Zhi-Yan dialect
Native toChina
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Distribution of the Zhi-Yan dialect within Jin Chinese (shown in purple)

The Zhi-Yan dialect (Chinese: 志延片; pinyin: Zhìyán piàn) is a dialect of Jin Chinese spoken within much of Yan'an, Shaanxi, China. The dialect is spoken throughout Baota District,[1] Zhidan County, and Yanchuan County.

Located in a transition zone between the Jin Chinese of northern Shaanxi and Guanzhong,[1] the Zhi-Yan dialect shows some transitional characteristics in both tones and vocabulary. With the exception of the checked tone, the tones between the Zhi-Yan dialect and the nearby Lüliang dialect [zh] are the same. Among ancient checked tone syllables, only fully voiced consonants still retain the checked tone, while clear and sub-voiced syllables are spoken with a high tone (Chinese: 陰平; pinyin: yīnpíng). Most tones are similar to those spoken in Guanzhong.[1] The Zhi-Yan dialect retains checked tones found in northern Shaanxi Jin, but not the checked tones found in Central Plains Mandarin.[1]

The Zhi-Yan dialect was heavily influences by a mass migration of people from nearby Yulin, who moved to Yan'an en masse in the 1930s after a famine struck Yulin.[1] As such, Zhi-Yan speakers descended from those who migrated from Yulin retain characteristics not found in other Zhi-Yan speakers, who share more characteristics with people from Guanzhong.[1]

The Zhi-Yan dialect is spoken in Baota District,[1] Zhidan County and Yanchuan County.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g 第一节 特点分布 [Part One: Distribution of features]. dfz.shaanxi.gov.cn (in Chinese). Shaanxi Provincial People's Government. Archived from the original on 2023-01-16. Retrieved 2023-01-16.