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Tesla Cybertruck
Overview
ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
Also called
Designer
Body and chassis
Class
Body stylepolygonal[6]
LayoutRear motor, rear-wheel drive
Dual- or tri-motor, all-wheel drive
Platform
  • Tesla in-house
RelatedTesla Model X
Dimensions
Wheelbase149.9 in (3,807 mm)[7]
Length231.7 in (5,885 mm)[8]
Width79.8 in (2,027 mm)
Height75 in (1,905 mm)

Tesla Cybertruck is an all-electric battery-powered light commercial vehicle in development by Tesla, Inc. Three models have been announced, with range estimates of 250–500 miles (400–800 km) and an estimated 0–60 mph time of 6.5–2.9 seconds, depending on the model.[9]

The stated goal of Tesla in developing Cybertruck is to provide a sustainable energy substitute for the roughly 6,500 fossil fuel powered trucks sold per day in the US.[9][10][11]

The base price of the rear-wheel drive model of the vehicle will be $39,900, with all-wheel drive models starting at $49,900.[12][13]

Features

The truck will use self-leveling suspension which compensates for variable load and some models will have all-wheel drive.[14] Other standard features include on-board power inverters for supplying both 120 and 240-Volt electricity, allowing use of power tools without a portable generator.[15] An air compressor for powering pneumatic tools is included.[16] The exterior is also bullet-resistant against 9 mm caliber bullets.[17][18] All vehicles will also come standard with Tesla Autopilot, and will have the hardware capabilities for fully autonomous operation.[19] As of November 2019, Tesla is accepting pre-orders for $100 with a $7,000 'full self-driving' option.[20]

Range of the Cybertruck varies from 250–500 miles (400–800 km), depending on configuration selections.

Interior

The interior of the prototype unveiled on 21 November 2019 includes a 17-inch center display, seating for 6 using two bench seats with the front middle seat being a fold-down center arm rest, a digital rear-view camera based mirror, a race car style steering yoke, and a marble looking dashboard [21] The "marble look" dashboard of the unveil prototype vehicle was a paper composite material made from "paper, wood-based fibers, natural wood pigments and non-petroleum based resins."[22]

Timeline

In 2012[23] and 2013 Elon Musk discussed the desire to build a truck with load-compensating suspension, making comparisons with a Ford F-250.[24][25] In early-2014 Musk predicted 4–5 years before work could start on the product.[26]

In mid-2016, Musk outlined the intent for a new kind of consumer pickup truck,[27] and suggested using the same chassis for a van and a pickup truck.[28] In late-2017, the size was estimated to be at least that of a Ford F-150, in order to be large enough to enable a "game-changing" feature.[29] During the Tesla Semi and Tesla Roadster unveiling in November 2017, a picture of a "pickup truck that can carry a pickup truck" was displayed.[30] Background ideas had been in preparation for nearly five years.[31]

In 2018 Musk speculated on the possibility of a tail lift allowing easier access to ground-level, designed using a four-bar linkage.[32] As of late-2018, Tesla was working on two approaches for the van project: either using a bare-bones Mercedes-Benz Sprinter glider chassis, with Tesla then adding electric transmission, battery and electronics;[33] or alternatively designing and manufacturing the complete vehicle to a Tesla design, requiring more time.[33] At that time Musk anticipated a prototype to be ready to show in 2019.[34]

In February 2019, the CEO of Daimler Dieter Zetsche stated that talks with Tesla had been initiated via Jerome Guillen, and were on-going.[35]

In March 2019, following the Tesla Model Y launch, Elon Musk distributed a teaser image of a vehicle described as having a cyberpunk or Blade Runner style,[36] with the form resembling a futuristic armoured personnel carrier.[37][17][38]

In mid-2019, the towing capacity of the vehicle was stated to meet or exceed a Ford F-150.[39] Musk noted plans for an amphibious vehicle based partly on Wet Nellie, the submarine car from the film The Spy Who Loved Me.[40][41] Musk had purchased a Wet Nellie used in the filming at a 2013 Sotheby's auction.[42]

