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SpeedISO 50/18°
TypeColor slide
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in, 13×18 cm, Super 8, 16mm
Third party
GrainRMS 9
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
Velvia 50 (Velvia II)
SpeedISO 50/18°
TypeColor slide
Format35mm, 120, 220*, 4×5 in, 8×10 in*, QuickLoad 4×5 in*
GrainRMS 9
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
Velvia 100
RVP 100[1]
Fuji Velvia 100 film cartridge
SpeedISO 100/21°
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in
GrainRMS 8
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
Velvia 100F
RVP 100F[1]
SpeedISO 100/21°
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in, 9×12 cm, 13×18 cm
GrainRMS 8
±½ stop
Discontinued2012 (Eur. NOAM)[5]

Velvia is a brand of daylight-balanced color reversal film produced by the Japanese company Fujifilm. The name is a portmanteau of "Velvet Media", [citation needed] a reference to its smooth image structure. The original incarnation of the film was called "Velvia for Professionals", known as RVP, a classification code meaning "Reversal/Velvia/Professional series". It is known for its extremely high level of color saturation and image quality.

Velvia (RVP[1]) was introduced in 1990[6][7] and quickly became a "must try" film, giving Kodachrome 25 some stiff competition as the industry standard in high-definition color film.[citation needed] It has brighter and generally more accurate color reproduction (though many see its high color saturation as unrealistic), finer grain, twice the speed, and a more convenient process (E-6). Kodachrome 25 fell out of popularity a few years after Velvia was introduced (in part because of Kodak's lack of interest in promoting their film); Kodachrome 64 and 200 followed more slowly. Kodachrome 25 had previously been considered the film to which all other films had been compared, and cannot fairly be compared to Velvia, as Kodachrome is an entirely different process, in which the image is produced with "color clouds" more so than grain.

Velvia has the highest resolving power of any slide film.[8][9] A 35 mm Velvia slide can resolve up to 160 lines per mm.[10]


Velvia has very saturated colors under daylight, high contrast, and exceptional sharpness. These characteristics make it the slide film of choice for many nature photographers.[citation needed]


Velvia (RVP)

The original Velvia (RVP) was an ISO 50 film. In practice, many photographers used an exposure index (EI) of 40 or 32 to increase exposure slightly (one or two thirds of a stop respectively) in order to yield less saturated colors and more shadow detail.[11] It was discontinued in 2008.

Velvia 50

Velvia 50 (RVP50[1]) was reintroduced, on the new film base, in 2007 after announcements under the provisional name Velvia II. The original Velvia (RVP) had been discontinued because of difficulties in obtaining some of the raw materials needed to make the emulsion. Fuji R&D created a new emulsion which substituted different materials in its manufacture yet retained the appearance of the classic Velvia.[12]

Velvia 100

Velvia 100 (RVP 100)[13] is about as saturated as the original version (RVP) but was designed to more accurate in color reproduction. It used the new "Super-fine Sigma-crystal" technology which ended the need for larger grain size to achieve greater film speed. The newer speed also has finer grain (an RMS granularity value of 8), and uses the color correction layers found in Provia 100F. The Advanced DIR Technology releases developer inhibitors release compounds that regulate interlayer and edge effects yielding dramatic improvements in color reproduction. Velvia 100 (RVP 100) was introduced in 2005, to replace the discontinued original Velvia (RVP).[5] The color rendition of Velvia 100 was designed to record all colors even more accurately. [citation needed] Reciprocity failure was reduced for long exposures and dye stability extended. Fujichrome F transparency films held color accuracy for years of archival color stability, while Kodachrome films faded in less than 20 minutes of accrued projection. [citation needed] Fujichrome films went up to 18 hours without fade. Fade is defined by a color shift of at least 10% in any color layer. All Fujichrome product layers faded at the same rate, which means the image could fade 10% but could not color shift. 10% fade was determined to be the effect noticeable by viewers of the images.

