Arizona Supreme Court
Seal of the Arizona Supreme Court
Map
Established1912
LocationPhoenix, Arizona
Composition methodMissouri plan with retention elections
Authorized byArizona Constitution
Appeals toSupreme Court of the United States
Judge term length6 years
Number of positions7
WebsiteOfficial site
Chief Justice
CurrentlyRobert M. Brutinel
SinceJuly 1, 2019
Lead position endsJune 30, 2024[1]

The Arizona Supreme Court is the state supreme court of the U.S. state of Arizona. Sitting in the Supreme Court building in downtown Phoenix, the court consists of a chief justice, a vice chief justice, and five associate justices. Each justice is appointed by the governor of Arizona from a list recommended by a bipartisan commission. Justices stand for retention in an election two years after their appointment and then every six years.[2] They must retire at age 70.

Court history

The court started in 1912 with 3 justices. Alfred Franklin, Donald L. Cunningham, and Henry D. Ross took office on February 14, 1912. In 1949, the Court expanded from 3 to 5 justices and from 5 to 7 justices in 2016.[3][4]

The jurisdiction of the court is prescribed by Article VI, Section 5 of the Arizona Constitution.[5] Most of the appeals heard by the court go through the Arizona Court of Appeals, except for death penalty cases, over which the Arizona Supreme Court has sole appellate jurisdiction. The court also has original jurisdiction in a few other circumstances as outlined in the Arizona Constitution. A quorum is three, but the whole court must sit in order to declare a law unconstitutional.[6]

Selection of justices

Arizona Supreme Court Building in downtown Phoenix.

The Chief Justice is chosen for a five-year term by the court, and is eligible for re-election. They supervise the administration of all the inferior courts. They are Chairman of the Commission on Appellate Court Appointments, which nominates candidates to fill vacancies in the appellate courts. If the Governor fails to appoint one of the nominated candidates within sixty days of their names being submitted to her or him, the Chief Justice makes the appointment.

The Vice Chief Justice, who acts as Chief Justice in the latter's "absence or incapacity," is chosen by the court for a term determined by the court.[7]

Justices are selected by a modified form of the Missouri Plan. A bipartisan commission considers applicants and sends a list of nominees to the governor. The governor is required by law to appoint from this list based on merit, without regard to party affiliation. Justices are then retained for an initial period, after which they are subject to a retention election. If the justice wins the election, his/her term is six years.

Qualifications

Justices

Main article: List of justices of the Arizona Supreme Court

The current Arizona Supreme Court includes:

Justice Born Joined Chief Justice Term ends[a] Mandatory retirement Appointed by Law school
Robert M. Brutinel, Chief Justice (1958-03-18) March 18, 1958 (age 65) November 10, 2010 2019–present 2026 2028 Jan Brewer (R) Arizona
Ann Timmer, Vice Chief Justice (1960-09-12) September 12, 1960 (age 63) October 12, 2012 2028 2030 Jan Brewer (R) Arizona State
Clint Bolick (1957-12-26) December 26, 1957 (age 66) January 6, 2016 2025 2027 Doug Ducey (R) UC Davis
John Lopez IV 1968 (age 55–56) December 19, 2016 2026 2038 Doug Ducey (R) Arizona State
James Beene 1965 (age 58–59) April 26, 2019 2028 2035 Doug Ducey (R) Arizona
Bill Montgomery (1967-03-02) March 2, 1967 (age 56) September 6, 2019 2028 2037 Doug Ducey (R) Arizona State
Kathryn Hackett King 1980 (age 43–44) July 8, 2021 2025 2050 Doug Ducey (R) Arizona
  1. ^ Term ends Dec. 31 of the year listed.
Chief Justice Robert M. Brutinel
Vice Chief Justice Ann Timmer
Associate Justice Clint Bolick
Associate Justice John Lopez IV
Associate Justice James Beene
Associate Justice Bill Montgomery
Associate Justice Kathryn Hackett King

Chief Justices

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Notable cases

See also

References

  1. ^ "Supreme Court of Arizona - Administrative Order No. 2024-17" (PDF).
  2. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. VI, § 37.
  3. ^ William O. Douglas, Arizona's New Judicial Article, 2 ARIZ. L. REV. 159 (1960).
  4. ^ "Bill Would Add 2 New Justices To Arizona Supreme Court". KJZZ. February 25, 2016.
  5. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. VI, § 5.
  6. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. VI, § 2.
  7. ^ Ariz. Const. Art. VI, § 3.
  8. ^ "AZ Supreme Court". www.azcourts.gov.
  9. ^ Ferguson-Bohnee, Patty. "The History of Indian Voting Rights in Arizona: Overcoming Decades of Voter Suppression" (PDF). Arizona State Law Journal: 1099–1112.