Warwick District
Leamington Spa, the largest settlement in the district.
Leamington Spa, the largest settlement in the district.
Shown within Warwickshire
Shown within Warwickshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionWest Midlands
Administrative countyWarwickshire
Admin. HQLeamington Spa
Government
 • MPs:Matt Western (L)
Jeremy Wright (C)
Area
 • Total109.2 sq mi (282.9 km2)
 • Rank124th
Population
 • Total148,500
 • Rank143rd
 • Density1,360/sq mi (524/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code44UF (ONS)
E07000222 (GSS)
Ethnicity89.2% White (83.4% White British)
7.2% Asian
0.7% Black
2.1% Mixed Race
0.9% Other [1]

Warwick is a local government district in Warwickshire, England. It is named after the historic county town of Warwick, which is the district's second largest town; the largest town is Royal Leamington Spa, where the council is based. The district also includes the towns of Kenilworth and Whitnash and surrounding villages and rural areas. Leamington Spa, Warwick and Whitnash form a conurbation which has about two thirds of the district's population.[2]

The neighbouring districts are Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon, Solihull and Coventry.

History

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. The new district was formed through the merger of four former districts, which were all abolished at the same time:[3]

The new district was named Warwick after the county town.[4]

Proposals to merge the district with neighbouring Stratford-on-Avon District were put forward in 2021 and provisionally agreed, before eventually being abandoned in April 2022.[5][6]

Governance

Warwick Avon District Council
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Sidney Syson,
Liberal Democrat
since 17 May 2023[7]
Ian Davison,
Green
since 17 May 2023
Chris Elliott
Structure
Seats44 councillors
Political groups
Administration (25)
  Green (14)
  Labour (11)
Other parties (19)
  Liberal Democrats (10)
  Conservative (6)
  Whitnash RA (3)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
First past the post
Last election
4 May 2023
Next election
6 May 2027
Meeting place
Town Hall, The Parade, Leamington Spa, CV32 4AT
Website
www.warwickdc.gov.uk

Warwick District Council provides district-level services. County-level services are provided by Warwickshire County Council.[8] The whole district is also covered by civil parishes, which form a third tier of local government.[9]

Political control

The council has been under no overall control since 2019. Following the 2023 election a coalition of the Greens and Labour formed to run the council, led by Green councillor Ian Davison.[10]

The first election to the council was held in 1973, initially operating as a shadow authority alongside the outgoing councils before coming into its powers on 1 April 1974. Since 1974 political control of the council has been as follows:[11][12]

Party in control Years
No overall control 1974–1976
Conservative 1976–1995
No overall control 1995–2007
Conservative 2007–2019
No overall control 2019–present

Leadership

The leaders of the council since 1995 have been:[13]

Councillor Party From To
Ian Dove Labour 1995 19 Apr 2000
Margaret Begg Liberal Democrats 19 Apr 2000 13 Jun 2001
Ian Dove Labour 13 Jun 2001 24 Apr 2002
Bob Crowther Labour 24 Apr 2002 May 2007
Michael Coker Conservative May 2007 2008
Michael Doody Conservative 2008 4 Dec 2013
Andrew Mobbs Conservative 4 Dec 2013 5 May 2019
Andrew Day Conservative 15 May 2019 17 May 2023
Ian Davison Green 17 May 2023

Composition

Following the 2023 election the composition of the council was:[14]

Party Councillors
Green 14
Labour 11
Liberal Democrats 10
Conservative 6
Whitnash Residents 3
Total 44

The next election is due in 2027.

Elections

See also: Warwick District Council elections

Since the last boundary changes in 2019 the council has comprised 44 councillors representing 17 wards with each ward electing one, two or three councillors. Elections are held every four years.[15]

Premises

Council's main offices: Riverside House, Milverton Hill, Leamington Spa, CV32 5HZ

Council meetings are usually held at Leamington Spa Town Hall on The Parade, which had been built in 1884 for the old Leamington Borough Council.[16] The council has its main offices at Riverside House on Milverton Hill in Leamington, close to the River Leam. That building was completed in 1984 as the headquarters of the Leamington Spa Building Society, and was subsequently bought by the council in the late 1990s.[17] Plans are being considered to move the council's main offices nearer to the town centre of Leamington Spa; various schemes have been proposed since 2016, but none has yet to come to fruition.[18][19]

The environment

On 27 June 2019 the elected members at the Full Council meeting declared a "climate emergency" in response to ongoing global climate change. The council aims to become carbon neutral by 2025, whilst trying to make the whole district carbon neutral by 2030.[20] On 20 January 2020 it was announced that electric cars would be given free parking in council car parks.[21] On 4 February of that year it was proposed by the council group leaders to increase council tax by around £1 a week on Band D properties to create £3 million per year. This would be ring-fenced for environmental purposes. If this proposal was accepted by the other councillors then a district wide referendum would have been held on 7 May to decide if the public accept it.[22] On 26 February the full council unanimously agreed the proposal, triggering the 7 May referendum,[23] – which was put back to 6 May 2021, due to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. As of April 2022 the referendum has not yet occurred and no date has been set.

