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Syed Qaim Ali Shah
سید قائم علی شاہ
17th Chief Minister of Sindh
In office
30 May 2013 – 25 July 2016
PresidentMamnoon Hussain
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
GovernorIshrat-ul-Ibad Khan
Preceded byZahid Qurban Alvi
Succeeded bySyed Murad Ali Shah
In office
6 April 2008 – 20 March 2013
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
Prime MinisterYusuf Raza Gillani
Raja Parvez Ashraf
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
GovernorIshrat-ul-Ibad Khan
Preceded byAbdul Qadir Halepota
Succeeded byZahid Qurban Alvi
In office
2 December 1988 – 25 February 1990
PresidentGhulam Ishaq Khan
Prime MinisterBenazir Bhutto
GovernorQadeeruddin Ahmed
Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim
Preceded byAkhtar Ali Ghulam Qazi
Succeeded byAftab Shaban Mirani
Member of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh
In office
13 August 2018 – 11 August 2023
ConstituencyPS-26 Khairpur-I
In office
ConstituencyPS-29 (Khairpur-I)
In office
ConstituencyPS-29 (Khairpur-I)
Personal details
Born (1928-09-13) 13 September 1928 (age 95)[1][2]
Khairpur, British India
Political partyPPP (2008-present)
ChildrenNafisa Shah (daughter)

Syed Qaim Daim Ali Shah (Sindhi: سيد قائم علي شاه ,Urdu: سید قائم علی شاہ) is a Pakistani politician who served as the elected Chief Minister of Sindh for three terms. His last two terms combined, a total of eight years, makes him the longest serving Chief Minister of Sindh.[3] He is Sindh President of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and was an elected Member of Provincial Assembly (MPA) from PS-220 (Khairpur-1).[4][5]


Syed Qaim Ali Shah was born on 13 September 1928/1930/1933 [1] to Syed Ramzan Ali Shah Jillani in Khairpur Mirs.[1] Shah's household was counted amongst Khayrpur state's more influential and educated families. After completing his early education at Naz High School, Shah's family married young Shah to a relative. Shah then proceeded to Karachi for higher education.

In Karachi, Shah enrolled at Karachi University and received a Bachelor of Arts. Later, he received a Bachelor of Laws from S. M. Law College.[6]

During the course of his studies at Sindh Muslim Law College, Shah benefited from the company and guidance of his then professor, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, building a bond that would last for the duration of his professor's life.[7]

Political career

Shah entered politics on being elected the Chairman of Khairpur's district council under Field Marshal Ayub Khan’s system of Basic Democracy in the 1960s.[5] His close association with Bhutto led to his joining Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s PPP shortly after PPP’s creation in 1967.

He contested general elections of 1970 with a PPP-ticket from Khairpur Mirs and defeated his opponents, Comrade Syed Baqir Ali Shah (provincial president of National Awami Party (Wali) and Council Member of Communist Party of Pakistan) and Syed Ghous Ali Shah. Recognizing young Shah's capability, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto appointed Qaim Ali Shah to his small cabinet as the Federal Minister for Industries and Kashmir Affairs.

After General Zia-ul-Haq's coup d'état in July 1977, Shah was arrested along with Bhutto and other cabinet ministers. Unlike other PPP bigwigs such as Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, Ghulam Mustafa Khar, Makhdoom Khaliq-uz-Zaman, Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani, who either left the party or became inactive, Qaim Ali Shah remained loyal to the party.[8] During the eleven years of Gen. Zia-ul-Haq’s rule, Shah, and members of his family suffered imprisonment, torture, virtual poverty (as accounts and lands were seized), and constant fear. Most notably, Shah’s politically active nephew, Syed Pervez Ali Shah attained ‘Prisoner of Conscience’ status in Amnesty International's 1985 report for enduring six years of torture in General Zia's torture cells. Benazir Bhutto's autobiography, Daughter of the East, records Parvez's ordeal in greater detail.[9]

With General Zia's death and Benazir Bhutto’s return to the country, Shah was appointed the president of PPP-Sindh in recognition of his services to the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD) and PPP. His landslide victory in the 1988 elections from his constituency, Khairpur Mirs, paved way for his appointment as the 17th Chief Minister of Sindh on 2 December 1988.

Subsequently, Shah was elected as a Member of Provincial Assembly (MPA), Sindh in 1990, 1993, 2002 and 2008. He lost the only election of his career in 1997 when the PPP was nearly routed from parliament. Later, he made a bid for a senate seat, and won his first and only senate term in late 1997.[10]

He won seven out of eight general elections he contested, becoming a MPA six times, and Member of National Assembly (MNA) and senator once. Shah completed his 2nd term as Chief Minister of Sindh on 21 March 2013.[11]

He was once again, for the third time, elected to the office of Chief Minister of Sindh after the 2013 general elections. In July 2016, the PPP leadership decided to replace Shah with Syed Murad Ali Shah as CM Sindh.[12][13]

Personal life

Shah has had three wives. His first marriage was arranged by his family during his teenage years to a cousin. After Shah completed his education in Karachi, his family, in accordance with the customs of the day, arranged his second marriage to Husn Afroze Brohi, sister of A. K. Brohi. Neither of his wives outlived him. Husn Afroze suffered from breast cancer and died in the late 1970s and Shah's first wife died from terminal illness a few years later. After several years as a widower, Shah contracted his marriage to his current wife according to the wishes of his family and friends.

Syed Qaim Ali Shah has four sons and seven daughters.[8] Politician Nafisa Shah is his daughter from his marriage to Husn Afroze.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Qaim Ali Shah, Provincial Assembly Profile". Provincial Assembly of Sindh (
  2. ^ "Age is just a number: I am still young, insists 85-year-old Qaim Ali Shah – The Express Tribune". 24 May 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  3. ^ Hussain, Zahid (27 July 2016). "Change of guard in Sindh". Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Syed Murad Ali Shah takes oath as new Sindh CM – Pakistan – Dunya News". Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b CM Sindh Official Website
  6. ^ "Here's how Qaim Ali Shah manages to stay fit". The News International. 10 December 2019.
  7. ^ SM Law College Honour Roll "S.M. Law College". Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  8. ^ a b Dawn Profile
  9. ^ Bhutto, Benazir (1989). Daughter of the East. Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 978-0-241-12398-0.
  10. ^ "Senate of Pakistan".
  11. ^ CM Sindh Profile
  12. ^ "Forever Qaim". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Syed Murad Ali Shah will be new Sindh CM". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
Political offices Chief Minister of Sindh Preceded byAkhtar Ali Kazi 1st term 2 December 1988 – 25 February 1990 Succeeded byAftab Shaban Mirani Preceded byAbdul Qadir Halepoto 2nd term 6 April 2008 – 20 March 2013 Succeeded byZahid Qurban Alvi Preceded byZahid Qurban Alvi 3rd term 30 May 2013 Succeeded bySyed Murad Ali Shah