The Swarnkar is a Kshatriya Sanatani Caste in India

Swarnkar (alternately, Soni or Sonar) is a hindu suryavanshi and chandravanshi caste in India. The Sonar community works trader of gold or as goldsmiths.[1] The community is primarily Hindu, and found all over India


The term Sonar may derive from the Sanskrit suvarna kār, "worker in gold".[2]

The Sonar are still involved in their traditional occupation, that is being goldsmiths. There is however a steady process in taking up other occupations, and the community in Haryana and Punjab as whole is fairly successful, having produced several professionals.[3]


The Sonars are divided into a large number of territorial and non-territorial groupings called alla. Some of the major alla are the Jhankhad, Santanpuriya, Lal sultaniya, Dekhalantiya, Mundaha, Bhigahiya, Parajiya, Samuhiya, Chilliya, Katiliya Kalidarwa, Naubastwal, Berehele, Gedehiya, Shahpuriya, Mathureke Paliya, Katkaria and Nimkheriya ,Vaibhaha . Each lineage is associated with a particular area. To which its ancestors belonged to. The Sonar use Soni, Seth, Swarnkar, Shah, Singh, Puri, Bhutani, Sonik, Kapoor, Mehra, Rastogi, Verma,Dem,Saraf etc. as their surnames. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, the community is also known as Soni.[4] In Haryana, the Sonars are often known as Swarnakar, Soni, Suri and Verma, are their common surname.[5] In Punjab and Rajasthan, Mair Rajput community work as goldsmiths.

Sunar in Nepal

The Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal classifies the Sunar (called Sonar in the Nepal census) as a subgroup within the broader social group of Madheshi Other Caste.[6] At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, 64,335 people (0.2% of the population of Nepal) were Sunar. The frequency of Sunars by province was as follows:

The frequency of Sunars was higher than national average (0.2%) in the following districts:[7]

Famous Sunar Personality

See also


  1. ^ People of Tiben: Lhasa (Volume XLII) edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 1500 to 150
  2. ^ R.V. Russell (October 1995). The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India. Vol. IV. Published Under the Orders of the Central Provinces Administration, Macmillan and Co., Limited St. Martin's Street, London. 1916. p. 517. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  3. ^ People of India: Haryana (Volume XXIII) edited by M.L Sharma and A.K Bhatia pages 475 to 479 Manohar Books
  4. ^ People of India: Uttar Pradesh (Volume XLII) edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 1500
  5. ^ People of India: Haryana (Volume XXIII) edited by M.L Sharma and A.K Bhatia page 475 Manohar Books
  6. ^ Population Monograph of Nepal, Volume II [1]
  7. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, District Level Detail Report
  8. ^

Further reading