Sea Control Squadron 37
Active1946 (as VA-76E) - March 1, 1995
CountryUnited States of America
BranchUnited States Navy
RoleAnti-Submarine Warfare
Garrison/HQNAS North Island
EquipmentTBM-3S/W Avenger

S-2 Tracker AF-2 Guardian

S-3A/B Viking
EngagementsCold War

Korean War

Vietnam War

Sea Control Squadron 37 or VS-37 also known as the "Sawbucks" was an Anti Submarine Warfare squadron that was decommissioned in 1995 along with CVW-15.[1] During its active history, it flew during the Korean and Vietnam Wars[2] as well as operating the last S-2 Trackers inservice with the US Navy in 1975.[3]

History

Pre VS-37 (1946 - 1953)

VS-37 was established as Attack Reverse Squadron VA-76E in 1946 at NAS Oakland, California (Now Oakland International Airport).[4] The squadron then changed to VC-871 (Composite Squadron) before being changed to Anti Submarine Warfare Squadron 871 or "VS-871".[2] While based at NAS Los Alamitos, the squadron was called to active duty to take part in the Korean War.[4] Between October 28, 1952 and February 9, 1953, the squadron made a deployment to the region with the TBM-3S/W Avenger onboard USS Bataan.[2] The squadron then switched to the USS Badoeng Strait for the rest of their time in the Korean War until May 26, 1953 when they returned home.[2]

VS-37 during the 1950s (1953-1959)

VS-871 changed to the designation of VS-37 on June 24, 1953, flying the Grumman AF-2S/W Guardian. Between 1954 and 55, they deployed on board the USS Princeton CVS-37 in helping the evacuation of Republic of China (Nationalist China) forces fleeing the Tachen Islands.[4] After this, the squadron made three more deployments that decade with the Grumman S2F-1 and S2F-2 Tracker.[2]

An AF-2W of VS-37 in July 1957.
An AF-2W of VS-37 in July 1957.

1960s and 70s

The last S-2G Tracker in VS-37 with an S-3A Viking of VS-21 the red tails.
The last S-2G Tracker in VS-37 with an S-3A Viking of VS-21 the red tails.

Starting in 1960, the squadron made its long association with the USS Hornet CVS-12 that would last until 1969. The following year (1961), the squadron split in two with one part remaining VS-37 while the other becoming VS-35.[4] In 1965, '67 and finally in 1969, the squadron deployed with the Hornet to the Vietnam War[2] as well as taking part in the recovery of the test spaceflight Apollo 3 on August 25, 1966. Between October 1970 and February 1971, VS-37 deployed aboard the USS Ticonderoga (CVS-14), travelling to the Indian Ocean once although they did not deploy to Vietnam during that period. After this, the squadron received the US Navy's first S-2G Tracker[4] and moved to CVW-11 on board the USS Kitty Hawk CV-63. During the 1973-1974 deployment CV-63 entered south Vietnam waters where it received a battle pendent from RVN LTGEN KHANG for prior deployment operations, as well as an extended at sea period in the Indian Ocean that included a visit from the Shah of Iran. The final deployment with the S-2G occurred in 1975.[2] In August 1976, the squadron retired the last US Navy Grumman Tracker,[3] replacing it with the Lockheed S-3A Viking.[4] Between September 1978 and May 1979, they deployed with CVW-9 on board the USS Constellation (CV-64) to the Indian Ocean.[2] This included operating the US-3A COD (Carrier Onboard Delivery) aircraft.[4]

an S-3A Viking of VS-37 assigned to Carrier Air Wing 14 in 1986.
an S-3A Viking of VS-37 assigned to Carrier Air Wing 14 in 1986.

1980s

In 1981, they deployed USS Ranger (CV-61) as part of CVW-2 and USS Enterprise (CVN-65) as part of CVW-11 in late 1982 to 1983.[2] Between February 1985 and May 1990, VS-37 deployed with the USS Constellation again with CVW-14 for six deployments in the West and North Pacific as well as the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf.[2] This included the escorting of US reflagged Kuwaiti tankers in Operation Earnest Will during the Iran-Iraq War in 1987.[4]

1990s (Final Years)

In June 1990, VS-37 deployed with CVW-14 on the USS Independence CV-62. During that deployment, Iraq invaded Kuwait which led to the ship heading to the Persian Gulf as part of Operation Desert Shield. During that time, the squadron helped in enforcing the blockade against Iraq with maritime patrols.[4] On November 1, 1990, the Independence was relieved by the smaller USS Midway CV-41 and her air wing CVW-5[5] allowing the Independence to return home in December 1990.[2]

S-3B Viking of VS-37 as part of CVW-15 in 1992 at NAS North Island.
S-3B Viking of VS-37 as part of CVW-15 in 1992 at NAS North Island.

With CVW-15 changing to the Kitty Hawk from the USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) in 1991,[1] VS-37 moved to back to Kitty Hawk to their new home base of NAS North Island,[4] leaving behind CVW-14 after seven deployments. It was during this time in 1992 that the squadron transitioned to the newer S-3B Viking which had newer systems and capabilities[4] included the ability to fire the AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship cruise missile.[6]

During their last two deployments, they took part in Operation Restore Hope in the war-torn country of Somalia and Operation Southern Watch in Iraq and Kuwait. On the 19th of January 1993, they supported strikes against Iraq in response to an attack by their anti-aircraft defences.[4]

NL700 was not painted as a CAG bird, instead in the squadron standard visibility paint.
The last visibility painted S-3B Viking of VS-37 reflecting the diversity of paint schemes of the squadron in 1992.

The following year, they deployed to the Korean peninsula during the 1994 tensions between North and South Korea over the former's Nuclear Program. During the deployment, their aircraft were involved in a little known incident between the U.S. and P.R.C. when on October 27, a PLAN Han class submarine was detected and was later tracked by their own Vikings.[7] The following day, one of their S-3s joined up with Chinese fighter aircraft which flew around them for around five minutes.[8] The incident then soon ended. At the end of 1994, VS-37 returned from their last ever deployment which was with CVW-15 on the Kitty Hawk. After this on March 1, 1995, VS-37 was disestablished[1] ending 49 years of history.[4]

In Fiction

VS-37 and CVW-15 were both featured in the novel by Joe Weber, 'Honorable Enemies' as being depicted operating from the Kitty Hawk as what happened in early 90s.[9]

Aircraft

References

  1. ^ a b c "CVW-15(NL)". gonavy.jp. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "VS-37". gonavy.jp. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  3. ^ a b "VS-37 Sea Control Squadron THIRTY SEVEN". 2017-05-28. Archived from the original on 2017-05-28. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Naval Aviation News. Chief of Naval Operations. 1996.
  5. ^ "Appendix A: Chronology - November 1990". public1.nhhcaws.local. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  6. ^ "The Lockheed S-3 Viking". www.airvectors.net. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  7. ^ "Faceoff Between U.S. Ship, Chinese Sub Is Revealed : Military: October incident in Yellow Sea highlights growing chance of naval conflict. Beijing sounds warning". Los Angeles Times. 1994-12-14. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
  8. ^ Harris, John F.; Lippman, Thomas W. (1994-12-15). "CHINESE WATCHED AS U.S. NAVY TRACKED SUB". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
  9. ^ Weber, Joe (2016-09-15). The Steve Wickham Boxed Set: DEFCON One, Shadow Flight, Honorable Enemies. Ignition Books®. ISBN 978-1-937868-49-9.