Wallace Shawn
Shawn in May 2014
Wallace Michael Shawn

(1943-11-12) November 12, 1943 (age 80)
New York City, New York, US
  • Actor
  • playwright
  • essayist
  • screenwriter
Years active1965–present
SpouseDeborah Eisenberg[1]
RelativesAllen Shawn (brother)

Wallace Michael Shawn (born November 12, 1943) is an American actor, playwright, essayist, and screenwriter. He is known for playing Vizzini in The Princess Bride (1987), Mr. Hall in Clueless (1995), and Rex in the Toy Story franchise (1995–present).

Shawn also appeared in The Bostonians (1984), Prick Up Your Ears (1987), Vanya on 42nd Street (1994), The Double (2013), Maggie's Plan (2015), and Marriage Story (2019). He appeared in six Woody Allen films including Manhattan (1979), Radio Days (1987), and Rifkin's Festival (2020). His television work includes recurring roles as Jeff Engels in The Cosby Show (1987–1991), Grand Nagus Zek in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993–1999), Cyrus Rose in Gossip Girl (2008–2012), and Dr. John Sturgis in Young Sheldon (2018–present).

Shawn is also a playwright; his plays include the Obie Award–winning Aunt Dan and Lemon (1985), The Designated Mourner (1996) and Grasses of a Thousand Colors (2008). He wrote and starred, with Andre Gregory, in the 1981 avant-garde drama My Dinner with Andre, and played the title role in A Master Builder (2013), a film adaptation of Henrik Ibsen's play.[2] Haymarket Books published his books Essays (2009) and Night Thoughts (2017).

Early life

Shawn was born on November 12, 1943, in New York City, to a Jewish family.[3][4][5][6] His parents were journalist Cecille (née Lyon; 1906–2005) and William Shawn (1907–1992), the longtime editor of The New Yorker. He has two younger twin siblings: composer Allen Shawn,[7] and Mary, who is autistic and lives in an institution.[8]

Shawn attended The Putney School, a private liberal arts high school in Putney, Vermont. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in history from Harvard College. He studied philosophy, politics and economics, as well as Latin, at Magdalen College, Oxford, originally intending to become a diplomat. He also traveled to India as an English teacher on a Fulbright program.[citation needed]



Shawn's early plays, such as Marie and Bruce (1978), portrayed emotional and sexual conflicts in an absurdist style, with language both lyrical and violent. In a conversation with Andre Gregory, parts of which were used to create My Dinner with Andre, Shawn said these plays depicted "my interior life as a raging beast." Critical response was extremely polarized: some critics hailed Shawn as a major writer, while John Simon called Marie and Bruce "garbage" and Shawn "one of the unsightliest actors in this city."[9] His 1977 play A Thought in Three Parts caused controversy in London when the production was investigated by a vice squad and attacked in Parliament after allegations of pornographic content.[10] Shawn received an Obie Award for playwrighting in 1975, for Our Late Night.[11]

Shawn's later plays are more overtly political, drawing parallels between his characters' psychology and the behavior of governments and social classes. Among the best-known of these are Aunt Dan and Lemon (1985) and The Designated Mourner (1997). Shawn's political work has invited controversy, as he often presents the audience with several contradictory points of view. He has called Aunt Dan and Lemon a cautionary tale against fascism. Shawn's monologue The Fever, originally meant to be performed for small audiences in apartments, depicts a person who becomes sick while struggling to find a morally consistent way to live when faced with injustice, and harshly criticizes the United States' record in supporting oppressive anti-communist regimes. In 1997, Shawn discussed the political nature of Aunt Dan and Lemon, The Fever and The Designated Mourner in an interview in which he talked extensively about the thematic connections among them, as well as his own views on Marxist, communist and socialist politics, their relevance to American liberalism, and how governmental and individual responsibilities for finding solutions to the dichotomy between rich and poor in the world take hold in his characters.[12] Aunt Dan and Lemon earned Shawn his second Obie Award for playwrighting in 1986,[13] and The Fever won an Obie for Best American Play in 1991.[14] Three of Shawn's plays have been adapted into films: The Designated Mourner (basically a film version of David Hare's stage production), Marie and Bruce and The Fever. Vanessa Redgrave stars in The Fever (2004),[15] which first aired on HBO on June 13, 2007.[citation needed]