Design

The Cybertruck uses unibody construction (termed an "exoskeleton" for marketing purposes[according to whom?]) like most passenger cars, rather than the body-on-frame construction which is typical of trucks, as a standard vehicle frame would conflict with the under-floor battery pack.[43] It uses unusually thick 3 mm (18 in) 30x-series stainless steel body panels, which cannot be stamped[44] like conventional automobile parts.[45] The panels can only be bent along straight lines, resulting in a very distinctive faceted design which has been called "low-poly" or likened to origami.[17][18]

Specifications

The powertrain is similar to the Model S/X, with an inductive rear motor and the Model 3's permanent-magnet in front for the medium model.[45] Other versions are single-motor rear wheel drive, or tri-motor with one front and two rear motors.[46]

Similarly to Tesla's other vehicle offerings, customers can pre-order the Full Self Driving software upgrade, adding an additional $7,000 to the price of the configuration.[9][46]

Tesla Cybertruck model specifications[9]
Model Range (EPA est.) 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) Top Speed Payload Towing capacity Price (USD)
Single Motor RWD ≥ 250 miles (400 km) < 6.5 seconds 110 mph (175 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 7,500 lb (3,400 kg) $39,900
Dual Motor AWD ≥ 300 miles (480 km) < 4.5 seconds 120 mph (195 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 10,000 lb (4,550 kg) $49,900
Tri Motor AWD ≥ 500 miles (800 km) < 2.9 seconds 130 mph (210 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) $69,900

All specifications will have 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3) of storage space, and a 6.5-foot-long (2.0 m) cargo area. As on off-road vehicle, 16 inches (40 cm) of ground clearance is provided, with a 35 degree approach angle, and 28 degree departure angle.[9]

Unveiling

Planning

In response to queries for an unveiling date,[47] on 27 July 2019 Musk stated "We're close, but the magic is in the final details. Maybe 2 to 3 months", indicating late-2019.[48] The unveiling was scheduled for 21 November 2019 at the Tesla Design Studio, next to SpaceX headquarters in Los Angeles—the same month, year and location as Blade Runner is set in.[49][50][51][52]

Presentation

During the presentation, Musk demonstrated the durability of the vehicle and its materials. Despite successful drop tests conducted on a pane of the specialized 'Tesla armor glass' and a successful pre-show test where a steel ball was thrown at the windows of the truck itself by chief of design Franz von Holzhausen with apparently no damage,[53] the windows were damaged when Holzhausen repeated the test during the show. Musk jokingly exclaimed that "the ball didn't make it through" and "we'll fix it in post" after the unexpected outcomes.[54] He later explained that the windows were damaged because the sledgehammer's impact on the door cracked the base of the glass.[55]

Before ending the presentation, a Tesla-designed electric ATV was driven onto the stage, which was then loaded onto the bed of the truck using built-in ramps in the tailgate. The ATV rider proceeded to plug in the vehicle into the Cybertruck's onboard power outlet to charge the ATV.

Reactions

The Cybertruck unveiling event was covered heavily by traditional media and online blogs/social media. In social media, many commentators expressed dislike of the sharp contours and unusual exterior of the Cybertruck.[56]

Tesla, Inc. stock was down 6% following the Cybertruck announcement.[57] Some news houses like BBC reported that the fall was simply as a result of the turnout of events during the unveiling on 21 November 2019.[citation needed]

On 23 November 2019, Elon Musk tweeted that Tesla had received 146,000 pre-orders in the first 1.5 days after the unveiling—each requiring a US$100 refundable deposit—with 42% choosing the dual-motor configuration, 41% choosing the tri-motor configuration, and 17% choosing the single-motor configuration.[58] On 25 November 2019, this number rose to over 200,000.[59]

