Spring Street

Parliament House on Spring Street, looking east
Spring Street, Melbourne is located in Melbourne
Spring Street
Spring Street
General information
Length850 m (0.5 mi)
Major junctions
North end Victoria Street
Melbourne CBD
South end Flinders Street
Melbourne CBD
LGA(s)City of Melbourne
Suburb(s)Melbourne CBD

Spring Street is a major street in the Melbourne central business district, Australia. It runs roughly north-south and is the easternmost street in the original 1837 Hoddle Grid.[1]

Spring Street is famous as the traditional seat of the Government of Victoria, as well as being central to many of the state's major cultural institutions. The street's name is frequently used as a metonym to refer to the state's bureaucracy.[2] Spring Street is also notable for its impressive Victorian architecture, including Parliament House, the Old Treasury Building, the Windsor Hotel (also known as Duchess of Spring Street)[3] and the Princess Theatre.

There are multiple theories regarding the etymology of the street's name. Some think it is named after Baron Thomas Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Lord Melbourne.[4] Another theory is that the name is due to the golden wattle trees being in full bloom during Richard Bourke's visit.[5] The most plausable reason for the name is more simple than that. Spring is a relatively common street name in English-speaking countries and usually chosen for a street due to its proximity to water, or having a slope or rise in terrain.


The street runs from Flinders Street in the south to Victoria Street and the Carlton Gardens in the north. Nicholson Street branches off from Spring Street, slightly south of its intersection with Lonsdale Street.

Notable buildings

The Old Treasury Building at dusk
Hotel Windsor viewed from Treasury Place
The Princess Theatre

Spring Street has a number of architecturally notable buildings in the style of Renaissance Revival architecture, with many featuring on the Victorian Heritage Register and/or National Trust of Australia. These include:

Victorian Heritage Register

*Also classified by the National Trust

National Trust

Other prominent structures

Parks and gardens

The Tianjin Garden on Spring Street

Spring Street forms the western border of the Treasury Gardens and features multiple gardens and reserves. Gordon Reserve, a small triangle of parkland created in 1863 features heritage listed statues and a fountain which was built and designed by a Pentridge prisoner. [6]

A small Chinese garden, known as the Tianjin Garden, is located at the northern end of Spring Street. It is a symbol of Melbourne's close friendship with its sister city, Tianjin, China.[7] The Tianjin Garden is designed in the classical Chinese style, Tianjin Gardens features two pairs of carved lions, rocks, water, and trees. [8]

The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons also has small public garden in front of iconic the building, complementing the other green spaces in the vicinity of Parliament station. [9]

Statues and monuments

There are several statues of historical figures on Spring Street, such as the Sir Thomas Blamey Statue, in front of the Old Treasury Building, a memorial to Sir William Clarke in the Treasury Gardens, and the Burke and Wills Monument, also in the Treasury Gardens.


Tram tracks, taxis and cars on Spring Street

A number of tram routes run along Spring Street for all or part of its length, including route 35, route 48, route 86 and route 96.

Parliament railway station, connecting to most suburban Melbourne train lines as part of the underground City Loop, lies directly beneath and parallel to Spring Street.


  1. ^ "Melbourne - City of Melbourne". www.melbourne.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  2. ^ Feeling the heat The Age 25 July 2010
  3. ^ Dow, Aisha (10 July 2015). "Windsor Hotel to close, tower plans dumped". The Age. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  4. ^ Royal Historical Society of Victoria. "Melbourne's Streets and Lanes: What's in a Name?" (PDF). History Victoria. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  5. ^ Melbourne, School of Historical Studies, Department of History, The University of. "Street Names - Entry - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". www.emelbourne.net.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Neighbourhood and local parks and reserves - City of Melbourne". www.melbourne.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 10 April 2024.
  7. ^ "About Chinatown | Chinatown Melbourne - Welcome to Chinatown Melbourne". chinatownmelbourne.com.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  8. ^ "About Chinatown". Chinatown Melbourne. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  9. ^ "Neighbourhood and local parks and reserves - City of Melbourne". www.melbourne.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 10 April 2024.

Media related to Spring Street, Melbourne at Wikimedia Commons