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Ar Rass
Ar Rass is located in Saudi Arabia
Ar Rass
Ar Rass
Coordinates: 25°52′N 43°30′E / 25.867°N 43.500°E / 25.867; 43.500
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceAl Qassim Province
 • ToryAl Assaf
 • Total133,000
 • Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)

Rass (also spelled Ar Rass, or Al-Ras; Arabic: الرس) is a Saudi Arabian City, located in Al Qassim Province. It lies southwest of Buraydah, the capital of the province and north of Riyadh, the national capital.

Rass is the largest city in Al-Qassim province by area and third largest by population. Rass is Arabic for "an old well", and it was mentioned in a poem of Hassan Bin Thabit, the poet who was a companion (Sahaba) of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.[citation needed]

The city is ruled by the Al Assaf family. It has 19 official sub-governorates, and is surrounded by around two hundred villages, and Bedouin settlements, mainly on its southern and western sides. and al-Rass is a historical city that was a resource for the Arab tribes in the peninsula, and most of Najd, especially Qassim, was inhabited by the tribes of Bani Asad, which were left to be replaced by other tribes. He was the first to inhabit the Al-Rass after the Asadites, the Banu Tamim, who moved to it from Ashikar, and the Banu Lam and their most tribes followed them, the Dhafir tribe and Al-Fadoul tribe, along with the Al Katheer and Al Mughayra family.


Ibn Manzur (Lisan al-Arab 6/98) says: (Al-Ras and Al-Risse are two valleys in Najd or two places, and it was said: They are two well-known waters in the Arab countries, and Al-Rass is the name of a valley in the words of Zuhair bin Abi Salma:

They gave birth to a firstborn, and took their souls with magicians ... for they and Wadi Al-Rass are like hands in the mouth And Yaqut al-Hamwi (Mu'jam al-Buldan 3/43) says al-Rass and al-Rassis ... and religions are in Najd or two places This was mentioned by Ibn Bleehed (Sahih al-Akhbar 4/226). And Al-Asma'i said: The Ras Lubna is faint of Rahat Hammas.

Ibn al-Saket says: Rass is a valley near Aqil, with palm trees in it. Perhaps he was talking about it in his time, as it was in Jahiliyyah. Al-Rass was water that was brought back by the donkeys of the beast and its cows, and from that it became clear that Al-Rass was an ancient city that during the era of the Jahiliyyah was a source of water for the tribes, then when Islam came, it entered construction like others, since Ibn al-Skeet lived in the third century AH, no doubt That he transmitted his words from others who presented him. As mentioned in the Saudi City Atlas, the total area of Al-Rass Governorate is estimated in hectares in 1407 AH (700050) hectares, equivalent to (70000,500) square kilometers. At the present time, and after the governorate expanded thanks to the urban renaissance and the large number of migrations coming from the neighboring villages and desertions, the length of the governorate reached about 12 kilometers by 10 kilometers (120 square kilometers).


Rass has a typical Nejdi terrain, with sand dunes surrounding the town's sides, except for the western and southern sides, which are occupied by Bedouin settlements. The Wadi al-Rummah (Rumma Valley) crosses the city from its southern side to its north-eastern side. There are several medium-height plateaus, and low-height mountains surrounding the town, mainly on the southern side, which are called "Jebel Algoshie" by locals. There are several old ruins of a place by the name of "Shinanah". These were old fortifications used in battles between Al-Saud and Al-Rashid


The town of Rass has a typical desert climate, known for its cold winters and hot and aneroid summers, with low humidity. The average temperature during winter is between -3° and 21 °C. June, July, August, and September are the hottest months. In summers the degree could reach extreme levels (between 39° and 50°).


Al-Hazem Club Stadium

The main team playing in the top-flight is Al Hazem.


After the Arab tribes left Najd, among them the tribes of Bani Asad that inhabited the greater part of Qassim, other tribes took their place, and it was one of the Arab tribes that settled in Najd and the tribes of Bani Tamim or Hamidan were famous and those who moved from Ashikar to Al-Rass for work and trade as they served the province in the past And to our present time, as well as the Bani Lam, who have gained influence and dominance over most of the countries of Najd, and one of the most famous tribes of Bani Lam was the Zafir tribe. The people who lived in Alya, Najd and their outskirts, Al-Qassim, the tribes of curiosity, and the many families of Al Mughira. In the tenth century onwards, these valleys descended from Najd to Iraq and were replaced by the Anza tribes, which had their money from abundance and power and influence for a long time. And he builds some houses when he gets tired of the life of the desert, and another part works in agriculture and grows the land, and it happened between the Anza tribes and the Dafir tribes for a number of days and in the middle of the tenth century. From the migration, where the maid came to life again, after years and a long time. And groups of Arabs began to return to him with the intention of settling, as they established dwellings of mud in it, which soon formed a small village, and that was about the year 950 AH after they left the town of Ishaqir, one of the villages of al-Tashm, which was at that time one of the major lands of Najd, as was mentioned in the words of the Sheikh. Historian Ibrahim bin Saleh bin Isa, who said: (The well-known family of Saqiyyah left the country of Ashqir in the year approximately nine hundred and fifty and went to Al-Qassim, and they settled in Al-Rass, and it was in ruins without housing. They lived in it and extended it to agriculture ... etc.) and they built their homes, and their commercial contacts were in the town of Onaizah, which was in that era a source for spending their needs and household needs, which made them get acquainted with one of its settlers who used to do trade and he was called Abu Al-Hussain, whose name is Muhammad bin Ali from the Mahfouz family of Ajman Those who belong to Mukhir bin Yam from Hamadan al-Qahtani, and the friendship between him and the Saki family became stronger and they exchanged visits.

