.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (February 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 9,160 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Venerologie]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|de|Venerologie)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
  • Physician
Occupation type
Activity sectors
Education required
Fields of
Hospitals, Clinics
The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with India and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (August 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

Venereology is a branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The name derives from Roman goddess Venus, associated with love, beauty and fertility. A physician specializing in venereology is called a venereologist.[1] In many areas of the world, the specialty is usually combined with dermatology.[2]

The venereal diseases include bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections.[3] Some of the important diseases are HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea, candidiasis, herpes simplex, human papillomavirus infection, and genital scabies. Other sexually transmitted infections studied in the field include chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, hepatitis B, and cytomegalovirus infection.[4]

In India, formal training of venereologists started in 1910, prompting microscopy and serology to come into general use throughout the Empire. Before this, many cases of early syphilis were either diagnosed as chancroid or missed altogether. To come to a diagnosis, doubtful atypical cases were at times left untreated to see whether they developed secondary syphilis.[5]

Five classical venereal diseases

In the early part of the twentieth century, the medical science of venereology encompassed only the five classical venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma inguinale (donovanosis).[6][7] The history of virology shows that, in the first decade of the 20th century, viruses were not well understood.

In the early 1960s there were approximately six STDs described in textbooks and very little research was happening in sexually transmitted infections. In fact, there were not many medical centers where clinical care was offered for patients with STDs, who were left with few resources.[8]


  1. ^ "Venerologist". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venerology". Wiley. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. ^ "List of all STDs and their Symptoms". 28 March 2017.
  4. ^ "What you need to know about STDs". Medical News Today. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  5. ^ Thappa, Devindermohan; Sivaranjini, Ramassamy (2011). "Venerology in India". Indian Journal of Dermatology. 56 (4): 363–7. doi:10.4103/0019-5154.84713. PMC 3178995. PMID 21965840.
  6. ^ "Sexually Transmitted Diseases: An Overview and Perspective on the Next Decade by King K. Holmes". Sexually Transmitted Diseases: 1980 Status Report. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health. 1981. pp. 3–20.
  7. ^ Stoner, B. P.; Fraze, J.; Rietmeijer, C. A.; Dyer, J.; Gandelman, A.; Hook Ew, 3rd; Johnston, C.; Neu, N. M.; Rompalo, A. M.; Bolan, G.; National Network of STD Clinical Prevention Training Centers (2019). "The National Network of Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinical Prevention Training Centers Turns 40-A Look Back, a Look Ahead". Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 46 (8): 487–492. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001018. PMC 6713229. PMID 31295214.((cite journal)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "King K. Holmes, John Dirks Canada Gairdner Global Health Award 2013". Canada Gairdner Foundation.