Shawn has also written political commentary for The Nation, and in 2004 he published the one-issue-only progressive political magazine Final Edition, which featured interviews with and articles by Jonathan Schell, Noam Chomsky, Mark Strand and Deborah Eisenberg. Shawn is credited as translator of Bertolt Brecht's The Threepenny Opera, which opened at Studio 54 in Manhattan on March 25, 2006. He appeared briefly in voiceover during "Song about the Futility of Human Endeavor". He published his first nonfiction work, Essays, on September 1, 2009. It is a collection of essays that express his perceptions of politics and other aspects of his life.[citation needed]


Shawn's involvement with theater began in 1970 when he met Andre Gregory, who has since directed several of his plays. As a stage actor, he has appeared mostly in his own plays and other projects with Gregory. He made his film debut in 1979, playing Diane Keaton's ex-husband in Woody Allen's Manhattan and an insurance agent in Bob Fosse's All That Jazz. His best-known film roles include Earl in Strange Invaders (1983) and Mr. Hall in Clueless (1995). After seeing his performance in My Dinner with Andre (1981), casting director Janet Hirshenson was so fond of his delivery of the word "inconceivable" that she cast him as Vizzini in The Princess Bride (1987). Other roles include Baron Von Westphalen in Southland Tales, Cyrus Rose on Gossip Girl, and Ezra in The Haunted Mansion (2003).[citation needed]

His rare non-comedic film roles include two collaborations with Andre Gregory and Louis Malle: the semi-autobiographical dialogue My Dinner with Andre, and a combined production-and-backstage-drama of Uncle Vanya titled Vanya on 42nd Street. Shawn quite often appears on television, where he has appeared in many genres and series. He has had recurring roles as the Grand Nagus Zek on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Stuart Best on Murphy Brown, Jeff Engels on The Cosby Show, Dr. Howard Stiles on Crossing Jordan, Arnie Ross on Taxi, Charles Lester on both The Good Wife and The Good Fight, and a reprisal of his role as Mr. Hall on Clueless (based on the film). He appeared in the 1985 music video for Chaka Khan's "This Is My Night". On February 4, 2010, Shawn appeared as Alan Rubin on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. He appeared in Vegas Vacation as Marty. A Master Builder opened in New York City in June 2014. In 2018, he joined the cast of Young Sheldon in the recurring role of Meemaw's boyfriend and Sheldon's physics professor, Dr. John Sturgis.[2][16]

Shawn stars in Woody Allen's 2020 film Rifkin's Festival, set in San Sebastian, Spain.[17]

Shawn was honored in 2005 with the PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award as a Master American Dramatist.[citation needed]

Voice acting

Shawn is a voice actor for animated films and television series, including Rex in the Toy Story franchise, Monsters, Inc. (2001) during the outtakes in the closing credits, Kingdom Hearts III, Mr. Gilbert Huph in The Incredibles, Principal Mazur in A Goofy Movie, Bertram in Family Guy, Munk in Happily N'Ever After, Purple Pirate Paul in Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers, and as a caricature of himself in BoJack Horseman.[citation needed]

Shawn said that Toy Story director John Lasseter might have seen both My Dinner with Andre and The Princess Bride and seen him as "excitable" like Rex.[18]

In The Fox and the Hound, he was originally going to voice Boomer, but dropped out and was replaced by Paul Winchell.[19] In Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore, Shawn replaced Jon Lovitz as the voice of Calico. He also provided the voice of Mr. Mustela in The Addams Family 2 in 2021.[20]

Political activity

In June 2013, Shawn and many other public figures appeared in a video showing support for Chelsea Manning.[21] He referred to himself as a socialist in his essay "Why I Call Myself a Socialist: Is the World Really a Stage?", which was published online and later in his Essays.[22]

Shawn voiced his support for the Palestinian people during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.[23] He is a member of Jewish Voice for Peace and is on the advisory board.[6]

On October 16, 2023, Shawn spoke at a Washington D.C. rally organized by Jewish Voice for Peace and IfNotNow.[24] The rally called for a ceasefire in the 2023 Israel–Hamas war and for President Joe Biden to support a ceasefire.[24]