On July 6, 2021, Fujifilm announced the discontinuation of Velvia 100 within the United States, effective immediately. The chemical phenol, isopropylated phosphate (3:1) (PIP (3:1)) (CASRN 68937-41-7), the use of which is banned under the EPA's Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), is present in minuscule quantities within the layers of the film. While Fujifilm believes the trace amount is not harmful to the environment, they opted to discontinue the film within the United States out of dedication to sustainability and compliance with the regulation. Their statement does not make it clear if the film will continue to be sold in other markets.[14]

Velvia 100F

Velvia 100F (RVP 100F[1]) offers saturated colors, better color fidelity and higher contrast. It was introduced in 2002[15] and discontinued in 2012 in most formats and markets, and is now only sold as sheet film (4x5" and 8x10") in Japan only.[16] [17][18] Velvia 100F is less saturated than RVP50 and is accurate in color rendition with the exception of yellow. It exaggerates this color, especially when there is a slight yellowish cast in the scene. On film, this will be a deeper and more noticeable yellow. Skin color was rendered better.[19]

Long exposure problems

The original Velvia (RVP) suffered much more from reciprocity failure than most other films. Exposing the film for as little as 16 seconds produced a color shift, typically to purple or green, depending on shooting conditions. Anything over four seconds requires the use of magenta color correction filters if correct color balance is required, exposures of 64 seconds and longer are "not recommended" by Fuji.[8]

Velvia 100 (RVP 100) is much better with long exposures: no reciprocity failure compensation is required for exposures shorter than 1 minute.[20]

Velvia in cinematography

Velvia film stock was available through 2006 [citation needed] and was used for many commercials, but rarely for feature films. Its main use in movies was for shooting stock landscape shots and special-effects background plates. One example is the 1998 film What Dreams May Come, which took place largely within a painting. After being discontinued, the closest replacement for the original Velvia film stock was Eterna Vivid 160, which produced roughly the same color effect while being more easily processed. Since 2013 Fujifilm has ended production of all motion picture film.[21]