Villages belonging to Al-Ras

Al-Rass is followed by more than 200 villages. Al-Ras is the most governorate followed by the villages in the Qassim region, whether it is administrative, health, or service. Here is a list of some villages: 1. Abu Talah 2. Abu Nakhleh 3. Al-Ahmadiya 4. Al-Asamer 5. Al-Afihed 6. Al-Ba’a'a 7. Badaa’i Al-Dabtan 8. Badaa Rayman 9. Badraa 10. Al-Badi’a 11. Al-Busairi 12. Baqi’a Al-Janoubia 13. Jabirah Al-Tawal 14. Al-Jurthi 15. Al-Jarzawiyah 16. Jufrah 17. Halisa 18. Halewa 19. Hamada 20. Al-Hamada 21. Al-Haniniyyah 22. Al-Khashibi 24. Al-Khatim 25. Al-Khanqa 26. Al-Dath 27. Al-Dara

28. Dahla

Tourist Attractions

Al-Shananah Tower

Al-Shinanah Tower

Al-Shanana Tower, or Al-Shanana Observatory, is a landmark exclusively located in Al-Shinana in the Qassim region, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is approximately 7 km from the southwest of Al-Rass Governorate. It was built in the early twelfth century AH for direct use and monitoring, and it is proven that it was built after the year 1200 AH. It was said that the construction was originally built in 1208 within Al-Shinana Castle (an impenetrable fort). The construction was renewed in approximately 1233 and was restored by the Antiquities Administration in 1399 AH. It is approximately 27 meters long and has a conical shape, with a circular base with a circumference of approximately 21 metres.

Ruins of Shananah

The Shananah ruins are a small old town located on the western side of the city of Ar Rass, and what you see from it now is nothing but its relics and its remains as a result of the war between Abdul Aziz bin Rashid and between King Abdul Aziz, where the army of Abdul Aziz destroyed it

Bin Rashid. Visitors go to the village to see the remains of it and the traces of time and stories told by the ruins in the town, when you visit it you can see the remains of the old houses that were inhabited in the past and you will see the traces of the Shanana tower, mosques and wells that were destroyed and In the past, villagers used their water to irrigate their lands and farms. The town is also surrounded by some beautiful scenery that you can stroll among its trees and its open air.

Grandfathers House Museum

The Dar Al-Ajdad Museum is a private museum established and founded by the citizen Daif Allah Muhammad Abdullah Al-Ghafeel

It is about a large and spacious popular style house, and therefore it has been named the Museum of the Ancestral Home. It gives us an overview of the style of the ancestral homes.

And the ex-city and how they lived their lives in that period of time. The museum’s holdings are displayed in the large rooms and halls and corridors within it and these holdings are tools

The antique heritage that people used in the past, such as tools for making coffee, drinking and its mills, in addition to the pots that were used

Food, agricultural tools and some traditional weapons were also cooked on the walls of the museum. There are some old folk clothes that women, jewelry, and decorations wore, and there is a group of

Old cars that are a real treasure have been displayed outside the museum.

Jadiah Heritage Castle

The Jadaiya Heritage Castle is located on King Fahd Road in Al Jadaiya district in the city of Ar Rass, and Khalid bin Mohammed Al Jadaei has decided to establish

This castle is like a memorial and consolidation of his family name, so that it is now one of the most important tourist places in the Rass and Qassim region. The village was opened in 1427 AH and occupies an area of six thousand two hundred and fifty square meters and includes a group

Of the rooms, halls and heritage facilities, including a popular market, it also includes more than twenty thousand historical artifacts, including

Old coins, cooking utensils, antique weapons, and antique traditional clothing. The castle is one of the largest museums in Al-Qassim and visitors and excursions are organized to it; the number of tourists who visit it has reached

To a million tourists a year.