Personal life

Shawn's longtime companion is writer Deborah Eisenberg.[25] Shawn is a Jewish atheist.[3][4][5][6] As of 2012, he lives in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan.[26]



Year Title Role Notes
1979 Manhattan Jeremiah
Starting Over Workshop Member
All That Jazz Assistant Insurance Man
1980 Simon Eric Van Dongen
Atlantic City Waiter Credited as Wally Shawn
1981 Cheaper to Keep Her Mugger
My Dinner with Andre Wally Shawn Also writer
Strong Medicine Birthday Party Guest Uncredited
1982 A Little Sex Oliver
1983 Lovesick Otto Jaffe
The First Time Jules Goldfarb
Strange Invaders Earl
Deal of the Century Harold DeVoto
1984 Crackers Turtle
The Hotel New Hampshire Freud
The Bostonians Mr. Pardon
Micki & Maude Elliot Fibel
1985 Heaven Help Us (Catholic Boys) Father Abruzzi
Head Office Mike Hoover
1987 The Bedroom Window Henderson's Attorney
Radio Days Masked Avenger
Nice Girls Don't Explode Ellen
Prick Up Your Ears John Lahr
The Princess Bride Vizzini
1988 The Moderns Oiseau
1989 She's Out of Control Dr. Herman Fishbinder
Scenes from the Class Struggle in Beverly Hills Howard Saravian
We're No Angels Translator
1991 Shadows and Fog Simon Carr
1992 Unbecoming Age Dr. Block
Nickel & Dime Everett Willits
The Double 0 Kid Cashpot Direct-to-video
Mom and Dad Save the World Sibor
1993 The Cemetery Club Larry
The Meteor Man Mr. Little
1994 Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle Horatio Byrd
Vanya on 42nd Street Vanya
1995 Just Like Dad Stan Speigel
The Wife Cosmo
Napoleon Echidna American dub
Canadian Bacon Canadian Prime Minister Clark MacDonald
Clueless Mr. James Hall
A Goofy Movie Principal Mazur Voice
Toy Story Rex
1996 All Dogs Go to Heaven 2 Labrador MC
House Arrest Vic Finley
1997 Vegas Vacation Marty
Just Write Arthur Blake
Critical Care Furnaceman
The Designated Mourner Writer
1998 The Jungle Book: Mowgli's Story Tarzan Chimp Voice; direct-to-video
1999 The Diary of the Hurdy-Gurdy Man
My Favorite Martian Dr. Elliot Coleye
Toy Story 2 Rex Voice
2000 Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins Voice; direct-to-video
The Prime Gig Gene
2001 The Curse of the Jade Scorpion George Bond
Monsters, Inc. Rex Voice, outtakes (uncredited)
2002 Personal Velocity: Three Portraits Mr. Gelb
2003 Duplex Herman
The Haunted Mansion Ezra
2004 Teacher's Pet Crosby Strickler Voice
Melinda and Melinda Sy
The Incredibles Gilbert Huph Voice
Marie and Bruce Writer
The Fever
2005 Chicken Little Principal Fetchit Voice
2006 Southland Tales Baron Von Westphalen
Air Buddies Billy Voice; direct-to-DVD
Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers Purple Pirate Barnacle Paul / Narrator
2007 Happily N'Ever After Munk Voice
I Could Never Be Your Woman Math Teacher Uncredited
2008 Kit Kittredge: An American Girl Mr. Gibson
Mia and the Migoo Migoo English dub
Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King Mr. Gibbles Voice; direct-to-DVD
2009 Jack and the Beanstalk Broker / Booker / Lancelot Squarejaw
Capitalism: A Love Story Himself Documentary
2010 Furry Vengeance Dr. Christian Burr Uncredited
Toy Story 3 Rex Voice
Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore Calico
Tea Time Short film; writer
2011 The Speed of Thought Sandy
Hawaiian Vacation Rex Voice; short film
Small Fry
2012 Partysaurus Rex
A Late Quartet Gideon Rosen
Vamps Van Helsing
2013 Admission Clarence
The Double Mr. Papadopoulos
A Master Builder Halvard Solness Also writer and producer
2014 Don Peyote Psychotherapist
2015 Maggie's Plan Kliegler
Robo-Dog Mr. Willis Direct-to-DVD
2016 Drawing Home Mr. Garfield
2017 Animal Crackers Mr. Woodley Voice
The Only Living Boy in New York David
Someone Else's Wedding Albert
2018 Book Club Derek
2019 Toy Story 4 Rex Voice
Marriage Story Frank
2020 Timmy Failure: Mistakes Were Made Mr. Crocus
Rifkin's Festival Mort Rifkin
2021 The Addams Family 2 Mr. Mustela Voice[20]
2023 Dancing on the Silk Razor Narrator Short film


