Vicovaro
Comune di Vicovaro
Location of Vicovaro
Map
Vicovaro is located in Italy
Vicovaro
Vicovaro
Location of Vicovaro in Italy
Vicovaro is located in Lazio
Vicovaro
Vicovaro
Vicovaro (Lazio)
Coordinates: 42°1′N 12°54′E / 42.017°N 12.900°E / 42.017; 12.900
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
Metropolitan cityRome (RM)
FrazioniSancosimato
Government
 • MayorFiorenzo De Simone
Area
 • Total36.1 km2 (13.9 sq mi)
Elevation
300 m (1,000 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2010[2])[3]
 • Total4,108
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
DemonymVicovaresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
00029
Dialing code0774

Vicovaro (Latin: Varia,[4] Romanesco: Vicuaru) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Rome in the Italian region Lazio, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Rome.

History

The area of Vicovaro was inhabited as early as the Neolithic period, as testified by remains dating from this period to the late Bronze Age. It was a city of the Aequi, later colonized by Rome.[5] During the Roman domination, it was known as Vicus Varronis, Vicus Vari or Vicus Valerius.[6] It was on the Via Valeria.

Pope Celestine III granted Vicovaro to his Orsini relatives. The town held strategic importance in the Aniene valley. In 1533, Ludovico Gonzaga seized Vicovaro in a conflict between the Orsini and the Medici pope Clement VII. After the surrender, Gonzaga was assassinated by Napoleone Orsini who shot him with an arquebus.

In 1692, Orsini properties were auctioned off to satisfy debts, and Vicovaro fell to Count Paulo Bolognetti. His son, Ferdinando, married Flavia Theodoli, sister of Marchese Gerolamo Theodoli. The Bolognettis refurbished and expanded the Orsini castle and initiated other building projects in the city. Theodoli oversaw the restoration of the Church of San Pietro for his nephew, Giacomo Bolognetti.[7]

Main sights

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 43 & notes.
  5. ^ "Vicovaro", Vicovaro Tourism
  6. ^ Quilici, L., S. Quilici Gigli. "Places: 423115 (Varia)". Pleiades. Retrieved April 5, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Catini, Raffaella. "Theodoli, Gerolamo", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 95, 2019