Tamworth
National Rail
Tamworth railway station MMB 14 390XXX.jpg
Tamworth Station looking westbound on the West Coast Main Line
General information
LocationTamworth, Borough of Tamworth
England
Coordinates52°38′15″N 1°41′13″W / 52.6374°N 1.6869°W / 52.6374; -1.6869Coordinates: 52°38′15″N 1°41′13″W / 52.6374°N 1.6869°W / 52.6374; -1.6869
Grid referenceSK213044
Managed byLondon Northwestern Railway
Platforms4
Other information
Station codeTAM
ClassificationDfT category C2
History
Opened12 August 1839 (1839-08-12)
Original companyBirmingham and Derby Junction Railway
Pre-groupingMidland Railway and London and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
Key dates
1847New joint station buildings erected
1909Station jointly staffed by the MR and LNWR
1961Station rebuilt
Passengers
2016/17Increase 1.199 million
2017/18Increase 1.223 million
2018/19Increase 1.279 million
 Interchange 0.336 million
2019/20Decrease 1.271 million
 Interchange Increase 0.393 million
2020/21Decrease 0.234 million
 Interchange Decrease 43,012
Location
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Tamworth is a split-level railway station which serves the town of Tamworth in Staffordshire, England. It is an interchange between two main lines; the Cross Country Route and the Trent Valley section of the West Coast Main Line (WCML). It has four platforms: Two low-level platforms (1 and 2) on the WCML, and two high level platforms (3 and 4) served by the Cross Country Route. Historically there were chords connecting the two lines, but there is no longer any rail connection between them.

History

The original station was opened on 12 August 1839[1] by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway, a forerunner of the Midland Railway, on its original route from Derby to Hampton-in-Arden meeting the London and Birmingham Railway for London. Later, in 1842, the B&DJ built a branch to Birmingham, terminating at Lawley Street railway station.

From the Illustrated London News, 4 December 1847
From the Illustrated London News, 4 December 1847
Tamworth high level platforms, looking north.
Tamworth high level platforms, looking north.

On 26 June 1847 the London and North Western Railway opened its Trent Valley Line[2] passing at a right angle beneath the original Birmingham and Derby line with a new joint station designed by John William Livock.[3]

The joint station did not acquire the "High Level" and "Low Level" names until 1924.[4] Since it was expected that only local trains would call, the low level platforms were on loops, with the running lines left clear for expresses. At that time there was a north to west curve linking the, by then, Midland Railway line with the LNWR line. This curve was opened in 1847, and closed in March 1969.[5]

A north to east curve was also constructed, however it's unclear whether this chord was ever completed, let alone used. It appeared to have been built by the Midland Railway in around 1866, and track was laid on it, but for unknown reasons the junction to the Trent Valley Line appears to have never been completed. Some sources state that the tracks were lifted in 1878, certainly it was listed on maps as being dismantled by 1901.[6]

Since Tamworth was the crossing of two major lines – one Bristol to Newcastle, the other Euston to Aberdeen – it was an important transfer station for the Royal Mail, with upwards of 2,000 bags of mail being transferred between the two lines every night by the 1950s. Mail lifts were provided between the low and high level lines to facilitate the transfer.[6]

There was a large water tower and pumping station at the east end of the low level, pumping water from the River Anker below.[5]

The original station was demolished in 1961 and a new station, built in functional style was designed by the architects for the London Midland Region of British Railways, Maurice Wheeler, E.G. Girdlestone and J.B. Sanders.[7] The rebuilt station opened in 1962 and at the same time the Trent Valley Line was electrified, requiring the High level line and platforms to be raised by two feet.[8]

Accidents and incidents

Main article: Tamworth rail crash

Layout

There are four platforms:

Facilities

Main building at Tamworth station
Main building at Tamworth station

The main buildings are adjacent to platform 1 and incorporate a ticket office (manned seven days per week – 06:10 to 20:00 Mondays to Saturdays and 09:45 – 16:15 Sundays), customer service enquiry counter, photo booth, toilets, post box and a coffee shop. Two self-service ticket machines are sited on the station frontage for use when the ticket office is closed. Platform 2 only has a waiting shelter, whilst both high level platforms have waiting rooms. Train running information is provided via automatic announcements, CIS displays and timetable poster boards.

Both low-level platforms are directly linked with both high-level platforms by staircases (4 in total). All platforms are fully accessible for disabled passengers, as the two levels are also linked by lifts (3 in total).[10] There is, however, no direct lift between platforms 2 and 3; step-free access between these platforms is only via platforms 4 and 1.[10]

Services

Class 350
Class 350 at the Low Level platforms
Class 221
Class 221 at the High Level platforms

Low level

West Midlands Trains

West Midlands Trains operating under the London Northwestern branding, operates a regular Monday to Sunday semi-fast hourly service between London and Crewe via Stafford which calls at Tamworth. This service uses Class 350 multiple units. Some peak services start or terminate at Northampton.[11]

Avanti West Coast

Avanti West Coast provide additional services during the peak hours and weekends.[12] Westbound, there are:

Eastbound, there are:

All Avanti West Coast services are operated by Class 390 Pendolinos.


High level

On this Route all trains are served by CrossCountry and operated by Class 170, 220s, 221s and HST sets.

Northbound, the typical Monday-Saturday frequency of services is as follows:

On Sundays this is reduced to 1 train per hour to Nottingham and 1 train per 2 hours to Glasgow.

Southbound, the typical Monday-Saturday frequency of services is as follows:


On Sundays the hourly service to Birmingham does not operate.


There is also a small number of trains between Newcastle and Reading or Southampton Central which stop at Tamworth.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway". Aris’s Birmingham Gazette. British Newspaper Archive. 12 August 1839. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Private Opening of the Trent Valley Railway". Derby Mercury. British Newspaper Archive. 30 June 1847. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  3. ^ "The Trent Valley Railway". Illustrated London News. England. 4 December 1847. Retrieved 9 March 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ "Railway Stations. Alterations in Names of Tamworth Stations". Tamworth Herald. British Newspaper Archive. 17 May 1924. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b Mitchall, Vic &, Smith, Keith (2011). Rugby to Stafford: The Trent Valley Line. Middleton Press. ISBN 978-1-908174-07-9.
  6. ^ a b "Tamworth Low Level Station". Warwickshire Railways. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ Lawrence, David (2018). British Rail Architecture 1948-97. Crecy Publishing Ltd. p. 106. ISBN 9780860936855.
  8. ^ Pixton, B., (2005) Birmingham-Derby: Portrait of a Famous Route, Runpast Publishing
  9. ^ Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. pp. 38–39. ISBN 0-7110-1929-0.
  10. ^ a b Tamworth station facilities National Rail Enquiries
  11. ^ GB eNRT May 2017 Edition, Table 67
  12. ^ GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Table 65
  13. ^ GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Tables 51 & 57



Preceding station
National Rail
National Rail
Following station
Wilnecote   CrossCountry
Cardiff – Nottingham
  Burton on Trent
Birmingham New Street   CrossCountry
South West – North East
  Derby
Atherstone   London Northwestern Railway
London-Crewe
  Lichfield Trent Valley
London Northwestern Railway
Northampton-Crewe
Limited Service
Nuneaton   Avanti West Coast
London-Manchester/Liverpool/Crewe
  Lichfield Trent Valley
London Euston   Avanti West Coast
London-Glasgow
  Lichfield Trent Valley
London Euston or
Rugby
  Avanti West Coast
London-North West
  Lichfield Trent Valley
  Historical railways  
Wilnecote
Line and station open
  Midland Railway
Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway
  Elford
Line open, station closed