Year Title Role Notes
1982–1983 Taxi Arnie Ross 2 episodes
1983 How to Be a Perfect Person in Just Three Days Professor Silverfish Television film
Saigon: Year of the Cat Frank Judd
1987–1991 The Cosby Show Jeff Engels 5 episodes
1992 Civil Wars Riley Baker Episode: "A Bus Named Desire"
One Life to Live Professor Marvel Unknown episodes
1993 Eligible Dentist Pilot
The Pink Panther The Little Man (voice) Episode: "Ice Blue Pink/Pink Trek"
Matrix Mr. Gonley Episode: "Lapses in Memory"
1993–1999 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Grand Nagus Zek 7 episodes
1994 The Nanny Charles Haste Episode: "Pishke Business"
1994–1997 Murphy Brown Stuart Best 4 episodes
1995 Kalamazoo Bobby Short
Something Wilder Roof Inspector Episode: "Dr. Roof"
Just Like Dad Stan Speigel Television film
1996 Toy Story Treats Rex (voice) 18 episodes
1996–1997 Clueless Mr. Hall 17 episodes
1997 King of the Hill Philip Ny (voice) Episode: "How to Fire a Rifle Without Really Trying"
1998 Blind Men Pilot
Noah Zack Television film
The Lionhearts Various (voice) 5 episodes
1999 Homicide: Life on the Street Frank Hopper Episode: "A Case of Do or Die"
Cosby Mr. Fleming 2 episodes
2000–2001 Teacher's Pet Crosby Strickler (voice) 6 episodes
2001 Ally McBeal Mr. Dune Episode: "Falling Up"
Blonde I. E. Shinn 2 episodes
Three Sisters Dean Webb Episode: "Don't Be Thrown"
2001–2006 Crossing Jordan Howard Stiles 8 episodes
2001, 2006
Family Guy Bertram (voice) 3 episodes
2002 Sun Gods Spaulding Pilot
Teamo Supremo Gauntlet (voice) Episode: "Running the Gauntlet"
Mr. St. Nick Mimir Television film
2003 Monte Walsh Colonel Wilson
Stanley Mr. Goldberg (voice) Episode: "Going-Away Goose/Time to Climb!"
2004 Sex and the City Martin Grable Episode: "Splat!"
Karroll's Christmas Zeb Rosecog Television film
2005 Fat Actress Sigmund von Oy Episode: "The Koi Effect"
Stargate SG-1 Arlos Kadawam Episode: "The Ties That Bind"
Desperate Housewives Lonny Moon Episode: "They Asked Me Why I Believe in You"
2006 The 12th Man Marty Pilot
Law & Order: Criminal Intent Film Professor Episode: "Weeping Willow"
2008 The Return of Jezebel James Garson Leeds Episode: "I'm with Blank"
Cashmere Mafia Animal Handler Episode: "Dog Eat Dog"
2008–2009 The L Word William Halsey 5 episodes
2009 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Roy Batters Episode: "Snatched"
Life on Mars Stephen Morrell – "The Sorcerer" Episode: "Let All the Children Boogie"
ER Teddy Lempell Episode: "The Beginning of the End"
2010 The Daily Show with Jon Stewart Alan Rubin Episode: "Anthony Weiner"
Damages Sterling Biddle Episode: "Don't Forget to Thank Mr. Zedeck"
