The Marquess of Bath
Marquess of Bath Vanity Fair 1896-04-23.jpg
"Frome". Lord Bath as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, April 1896.
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
20 January 1905 – 4 December 1905
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterArthur Balfour
Preceded byEarl Percy
Succeeded byJohn Ellis
Master of the Horse
In office
20 November 1922 – 22 January 1924
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterBonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded byThe Earl of Chesterfield
Succeeded byThe Earl of Granard
Personal details
Born15 July 1862 (1862-07-15)
The Stable Yard, St James's, London
Died9 June 1946 (1946-06-10) (aged 83)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Violet Mordaunt
(1869–1928)
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC JP (15 July 1862 – 9 June 1946), styled Viscount Weymouth until 1896, was a British landowner and Conservative politician. He held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for India in 1905 and Master of the Horse between 1922 and 1924. He was also involved in local politics and served as Chairman of Wiltshire County Council between 1906 and his death in 1946.

Background and education

Known from birth by the courtesy title of Viscount Weymouth, he was born at the Stable Yard, St James's, Westminster, the eldest son of John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath, by the Honourable Frances Isabella Catherine Vesey, a daughter of Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford,[1] where he graduated BA in 1886, in 1888 promoted by seniority to MA.[2]

Political career

Lord Weymouth sat as Member of Parliament for Frome between 1886 and 1892 and from 1895 to 1896, when he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.[3] He served under Arthur Balfour as Under-Secretary of State for India between January and December 1905. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Somerset in 1904 and Chairman of Wiltshire County Council in 1906, and held both posts simultaneously until his death in 1946.[4]

Lord Bath was made a Knight of the Garter in 1917.[5] He returned to the government in 1922, when Bonar Law appointed him Master of the Horse.[6] He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time.[7] He continued in this office until the Conservative government fell in January 1924, the last year under the premiership of Stanley Baldwin.[8]

Lord Bath was also a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry and an Honorary Colonel of that regiment and of the 4th Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry. In 1937 he was appointed Pro-Chancellor of Bristol University.[8]

Family

A house party at Witley Court in the late 1880s, the 5th Marquess of Bath seated 5th from right, next to Violet Mordaunt (daughter of Harriet Mordaunt) whom he later married
A house party at Witley Court in the late 1880s, the 5th Marquess of Bath seated 5th from right, next to Violet Mordaunt (daughter of Harriet Mordaunt) whom he later married
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

On 19 April 1890, Lord Bath married Violet Caroline Mordaunt, daughter of Harriet, Lady Mordaunt. At the time of Violet's birth her mother had been the wife of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 10th Baronet, but she was said to be the illegitimate daughter of Viscount Cole, who was later co-respondent in a divorce action.[9] They had five children:

The Marchioness of Bath died in May 1928, aged 59. Lord Bath paid for the construction of a village hall at Horningsham, near the family seat at Longleat, as a memorial to her.[13] He remained a widower until his death in June 1946, aged 83. He was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Henry.[8]

References

  1. ^ "The Fifth Marquess of Bath's Coat". Hormets. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Thynne, Sir Thomas Henry 5th Marquess of Bath". Granger & Musgrove Family History. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Viscount Weymouth". Hansard. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Lieut.-Col. Sir Thomas Henry Thynne 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC (I9944)". Stanford University. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  5. ^ "No. 29986". The London Gazette. 16 March 1917. p. 2627.
  6. ^ "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8702.
  7. ^ "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8689.
  8. ^ a b c "Bath, Marquess of (GB, 1789)". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  9. ^ Daily Telegraph, 3 October 2001 & 16 January 2002.
  10. ^ Thynne, John Alexander, cwgc.org
  11. ^ "Royal Bridesmaid's Wedding 1927". British Pathe News.
  12. ^ "The Queen Mother in pictures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Horningsham Village Hall". Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  14. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p. 243
  15. ^ a b c Woodfall, H. (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time, Volume 6. p. 258.
  16. ^ a b Lee, Sidney; Edwards, A. S. G. (revised) (2004). "Thynne, William (d. 1546)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27426. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  17. ^ Girouard, Mark, Thynne, Sir John (1515–1580), estate manager and builder of Longleat in Oxford Dictionary of Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  18. ^ Booth, Muriel. "Thynne, John (?1550–1604), of Longleat, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  19. ^ Lancaster, Henry; Thrush, Andrew. "Thynne, Charles (c.1568–1652), of Cheddar, Som". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  20. ^ Pugh, R. B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1957). "Parliamentary history: 1529–1629". A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 5. British History Online. London: Victoria County History.
  21. ^ Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir James (c.1605-70), of Longbridge Deverill, Wilts". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  22. ^ Helms, M. W.; Ferris, John P. "Thynne, Sir Thomas (c.1610–c.69), of Richmond, Surr". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  23. ^ Marshall, Alan (2008) [2004]. "Thynne, Thomas [nicknamed Tom of Ten Thousand] (1647/8–1682)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27423. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  24. ^ Heath-Caldwell, J. J. "Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, 3rd Viscount Weymouth". JJ Heath-Caldwell. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  25. ^ Hayton, D. W. "Thynne, Hon. Henry (1675-1708)". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  26. ^ Dunaway, Stewart (2013). Lord John Carteret, Earl Granville: His Life History and the Granville Grants. Lulu. p. 33. ISBN 9781300878070.
  27. ^ "Bath, Thomas Thynne". Encyclopedia Britannica 1911. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  28. ^ Thorne, Roland. "Carteret [formerly Thynne], Henry Frederick". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath (1765–1837)". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  30. ^ Escott, Margaret. "Thynne, Lord Henry Frederick (1797-1837), of 6 Grovesnor Square, Mdx". History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  31. ^ "John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath (1831-1896), Diplomat and landowner". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byLawrence James Baker Member of Parliament for Frome 18861892 Succeeded byJohn Barlow Preceded byJohn Barlow Member of Parliament for Frome 1895–1896 Succeeded byJohn Barlow Political offices Preceded byEarl Percy Under-Secretary of State for India January–December 1905 Succeeded byJohn Ellis Preceded byThe Earl of Chesterfield Master of the Horse 1922–1924 Succeeded byThe Earl of Granard Honorary titles Preceded byThe Earl of Cork Lord Lieutenant of Somerset 1904–1946 Succeeded bySir James Somerville Peerage of Great Britain Preceded byJohn Thynne Marquess of Bath 1896–1946 Succeeded byHenry Thynne