The Cybertruck hit the headlines and resulted in 14 thousand comments and 619 thousand likes on Twitter for pulling a competitor vehicle, the Ford F-150, uphill in a tug of war style event. [60]

Production

Tesla Cybertruck production is scheduled to start in late 2021 and expand to offer more configurations in 2022.[61]

Market Potential

In the United States, the total addressable market for full-sized pickup trucks is over two million vehicles per year.[62] It has been argued that the Cybertruck will be able to take advantage of the Tesla Networks to generate an income stream,[63] as the latter were to become available.[64]

References

  1. ^ Cybertruck, filed 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ Cybrtrk, filed 6 November 2019.
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  4. ^ Lorenzo, Lorraine (4 November 2019). "Tesla Pickup Design Shocker: Is All-Black Render Close To The Real Deal?". International Business Times.
  5. ^ Panait, Mircea (29 October 2019). "Tesla Model Zero Envisioned By Cyberpunk Pickup Truck Designer Sahm Jafari". Auto Evolution.
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  11. ^ Musk, Elon (5 November 2018). "Elon Musk: The Recode interview". Recode (Interview). Interviewed by Kara Swisher – via Vox. personally most excited about the pickup truck. … futuristic-like cyberpunk, "Blade Runner" pickup truck. … don't know if a lot of people will buy this pickup truck or not, but I don't care. … We wanna get gasoline, diesel pickup trucks off the road. … it's the thing that I am personally most fired up about
  12. ^ Musk, Elon (29 May 2019). "Episode 200: My Elon Musk Interview" (offset 51:02) (Interview). Ride the Lightning. Interviewed by Ryan McCaffrey. Tesla Headquarters, Palo Alto, California. we don't want it to be really expensive, … it's got to start at less than $50,000 dollars, it's got to be like $49,000 dollars starting price, max … ideally less … it has got to be something that is affordable … you've got to be able to get a really great truck for $49,000 dollars, or less, … it's going to have incredible functionality, from a load-carrying standpoint, look amazing, … but it won't look like a normal truck … it's going to look pretty sci-fi, … not going to be for everyone, if somebody just wants to have a truck that looks like trucks have looked for the last twenty years, thirty or forty years, then this truck probably isn't for them, going to be a truck that is more capable than other trucks … it'll be a better truck than an equivalent … better truck than an F-150 in terms of truck-like functionality, be better sports car than a standard 911 … [the teaser image] is the front … like a Bladerunner truck
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  30. ^ Musk, Elon. Tesla Semi & Roadster Unveil. Tesla, Inc. – via Youtube. For interests sake we created a pickup truck version of the Tesla Semi. It's a pickup truck that can carry a pickup truck. By the way, you can legally drive that—it shouldn't be legal, but…—you'll be able to legally drive that with a normal driver's license. It's kind of wrong, but I like it.
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  32. ^ Lua error in Module:TwitterSnowflake at line 48: attempt to index local 'x' (a nil value).
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  40. ^ Musk, Elon (11 June 2019). Tesla Annual Shareholders Meeting. [Musk] a car that can go in the water basically? [Questioner] On, or under, or both, the water? [Musk] It's funny you should mention that … if you make it a big bigger then you can actually have a submarine car. It's like technically possible. I think the market for this will be small; small but enthusiastic. So… we do actually have a design for a submarine car.
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  45. ^ a b Reynolds, Kim (22 November 2019). "How Tesla's Cybertruck Turns Auto Manufacturing and Engineering Upside-Down". Motor Trend. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. The plusses for a folded stainless steel, origami truck are compelling: no paint shop and no expensive tooling. No Godzilla-scale stamping machines stomping it with multiple strikes. groove the steel where it's supposed to fold (avoiding cracks) and bend it on simple, cheap machines
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  49. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (9 October 2019). "No change" (Tweet) – via Twitter. ((Cite tweet)): |date= / |number= mismatch (help)
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Further reading