2008–2012 Gossip Girl Cyrus Rose 11 episodes
2011–2012 Eureka Warren Hughes 3 episodes
2011–2016 Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness Taotie (voice) 9 episodes
2012 Fish Hooks Rat King (voice) Episode: "Guys' Night Out"
2013–2015 The Good Wife Charles Lester 3 episodes
2013 Adventure Time Rasheeta (voice) Episode: "Puhoy"
The Fog of Courage Eustace Bagge (voice)
Uncle Grandpa Ule Gapa (voice) Episode: "Belly Bros"
Toy Story of Terror! Rex (voice) Television special
2014 Toy Story That Time Forgot
Phineas and Ferb Saul (voice) Episode: "Phineas and Ferb Save Summer"
The Mysteries of Laura Kenneth Walters Episode: "The Mystery of the Sex Scandal"
Club Penguin: Monster Beach Party Gary the Gadget Guy (voice) Television special
The 7D Not-So-Magic Mirror (voice) Episode: "Mirror, Mirror"
BoJack Horseman Himself (voice) Episode: "One Trick Pony"
Christmas at Cartwright's Harry Osbourne Television film
2014–2018 Mozart in the Jungle Winslow Elliot 6 episodes
2015 Club Penguin: Halloween Panic! Gary the Gadget Guy (voice) Television special
2016 The Night Shift Mr. Neville Episode: "Unexpected"
Life in Pieces Samuel Episode: "Eyebrow Anonymous Trapped Gem"
Regular Show The Evil Brain (voice) Episode: "The Brain of Evil"
2016–2019 The Stinky & Dirty Show Tall (voice) 18 episodes
2017 Cop and a Half: New Recruit Principal Miller Television film
Mr. Robot Mr. Williams Episode: "eps3.2_legacy.so"
Graves Jerry North 3 episodes
She's Gotta Have It Julius Kemper 2 episodes
2017–2018 OK K.O.! Let's Be Heroes Wally the White (voice)
Trollhunters Unkar the Unfortunate (voice)
2017, 2019 The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel Herb Smith
2018 The Good Fight Charles Lester Episode: "Day 471"
Skylanders Academy Mabu Inspector (voice) Episode: "Weekend at Eon's"
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Benjamin Edelman Episode: "Alta Kockers"
2018–present Young Sheldon Dr. John Sturgis 50 episodes
2019 Big City Greens Jyle Donelan (voice) Episode: "Night Bill"
The Simpsons Wallace the Hernia (voice) Episode: "I Want You (She's So Heavy)"
Butterbean's Cafe Oopsie Doodle (voice) Episode: "Oopsie Doodle!"
Forky Asks a Question Rex (voice) Episode: "What Is Time?"
2020 Search Party William Badpastor 2 episodes
Esme & Roy Grumbles (voice) Episode: "Princess of Play Parts 1 and 2"
2020–2021 Summer Camp Island Morris Mole / Barry / Pete (voices) 3 episodes
2021–2022 Amphibia Humphrey Westwood (voice) 2 episodes
2021 Gossip Girl Cyrus Rose Episode: "Final Cancellation"
2022 Evil Father Frank Ignatius 2 episodes
Bubble Guppies Professor Puny (voice) Episode: "Search for the Great Silverback!"