Demography

Ethnic Group 2001[24] 2011[25]
Number % Number %
White: British 111,043 88.19% 114,739 83.36%
White: Irish 2,525 2.01% 2,146 1.56%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 41 0.03%
White: Other 3,448 2.74% 5,789 4.21%
White: Total 117,016 92.94% 122,715 89.15%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 5,218 4.14% 6,745 4.90%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 222 0.18% 480 0.35%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 22 0.02% 69 0.05%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 521 0.41% 1,155 0.84%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 435 0.35% 1,496 1.09%
Asian or Asian British: Total 6,418 5.10% 9,945 7.22%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 360 0.29% 389 0.28%
Black or Black British: African 168 0.13% 474 0.34%
Black or Black British: Other Black 59 0.05% 110 0.08%
Black or Black British: Total 587 0.47% 973 0.71%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 506 0.40% 861 0.63%
Mixed: White and Black African 93 0.07% 233 0.17%
Mixed: White and Asian 503 0.40% 1,070 0.78%
Mixed: Other Mixed 281 0.22% 639 0.46%
Mixed: Total 1,383 1.10% 2,803 2.04%
Other: Arab 231 0.17%
Other: Any other ethnic group 981 0.71%
Other: Total 504 0.40% 1,212 0.88%
BAME: Total 8,892 7.06% 14,933 10.85%
Total 125,908 100.00% 137,648 100.00%
Religion 2001[26] 2011[27]
Number % Number %
Christian 89,763 71.28% 80,185 58.25%
Buddhist 347 0.28% 521 0.38%
Hindu 848 0.67% 1,633 1.19%
Jewish 207 0.16% 268 0.19%
Muslim 630 0.50% 1,299 0.94%
Sikh 4,239 3.37% 5,373 3.90%
Other religion 355 0.28% 531 0.39%
No religion 20,494 16.27% 37,859 27.50%
Religion not stated 9,051 7.19% 9,979 7.25%
Total 125,934 100.00% 137,648 100.00%

Travel, education and healthcare

The district has six railway stationsWarwick, Warwick Parkway, Leamington Spa, Kenilworth, Hatton and Lapworth. Regular bus services run between Warwick, Leamington and Kenilworth and onwards to Coventry, Stratford upon Avon and the University of Warwick. The Grand Union Canal flows through the district and the M40 motorway also passes through. Right on the edge of the district is Coventry Airport.

National Health Service general healthcare is provided by South Warwickshire NHS Foundation Trust and mental health care by Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust. Local hospitals include Warwick Hospital, the Leamington Spa Hospital,[28] St Michael's Hospital and the Warwickshire Nuffield Hospital (non-NHS, part of the Nuffield Health group)[29] Social services is pro On 13 July 2021 a coronavirus "mega lab" was opened in the town. Named after English chemist Rosalind Franklin. The site is expected to be capable of processing "hundreds of thousands of samples a day". The largest laboratory of its kind in the UK, and it is hoped it will create up to 1,500 jobs. It will also play a "key role in responding to new variants of the virus".[30] Historic hospitals included St Michael's Leper Hospital, Warneford Hospital and Central Hospital. Social services and fostering are dealt with on a countywide basis by Warwickshire County Council.

Freedom of district

Towns and parishes

Further information: List of civil parishes in Warwickshire

The district is divided into 32 civil parishes, which cover the whole area. The parish councils for Kenilworth, Royal Leamington Spa, Warwick and Whitnash have declared their parishes to be towns, allowing them to take the style "town council". The small parish of Bushwood has a parish meeting rather than a parish council. The parishes are:[33]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "UK Government Web Archive". webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Royal Leamington Spa Built-up area (E34004841)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  3. ^ "The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1972/2039, retrieved 31 May 2023
  4. ^ "The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Names) Order 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1973/551, retrieved 31 May 2023
  5. ^ "Plans to merge Warwick and Stratford District Councils into single 'mega authority' have been scrapped". Warwickshireworld. Leamington Courier. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Warwick and Stratford-on-Avon councils merger plans scrapped". BBC News. 21 April 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Council minutes, 24 May 2023". Stratford-on-Avon District Council. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  8. ^ "Local Government Act 1972", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1972 c. 70, retrieved 31 May 2023
  9. ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  10. ^ "Greens and Labour form a coalition on Warwick District Council". Leamington Observer. 18 May 2023. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  11. ^ "Compositions calculator". The Elections Centre. 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  12. ^ "Warwick". BBC News Online. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  13. ^ "Council minutes". Warwick District Council. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  14. ^ "Local elections 2023: live council results for England". The Guardian.
  15. ^ "The Warwick (Electoral Changes) Order 2018", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 2018/1313, retrieved 24 January 2024
  16. ^ "Councillors move out as renovation begins on Leamington Town Hall". Leamington Observer. 29 September 2023. Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  17. ^ "On the move". Coventry Evening Telegraph. 15 November 1984. p. 5. Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  18. ^ "Warwick District Council set to agree HQ move". leamingtonobserver.co.uk. Leamington Observer. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  19. ^ "Latest on plans to relocate council to Leamington town centre - and what could happen next". www.coventrytelegraph.net. Coventry Telegraph. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Warwick District Council declares a climate emergency". Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Council to offer free parking for electric vehicles". Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  22. ^ "Warwick District's Climate Emergency Action Programme". Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  23. ^ "Residents in Warwickshire to vote on council tax rise for climate change fund". 26 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  25. ^ "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  26. ^ "Religion". Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  27. ^ "QS208EW - Religion". Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  28. ^ "How Leamington Rehab Hospital's friends make the road to recovery smoother for patients". Leamington Courier. 15 August 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  29. ^ "Nuffield Hospital Warwick". NHS Choices. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Covid-19: Leamington Spa 'mega lab' opens to speed up testing". BBC News. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2021.
  31. ^ "Warwick Freedom Scroll" (JPG). www.calligraphyanddesign.com. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Fusiliers granted freedom of Warwick District". BBC News. BBC. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  33. ^ "Warwick District - parishes". City Population. Retrieved 22 January 2024.

52°17′22″N 1°32′37″W / 52.2894°N 1.5435°W / 52.2894; -1.5435