|Current region||Virginia, United States|
|Earlier spellings||de Washington, earlier; de Wessington|
|Etymology||Derives from Wessington (Washington) in the County of Durham|
|Place of origin||Washington Old Hall, England|
|Connected families||Quander family |
|Traditions||Anglicanism / Episcopalian|
|Motto||Exitus acta probat|
(The outcome is the test of the act)
|Estate(s)||Washington Old Hall, Mount Vernon, Abingdon (plantation), Arlington House, Beall-Air, Blakeley (West Virginia), Blenheim (Wakefield Corner, Virginia), Bushfield (Mount Holly, Virginia), Cedar Lawn, Claymont Court, Germantown White House, Fairfield (Berryville, Virginia), Ferry Farm, Harewood (West Virginia), Kenmore (Fredericksburg, Virginia), River Farm, Sulgrave Manor, Tudor Place, Washington Bottom Farm, George Washington Birthplace, Mary Ball Washington House, White House (plantation), Woodlawn (Alexandria, Virginia)|
The Washington family is an American family of English origins. It was prominent in colonial America and rose to great economic and political eminence especially in the Colony of Virginia, owning several highly valued Plantations, mostly making their money in tobacco farming. Members of the family include the first president of the United States, George Washington (1732–1799), and his nephew, Bushrod Washington (1762–1829), who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
The family traces its descent from John Washington, born, 1631 in Tring, Hertfordshire, England, who arrived in the Colony of Virginia in 1657 after being shipwrecked. President Washington's ancestry mostly traces to England, save for at least two lines. A paternal great-great-great-grandfather, Nicolas Martiau, was a Huguenot from Île de Ré, France and naturalized Englishman, who arrived in Virginia aboard the Francis Bonaventure in 1620.
The ancestral home is Washington Old Hall, located in the town of Washington in the North East England.
The Washington family traces its roots to Sir William de Hertburn, who in 1183 traded his manor of Hertburn for that of Wessyington in northeast England and adopted the name of the estate "de Wessyington" later becoming the surname "Washington".[better source needed]. The location's etymology derives from Old English and literally means "estate of a man named Wassa", a theme of toponymy common throughout England. The Washington family held this manor for hundreds of years as vassals of the Palatine-Bishopric of Durham. For the next 500 years or so the Washington family would continue to be distinguished members of the County Durham nobility and landed gentry.
The direct ancestral home of the Washington family from 1180 to 1613 is Washington Old Hall, a manor house located in the centre of the Washington area of Tyne and Wear, England. It is owned by the National Trust. Lawrence Washington (1602–1652), President George Washington's great-great-grandfather, was a notable English rector. His brother, Sir William Washington married the half sister of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.
The Washington family arrived in the Colony of Virginia in 1657, when John Washington, a son of Lawrence Washington and Amphillis Twigden, was shipwrecked. John sailed on the ship the Seahorse. He was a planter, soldier, and politician in colonial Virginia in North America and a lieutenant colonel in the local militia. He settled in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
John Washington married Anne Pope in 1658 and had the following children: Lawrence Washington (the paternal grandfather of President George Washington), John Washington Jr. and Anne Washington. There were two additional children, names unknown, mentioned as deceased when he wrote his will on 21 September 1675. Anne Pope was the daughter of Englishman Nathaniel Pope and Lucy Fox.
The family, especially Lawrence Washington rose to great economic prominence, especially in regards to real estate, owning several plantations, mostly for Tobacco cultivation. Lawrence married Mildred Warner in 1686 and had three children, John Washington III (1692–1746), Augustine (1694–1743) and Mildred (1698–1747). Warner (1671-1701) was a daughter of Augustine Warner Jr. and Mildred Reade. Her paternal grandparents were English settlers Augustine Warner Sr. and Mary Towneley.
Lawrence died at the age of 38 in February 1698 at Warner Hall, Gloucester County, Colony of Virginia, the same year in which his daughter was born. Following his death, Mildred Warner Washington married George Gale, who moved the family to Whitehaven, England where Mildred died in 1701 aged 30 following a difficult childbirth.
Augustine Washington was born at Bridges Creek plantation in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on November 12, 1694 to Capt. Lawrence Washington and Mildred Warner. Augustine married twice, his second marriage in 1730 to Mary Ball produced the following six children: George (eldest and first President of the United States), Elizabeth "Betty", Samuel, John, Charles and Mildred Washington.
Mary Ball (born c. 1707) was raised in the family Epping Forest estate, the only child of Joseph Ball (1649–1711), an English justice, vestryman, lieutenant colonel, and Burgess in the Colony of Virginia and Mary Johnson.
The Washington family owned land (on the banks of the Potomac River in Fairfax County, Virginia) since the time of Augustine’s grandfather John Washington in 1674. Around 1734, Augustine brought his second wife Mary and children to the plantation called Little Hunting Creek when George was about two years old. Augustine began on an expansion of the family home that continued under their son George, who began leasing the Mount Vernon estate in 1754, becoming its sole owner in 1761.
George Washington was born on February 22, 1732 at Popes Creek, Virginia, British America and the oldest of six children to Augustine and Mary Washington. He became an American political leader, military general, and founding father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Washington died on December 14, 1799, aged 67 at Mount Vernon, the families estate in Virginia. Washington had no biological children. His wife Martha Dandridge had four children from her first marriage to Daniel Parke Custis. These step-children were Daniel Custis (1751–1754), Frances Custis (1753–1757), John "Jacky" Parke Custis (1754–1781) and Martha "Patsy" Parke Custis (1756–1773).
President of the United States
This table sets out the ancestry of President George Washington for five generations, numbered according to the ahnentafel genealogical numbering system.
|Ancestors of George Washington|
Main article: Coat of arms of the Washington family