Video games

Year Title Voice role Notes
1995 Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story Rex
1996 Toy Story: The Video Game
Toy Story Activity Center
2004 The Incredibles Gilbert Huph
2006 Family Guy Video Game! Bertram
2008 The Princess Bride Game Vizzini
2010 Toy Story 3: The Video Game Rex
2012 Kinect Rush: A Disney-Pixar Adventure Rex, Gilbert Huph
Family Guy: Back to the Multiverse Bertram
2013 Disney Infinity Rex
2014 Disney Infinity 2.0
2015 Disney Infinity 3.0
2016 King's Quest Manny/Manannan [27]
Disney Magic Kingdoms Rex
2018 Lego The Incredibles Gilbert Huph Archive recordings
2019 Kingdom Hearts III Rex [28]


Title Year
Four Meals in May 1967
The Family Play 1970
The Hotel Play 1970
The Hospital Play 1971
Our Late Night 1975
A Thought in Three Parts 1976
The Mandrake 1977
Marie and Bruce 1978
Aunt Dan and Lemon 1985
The Fever 1990
The Designated Mourner 1997
The Threepenny Opera 2006
The Music Teacher 2006
Grasses of a Thousand Colors 2008
Evening at the Talk House 2015


Year Title Role Notes
2008–16 Toy Story: The Musical Rex Voice

Awards and nominations

Year Association Category Project Result Ref.
1982 Boston Society of Film Critics Best Screenplay My Dinner with Andre Won
1994 Best Actor Vanya on 42nd Street Nominated

Written works

Year Title Notes
2009 Essays Book collection of essays, by Haymarket Books
2017 Night Thoughts Published by Haymarket Books


  1. ^ Steindler, Catherine (Spring 2013). "Interviews, Deborah Eisenberg, The Art of Fiction No. 218". The Paris Review. Vol. Spring 2013, no. 204.
  2. ^ a b Ciampaglia, Dante A. (August 1, 2014). "Film Review: A Master Builder". Architectural Record. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Orel, Gwen (September 3, 2009). "Bag of Tricks". Tablet Magazine.
  4. ^ a b Nathan, John (April 7, 2009). "Interview: Wallace Shawn. He makes Woody look pretty, but he's a pop culture icon". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Jewish United Fund (2016). "Celebrities: Wallace Shawn". www.juf.org. Archived from the original on November 6, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "Councils, Staff and Board of Jewish Voice for Peace". Jewish Voice for Peace. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  7. ^ see pg. 20 of liner notes accompanying "Allen Shawn – Piano Works" CD issued by Coviello Classics label (COV 91414)> "Allen Shawn – Klavierwerke". Music Reference. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  8. ^ Kakutani, Michiko (January 30, 2007). "Allen Shawn – Wish I Could Be There: Notes From a Phobic Life – Books – Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  9. ^ Brantley, Ben (April 5, 2011). "There's Room for Everyone Aboard a Marital Misery Tour". The New York Times. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  10. ^ "Aunt Dan and Lemon". Whistler in the Dark. 2011. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  11. ^ 1975 Obie Awards https://www.obieawards.com/events/1970s/year-75/
  12. ^ McGrath, Patrick (Spring 1997). "Wallace Shawn by Patrick McGrath". Bomb Magazine. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  13. ^ Obie Awards "1986 Winners"
  14. ^ Obie Awards, "1991 Winners"
  15. ^ Richmond, Ray (June 12, 2007). "Redgrave laid low by HBO's heavy "Fever"". Reuters. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  16. ^ "Wallace Shawn returns as Dr. Sturgis on Young Sheldon". Monsters and Critics. October 18, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  17. ^ Nickolai, Nate (June 4, 2019). "Woody Allen to Begin Filming New Movie This Summer". Variety.
  18. ^ Segal, Steve (December 4, 2019). "Wallace Shawn talks acting, 'Princess Bride' and 'Toy Story' ahead of Steel City Con". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  19. ^ "We Bet You Didn't Know These Actors Voice Characters in Both Disney and Disney Pixar Movies". Oh My Disney. June 19, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  20. ^ a b Dick, Jeremy (July 2, 2021). "The Addams Family 2 Character Posters Take the Kooky Family on One Ooky Summer Vacation". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on July 2, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  21. ^ Gavin, Patrick (June 20, 2013). "Celeb video: 'I am Bradley Manning'". Politico. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  22. ^ Shawn, Wallace (February 3, 2011). "Why I Call Myself a Socialist: Is the World Really a Stage?". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  23. ^ Shawn, Wallace (August 25, 2014). "Wallace Shawn on Gaza: "The Anger of the Palestinians Cannot Be Ended by Killing Their Children"". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  24. ^ a b White, Abbey (October 17, 2023). "Wallace Shawn Calls for End of "Massacring" in Israel-Gaza Conflict at D.C. Rally: "I Don't Really Believe in Revenge"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 23, 2023.
  25. ^ Steindler, Catherine (Spring 2013). "Interviews, Deborah Eisenberg, The Art of Fiction No. 218". The Paris Review. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  26. ^ Als, Hilton (Summer 2012). "Wallace Shawn, The Art of Theater No. 17". The Paris Review. Paris, France: The Paris Review Foundation. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  27. ^ The Odd Gentlemen. King's Quest – Chapter III: Once Upon A Climb. Sierra Entertainment. Scene: Closing credits, 1 min in, Cast.
  28. ^ "Square Enix Press Center – Star-studded Voice Cast Unveiled for Disney and Square Enid's Kingdom Hearts III". press.na.square-enix.com. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 17, 2019.

Further reading