Since 2006, Velvia 50 D (also sold as Cinevia) is available in Super 8 via three independent companies, Pro8mm in the US, and GK Film and Wittner Kinotechnik in Europe. However, demand for it is higher than those companies together are currently capable of properly[clarification needed] supplying. Spectra Film and Video has also been loading Fuji Velvia into Super 8 cartridges and for 16 mm. They recently modified the Kodak-supplied cartridges to ensure a smoother transport of Velvia film through the cartridge.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Paul, Matthias R. (2006-09-26). "RE: Neuer Diafilm: Fuji Provia 400X" [RE: New slide film: Fuji Provia 400X]. Minolta-Forum (in German). Retrieved 2022-06-08. [
    "RA" - Fujichrome Sensia II 100 (1997?), Sensia 100 ("New" (2000?) [Europa], Sensia III 100 [Japan]
    "RAP 100" - Fujichrome Astia 100 Professional (1997)
    "RAP 100F" (also "RAP F"?) - Fujichrome Astia 100F Professional (2003 - 2010)
    "RD" - Fujichrome 100, Sensia 100 (original) (1994?) (reportedly also Sensia II 100?)
    ".RD"? - Fujichrome Sensia 100 (original) (1994?)
    "RD II" - Fujichrome?
    "RDP" - Fujichrome 100 D Professional (1993)
    "RDP II" - Fujichrome Provia 100 Professional (1994)
    "RDP III" - Fujichrome Provia 100F Professional (1999 - according to Gert Koshofer several modifications without name changes)
    "RF" - Fujichrome 50 (1993)
    "RFP" - Fujichrome 50 D Professional (1993)
    "RH" - Fujichrome 400 (1993), Fujichrome Sensia 400, Sensia II 400
    "RHP" - Fujichrome 400 D Professional (1993) (reportedly also Fujichrome Provia 400 Professional?)
    "RHP II" - Fujichrome Provia 400 Professional (never produced according to an article by Gert Koshofer?)
    "RHP III" - Fujichrome Provia 400F Professional (ca. 2001 - 2007)
    "RXP" - Fujichrome Provia 400X Professional (2006/2007 - 2013)
    "RM" - Fujichrome Sensia 200 (2000?), Sensia II 200
    "RMS" - Fujichrome Multispeed MS 100/1000 Professional (1998) (ISO 100, pushable to ISO 200 (P1), 400 (P2), 800 (P3), 1000 (P4))
    "?" - Fujichrome 800?
    "RSP" - Fujichrome 1600 D Professional (1993), Fujichrome Provia 1600 Professional
    "RSP II" - Fujichrome P1600 D Professional
    "RTP" - Fujichrome 64T Professional (ISO 64) (1993)
    "RTP II" - Fujichrome 64T Type II Tungsten Professional (ISO 64) (1999?)
    "RTP III"? - Fujichrome T64 Tungsten Professional (ISO 64) (2006)
    "RVP" - Fujichrome Velvia Professional (ISO 50) (1989/1990 - 2005/2006)
    "RVP50" - Fujichrome Velvia II? Professional (ISO 50) (2006/2007)
    "RVP 100" - Fujichrome Velvia 100 Professional (2003/2005)
    "RVP 100F" (also "RVP F"?) - Fujichrome Velvia 100F Professional (2002/2003 - 2012)
    "?" - 'Cinevia' (Fujichrome Velvia 50 D in Super-8 cartridge) (2006)
    "?" - Fujichrome fortia (ISO 50) (2004 - limited edition) [Japan]
    "?" - Fujichrome fortia SP Professional (ISO 50) (2005 - limited edition) [Japan] (Known production batch "FUJI FORTIA SP-162" in 2006, "164-101" in 2007)
    "?" - Fujichrome TREBI 100C (2001) [Japan]
    "?" - Fujichrome TREBI 400 [Japan]
    "CDU" - Fujichrome CDU Duplicating Film
    "CDU II" - Fujichrome CDU II Duplicating Film (ISO 5 - 10)
    "?" - Fujichrome 25 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 50 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 80 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 100 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 150 ix]
    (NB. Comprehensive overview on Fujifilm Fujichrome slide film codes.)
  2. ^ "Fuji Velvia 50". Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  3. ^ "British Journal of Photography". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  4. ^ "Looks like bad news for slides". Talk Photography. 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  5. ^ a b "British Journal of Photography". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  6. ^ "Fuji Velvia 50".
  7. ^ "Super Film Shootout" (PDF). Earth Sea Publishing. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
  8. ^ a b "Fuji Velvia" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  9. ^ "The Green Signature Darkroom". Retrieved 2013-02-04.
  10. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia for Professionals (RVP)" (PDF). Fujifilm. 2004-02-25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-10.
  11. ^ Rowell, Galen (1993). Galen Rowell's Vision The Art Of Adventure Photography. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. p. 89. ISBN 0-87156-458-0.
  12. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 50 Professional (RVP50)" (PDF). Fujifilm. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  13. ^ "Velvia 100 datasheet" (PDF). Fujifilm Corporation. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  14. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 100". Fujifilm. Archived from the original on 2021-07-06. Retrieved 2021-07-06.
  15. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 50 Professional". Retrieved 2011-01-17.
  16. ^ "フィルム 価格表/JANコード". Retrieved 2021-10-17.
  17. ^ "British Journal of Photography". Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  18. ^ "Looks like bad news for slides". Talk Photography. 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  19. ^ "Velvia 100F: Best Slide Film Ever?". 2008-12-17.
  20. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 100 Professional (RVP 100)" (PDF). Fujifilm. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
  21. ^ "Discontinued Films". Fujifilm Global. Retrieved 2019-02-28.