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wu
hiragana
japanese hiragana wu
katakana
japanese katakana wu
transliterationwu
hiragana origin汙/于
katakana origin
unicodeU+1B11F, U+1B122
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.Find sources: "Wu" kana – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2020)

Wu (hiragana: 𛄟, katakana: 𛄢) is a hentaigana, a variant kana or Japanese syllable.[1]

History

It is presumed that 𛄟 would have represented /β̞u/.[2][a] Along with 𛀆 and 𛀁 (yi and ye respectively), the syllable wu has no officially recognized kana, as these syllables do not occur in native Japanese words; however, during the Meiji period, linguists almost unanimously agreed on the kana for yi, ye, and wu. 𛀆 and wu are thought to have never occurred as syllables in Japanese, and 𛀁 was merged with え and エ.

Characters

In the Edo period and the Meiji period, some Japanese linguists tried to separate kana u and kana wu. The shapes of characters differed with each linguist. 𛄟 and 𛄢 were just two of many shapes.

They were phonetic symbols to fill in the blanks of the gojuon table. Japanese people didn't separate them in normal writing.

These suggestions weren't accepted.

Unicode

This kana has been encoded into Unicode 14.0 since September 14, 2021 as HIRAGANA LETTER ARCHAIC WU (U+1B11F), and KATAKANA LETTER ARCHAIC WU (U+1B122).

Notes

  1. ^ /β̞/ corresponds to what is typically represented as /w/ in modern Japanese, which is still phonetically a bilabial approximant.

References

  1. ^ a b Iannacone, Jake (2020). "Reply to The Origin of Hiragana /wu/ 平仮名のわ行うの字源に対する新たな発見"
  2. ^ Gross, Abraham (2020-01-05), Proposal to Encode Missing Japanese Kana (PDF), p. 1
  3. ^ 綴字篇
  4. ^ 村山自彊; 中島幹事 (1891). 仮名遣. 開新堂. p. 19.
  5. ^ 音韻啓蒙 : 2巻. 上巻
  6. ^ 綴字篇
  7. ^ 音韻啓蒙 : 2巻. 上巻
  8. ^ 音韻啓蒙 : 2巻. 上巻
  9. ^ 日本新文典
  10. ^ 音韻啓蒙 : 2巻. 上巻
  11. ^ 綴字篇
  12. ^ 有賀長隣. 片仮名元字. p. 4.
  13. ^ 小学日本文典入門. 巻之1
  14. ^ 綴字篇
  15. ^ 綴字篇
  16. ^ 国語仮字つかい
  17. ^ 辞礎
  18. ^ 小学日本文典入門. 巻之1

See also