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A virtual event is an online event that involves people interacting in a virtual environment on the web, rather than meeting in a physical location. Virtual events are typically multi-session online events that often feature webinars and webcasts. They are highly interactive, often aiming to create as similar an experience as possible to their physical counterparts.

Popular uses of virtual events include virtual tradeshows,[1] virtual job fairs,[2] virtual conferences,[3] virtual sales meetings,[4] virtual college open days,[5] and virtual company-wide gatherings.[6] Virtual events are used by organizations to deliver presentations, training, job fairs, expos, internal meetings, and sessions. They are led by a range of key stakeholders, including associations, professional meeting organizers, company executives, marketing managers, product management, human resources, and more.

Virtual events have been widely held due to the COVID-19 pandemic, during which in-person gatherings have faced restrictions, prohibitions, or health and safety concerns.


Virtual event can also refer to aspects of an event that are brought to attendees through an online experience. There are several types of virtual events:


Live virtual events are live-streamed as they occur with no delays or pre-recordings much like a live television show.

Global "round-the-clock" events

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of so-called global events increased, which "virtually travel the globe"[7] "with the sun from East to West".[7] The International Association of Constitutional Law and Alma Mater Europaea university organized their first such event in July 2020, calling it a "unique round-the-clock and round-the-globe" event,[8][9] which featured 52 speakers from 28 countries.


On-demand events consist of pre-recorded content a person may access online at their discretion. The content may have originated from a prior live event or the content may have been recorded specifically for on-demand.


Simulive is an amalgamation of a pre-recorded webinar and a live interaction (simulated+live = simulive). In a simulive event, all audio, video, and presentation materials are pre-recorded. However, the event is scheduled and delivered to a live audience at a designated date and time.

Origins and history

Virtual events started to become increasingly popular during the late-2000s recession as they offered an economically and environmentally effective way to bring thousands of attendees to an event from around the globe.[10] In some cases, traditional physical events now offer a parallel virtual component – creating a 'hybrid event'.

Virtual environments are becoming an increasingly important part of the marketing mix. For marketers, virtual events can provide a rich source of marketing data, because the activities of each participant can be tracked and evaluated. A virtual engagement index is a variable to measure interaction quantity and quality of participants. This is a very useful tool for sales people who then know the quality of the lead they are pursuing, however not all providers offer this feature yet.

Virtual events can offer a number of ways for participants to connect and communicate. Virtual booths, forums and designated meeting places allow participants to connect with event staff, exhibitors and sponsors, or fellow attendees using online chat, video and voice. Participants can leverage their social network within the event to form interest groups or find like-minded individuals. They can also share the findings with their online communities, often leading to the viral popularity of an event.

One of the key differences between virtual worlds and virtual events is that a virtual world is available as a persistent (perpetual) environment, even after the live part of the event is over. Many organizers are moving from episodic events to a continuous virtual engagement of their customer and prospect communities, (archive of the event). This permits attendees to return to parts of the event to see a complete session again, review content or gather additional information. Typically, virtual event organizers allow attendees to store the information gathered in a virtual briefcase, which can contain marketing collateral, as well as contact information of people they met, presentations they attended and content of conversations they held.

While companies have been experimenting with virtual events since the 1990s, their usage increased dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic,[11] which resulted in the cancellation or modification of live events. Not only have corporations implemented virtual events, events that would normally take place at an onsite venue with live audiences have transitioned to virtual events.

At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, scientific associations scrambled to convert their normally on-site events into virtual ones in order to share all the scientific research needed to combat the pandemic. The Genetics Society of America (GSA) was one of the early successes when they were able to convert The Allied Genetics Conference (TACC) event (only held every four years) to a virtual event in April 2020.[12] A different industry example took place on 29 November 2020 when the Miss Earth 2020 was held virtually for the first time in history. Eighty-four international delegates participated.[13] These modifications to virtual have proven resourceful and lucrative for virtual corporate emcees. During the COVID-19 pandemic, The National Speakers Association found 14% of members said that MC/facilitation became their top source of revenue in 2020, up from 3% in 2016.[14]


  1. ^ Clancy, Heather (12 September 2007). "Cyberspace Trade Shows Bring Action to the Desktop". New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  2. ^ Bruzzese, Anita (2008-07-25). "On The Job: Virtual job fairs expand search options". USA Today.
  3. ^ Byrd, Nick (2021). "Online Conferences: Some History, Methods and Benefits". Right Research: Modelling Sustainable Research Practices in the Anthropocene: 435–462. doi:10.11647/OBP.0213.28.
  4. ^ Cisco takes its global sales meeting virtual – Technology. Event Marketer. Retrieved on 2012-07-04.
  5. ^ Lee-Potter, Emma; Pozniak, Helena (2019-09-16). "The inside story on university open days - are they really worth it?". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2020-02-27.
  6. ^ The (Virtual) Global OfficeBusinessweek – Business News, Stock Market & Financial Advice. Businessweek (2008-05-02). Retrieved on 2012-07-04.
  7. ^ a b "RSA Global Webinar Series". RSA Main. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  8. ^ "Oxford, Cambridge and Harvard Professors at the Alma Mater Europaea Symposium". Archived from the original on 2020-11-16. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  9. ^ "Oxford, Cambridge and Harvard Professors at the Alma Mater Europaea symposium". Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  10. ^ virtual trade shows: A Realistic Alternative to Business Travel?
  11. ^ "Coronavirus: Ted to go virtual or be postponed". BBC News. 2020-03-05. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  12. ^ "We're bringing scientists together, even while apart". Genes to Genomes. 2020-04-02. Retrieved 2021-04-29.
  13. ^ "Miss Earth Nellys Pimentel to pursue modeling, graduate studies after reign". Inquirer Lifestyle. 2020-11-28. Retrieved 2021-04-15.
  14. ^ James, Cordilia (2020-11-08). "The Virtual MCs Charged With Saving Company Morale in 2020". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-11-10.