UN geoscheme subregions of Asia

The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for Asia, used by the United Nations and maintained by the UNSD department for statistical purposes.[1]

Central Asia

Main article: Central Asia

Eastern Asia

Main article: East Asia

Note on Taiwan

Several institutions and research papers using classification schemes based on the UN geoscheme include Taiwan separately in their divisions of Eastern Asia. (1) The Unicode CLDR's "Territory Containment (UN M.49)" includes Taiwan in its presentation of the UN M.49.[2] (2) The public domain map data set Natural Earth has metadata in the fields named "region_un" and "subregion" for Taiwan. (3)The regional split recommended by Lloyd's of London for Eastern Asia (UN statistical divisions of Eastern Asia) contains Taiwan.[3] (4) Based on the United Nations statistical divisions, the APRICOT (conference) includes Taiwan in East Asia.[4] (5) Studying Website Usability in Asia, Ather Nawaz and Torkil Clemmensen select Asian countries on the basis of United Nations statistical divisions, and Taiwan is also included.[5] (6) Taiwan is also included in the UN Geoscheme of Eastern Asia in one systematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.[6]

Northern Asia

Main article: North Asia

This subregion covers the entire geographical region of Siberia. Since this region as a whole falls under the transcontinental country of Russia, for statistical convenience, Russia is assigned under Eastern Europe by the UNSD, including both European Russia and Asian Russia under a single subregion. Hence there is no geopolitical entity that is currently grouped under Northern Asia.

South-eastern Asia

Main article: Southeast Asia

This subregion covers the geographical regions of Indochinese Peninsula and Malay Archipelago, covering the following geopolitical entities as a whole:

Southern Asia

This subregion covers the geographical regions spanning from the Iranian plateau till the Indian subcontinent, covering the following geopolitical entities as a whole:

Note on South Asia

Main article: South Asia

Southern Asia is not to be confused with South Asia, the former being a geographical subregion in Asia, and the latter usually signifying the geopolitical macroregion encompassing the SAARC countries (excluding Iran of Southern Asia). In the strictest/classical sense, South Asia is a political term which refers to the Indian subcontinent, and often used interchangeably depending on context.[7] This results in the exclusion of Iran and Afghanistan.

Western Asia

This subregion covers the geographical regions spanning from Anatolia, Caucasus, Levant, Mesopotamia till the Arabian Peninsula, covering the following geopolitical entities as a whole:

Note on West Asia

Main article: Western Asia

Western Asia is not to be confused with West Asia (or precisely Southwest Asia), the former being a geographical subregion in Asia, and the latter signifying a geopolitical macroregion consisting of the Middle East and Caucasus countries in Asia (mainly including Iran from the Southern Asian subregion).

See also


  1. ^ United Nations Statistics Division – Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications
  2. ^ "Territory Containment (UN M.49)". unicode-org.github.io.
  3. ^ "Geographical diversification and Solvency II: A proposal by Lloyd's".
  4. ^ "Countries in APRICOT's Region".
  5. ^ Website Usability in Asia 'from Within': An Overview of a Decade of Literature International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, vol. 29, issue 4 (2013), pp. 256–273.
  6. ^ Hodgkins, Paul; Arnold, L. Eugene; Shaw, Monica; Caci, Hervé; Kahle, Jennifer; Woods, Alisa G; Young, Susan (2012). "A Systematic Review of Global Publication Trends Regarding Long-Term Outcomes of ADHD". Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2: 84. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2011.00084. ISSN 1664-0640. PMC 3260478. PMID 22279437.
  7. ^ John McLeod, The history of India, page 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0-313-31459-4; note: McLeod does not include Afghanistan in Indian subcontinent or South Asia;
    Jim Norwine & Alfonso González, The Third World: states of mind and being, pages 209, Taylor & Francis, 1988, ISBN 0-04-910121-8
    Raj S. Bhopal, Ethnicity, race, and health in multicultural societies, pages 33, Oxford University Press, 2007, ISBN 0-19-856817-7;
    Lucian W. Pye & Mary W. Pye, Asian Power and Politics, pages 133, Harvard University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-674-04979-9
    Mark Juergensmeyer, The Oxford handbook of global religions, pages 465, Oxford University Press US, 2006, ISBN 0-19-513798-1
    Sugata Bose & Ayesha Jalal, Modern South Asia, pages 3, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-30787-2