Lee Hooker, Sonny Rollins, B.B. King, Woody Herman, Freddie Hubbard, Weather Report, Gato Barbieri, Art Blakey, Mercer Ellington, McCoy Tyner, Chick Corea, Clark Terry, and Miles Davis. The festival held in Vitoria-Gasteiz, set up in 1977, also attracts musicians.

Jazz festivals

Jazz musicians in Spain

See also: es:Categoría:Músicos de jazz de España

References

  1. ^ "Apoloybaco".
  2. ^ "Festival Jazz Barcelona - Web Oficial - Mejor precio garantizado". www.jazz.barcelona (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  3. ^ "Del 3 al 8 de julio de 2023 |". Festival de Jazz de Vitoria-Gasteiz (in European Spanish). Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  4. ^ "58 Jazzaldia - Donostiako Jazzaldia". Jazz Aldia. 7 August 2023. Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  5. ^ "Jazz Terrassa". Jazz Terrassa. Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Mar i Jazz 2022". Festival de Jazz. Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  7. ^ "Biography". Archived from the original on 2006-11-24.
  8. ^ "Paloma Berganza - Canción francesa". Archived from the original on 2007-09-20.
  9. ^ "Alberto Conde Jazz". www.albertoconde.com.
  10. ^ "Alberto Conde: las raíces del Jazz || Perfiles || Tomajazz". www.tomajazz.com.
  11. ^ "Musician Chano Dominguez". NPR. Archived from the original on 2019-03-01.
  12. ^ "Chick Corea's website".
  13. ^ Biography All About Jazz[dead link]
  14. ^ Biography All Music
  15. ^ "Jorge Rossy". www.crisscrossjazz.com.
  16. ^ National Geographic World Music site
  17. ^ "Perico Sambeat's website".
  18. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  19. ^ Biography Apoloybaco