A. J. John
Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin
In office
March 1952 – March 1954
GovernorChithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (Rajapramukh)
Preceded byC. Kesavan
Succeeded byPattom A. Thanu Pillai
Governor of Madras State
In office
Appointed byRajendra Prasad
First MinisterK. Kamaraj
Succeeded byBhishnuram Medhi
Preceded bySri Prakasa
Personal details
Born(1893-07-18)18 July 1893
Thalayolaparambu, Travancore, British India
Died1 October 1957(1957-10-01) (aged 64)
Madras, Madras State, India
Political partyTravancore State Congress (Merged with Indian National Congress)

Anaparambil Joseph John (1893–1957) was an Indian freedom fighter and statesman. He was Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin and Governor of Madras State.

Early life

He was born in 1893, at Thalayolaparambu and had his primary education at the local school and finished his school final from Vaikom High School. After doing the degree in Law in 1919 from the Law College, Madras, he began his career as a lawyer.

The turning point in John's life came when he plunged into freedom struggle after abandoning his bright future in his profession. He was one of the founding leaders of Travancore State Congress.

He was in the forefront of the historic Abstention Movement which rocked Travancore for some time; an agitation against social injustice staged by the weaker sections and backward classes for proportionate representations in government service. He fought against Independent Travancore proposed by Sir C P Rama Swamy Iyer in 1946.

Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin

A. J. John's tombstone
A. J. John's tombstone

In the first general elections held in India in 1951–52, John was elected from Poonjar constituency to the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly. The Congress formed Government with AJ John as Chief Minister in March 1952 with the support of the Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress (T.T.N.C.). With the demand for merging Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu on 23 September 1953, the majority of the ministry lost due to the withdrawal of support from the T.T.N.C.[1] John served as Chief Minister until March 1954, until the new cabinet was formed.

He also served as Speaker of the first Travancore Legislative Assembly in 1948 and Minister for Home, Food, Civil Supplies and Forest in Panampally Govinda Menon Ministry from 1955 to 1956.[2]

Governor of Madras State

John was appointed Governor of Madras State in 1956. He died in October 1957, when he was the Governor of Madras State after a sudden illness.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Yogeeswaran, B. History of Travancore Tamil Struggle.
  2. ^ "Lost in the annals of history".
  3. ^ "Lost in the annals of history". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 1 November 2018.