Trail mix
Trail mix made with peanuts, raisins and M&M's
Alternative namesGorp, scroggin, schmogle
Place of originUnited States
Main ingredientsDried fruit, grains, nuts, sometimes chocolate
Planters-brand trail mix
Studentenfutter (student fodder)

Trail mix is a type of snack mix, typically a combination of granola, dried fruit, nuts, and sometimes candy, developed as a food to be taken along on hikes. Trail mix is a popular snack food for hikes, because it is lightweight, easy to store, and nutritious, providing a quick energy boost from the carbohydrates in the dried fruit or granola, and sustained energy from fat in nuts.

The combination of nuts, raisins and chocolate as a trail snack, dates at least to the 1910s, when outdoorsman Horace Kephart recommended it in his popular camping guide.[1]

Other names

In New Zealand, trail mix is known as scroggin or schmogle.[2] In Australia, the term "scroggin" is used almost exclusively, although in more recent years, "trail mix" has been imported into the jargon from the US. Some claim that the name stands for sultanas, carob, raisins, orange peel, grains, glucose, and nuts or alternatively sultanas, chocolate, raisins and other goody-goodies including nuts; but this may be a backronym.[3]

The American term gorp is often used by campers and hikers in North America. Most recognize gorp to be an acronym for its four main ingredients, "granola, oats, raisins, and peanuts." Some claim it's an acronym for "good ol' raisins and peanuts."[4] The Oxford English Dictionary cites a 1913 reference to the verb gorp, meaning "to eat greedily," so the acronyms may be folk etymology or backronyms.

In Germany, Poland, Hungary, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, and several other European countries, trail mix is called student fodder, student oats or student mix in the local languages. It usually does not include chocolate.


Common ingredients may include:

Popular mixes

There are common trail mix varieties, which are commonly made at home, or can commonly be found pre-mixed in supermarkets by numerous producers.[5][6][7]

See also


  1. ^ Kephart, Horace (1916). The Book of Camping and Woodcraft. The Macmillan Company. p. 196. A handful each of shelled nuts and raisins, with a cake of sweet chocolate, will carry a man far on the trail, or when he has lost it.
  2. ^ Harper, Laura; Mudd, Tony; Whitfield, Paul (2002). Rough guide to New Zealand. Rough Guides. p. 1023. ISBN 1-85828-896-7 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "World Wide Words: Gorp". World Wide Words. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  4. ^ Olver, Lynne. "The Food Timeline-history notes: muffins to yogurt". The Food Timeline. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  5. ^ Hirsch, Mia (October 23, 2017). "The 10 Best Target Trail Mix Options, Ranked". Spoon University. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  6. ^ Pollick, Michael (May 20, 2020). "The best trail mix". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  7. ^ Pierre, Danielle St. (June 2, 2022). "12 Best Trail Mix Snacks of 2018 - Healthy Nut and Fruit Trail Mixes". Best Products. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  8. ^ "Tropical Trail Mix Recipe for a Hawaii Road Trip". Silly America. September 22, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  9. ^ "Mexican Spiced Trail Mix". Mel & Anth. September 18, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  10. ^ "Gluten Free Omega 3 Trail Mix Recipe". Marine Corps Nomads. December 8, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  11. ^ "Omega 3 Trail Mixes for Healthy Snacking". Nature's Garden. February 8, 2021. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  12. ^ "Santa Fe Trail Mix Recipe". September 18, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  13. ^ Sparx, Matt (August 2, 2021). "Here's All the Hatch Chile Flavored Things You Can Get at Sprouts". New Country 99.1. Retrieved July 29, 2022.