|Time scale(s) used
|ICS Time Scale
|Time span formality
|Lower boundary definition
|Not formally defined
|Lower boundary definition candidates
|FAD of the Calpionellid Calpionellites darderi
|Lower boundary GSSP candidate section(s)
|Upper boundary definition
|FAD of the Ammonite genus Acanthodiscus
|Upper boundary GSSP
|La Charce, Drôme, France
|Upper GSSP ratified
In the geologic timescale, the Valanginian is an age or stage of the Early or Lower Cretaceous. It spans between 139.8 ± 3.0 Ma and 132.6 ± 2.0 Ma (million years ago). The Valanginian Stage succeeds the Berriasian Stage of the Lower Cretaceous and precedes the Hauterivian Stage of the Lower Cretaceous.
The Valanginian was first described and named by Édouard Desor in 1853. It is named after Valangin, a small town north of Neuchâtel in the Jura Mountains of Switzerland.
The base of the Valanginian is at the first appearance of calpionellid species Calpionellites darderi in the stratigraphic column. A global reference section (a GSSP) had in 2009 not yet been appointed.
The top of the Valanginian (the base of the Hauterivian) is at the first appearance of the ammonite genus Acanthodiscus.
The Valanginian is often subdivided in Lower and Upper substages. The Upper substage begins at the first appearance of ammonite species Saynoceras verrucosum and the major marine transgression Va3.
In the Tethys domain, the Valanginian stage contains five ammonite biozones:
The oldest fossils that can definitely be attributed to the clade Angiospermae (flowering plants) are dated to the Late Valanginian.