Auvergne
Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha (Occitan)
Flag of Auvergne
Coat of arms of Auvergne
Coordinates: 45°20′N 3°00′E / 45.333°N 3.000°E / 45.333; 3.000
Country France
Dissolved31 December 2015
PrefectureClermont-Ferrand
Departments
4
Government
 • PresidentRené Souchon (PS)
Area
 • Total26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi)
Population
 (2013-01-01)[1]
 • Total1,357,668
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-C
GDP (2012)[2]Ranked 19th
Total€33.8 billion (US$47.29 bn)
Per capita€24,920 (US$34,868)
NUTS RegionFR7
Websiteauvergne.fr

Auvergne (/ˈvɛərn(jə), ˈvɜːrn/;[3][4][5][6] French: [ovɛʁɲ] ; Occitan: Auvèrnhe or Auvèrnha) is a former administrative region in central France, comprising the four departments of Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal and Haute-Loire. On 1 January 2016, the region was dissolved and its territory has been part of the new region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.[7]

The administrative region of Auvergne is larger than the historical province of Auvergne, one of the seven counties of Occitania, and includes provinces and areas that historically were not part of Auvergne. The Auvergne region is composed of the following old provinces:

Velay, Gévaudan, and Vivarais are often considered to be sub-provinces of the old province of Languedoc. Forez is also often considered to be a sub-province of Lyonnais. Therefore, the modern region of Auvergne is composed of the provinces of Auvergne, major part of Bourbonnais, and parts of Languedoc and Lyonnais.

Geography

Auvergne had an area of 26,013 square kilometres (10,044 sq mi), which is 4.8% of France's total area. Auvergne was one of the smallest regions in France during its existence.

Auvergne was bordered by the administrative regions of Centre-Val de Loire and Burgundy to the north, Rhône-Alpes to the east, Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées to the south, and Limousin.

Gastronomy

The Auvergne region is known for producing cheese, such as Cantal and Salers cheeses. Much of its cuisine in the region uses fresh ingredients, such as vegetables and meats. Beef production is also produced very well in the region.

References

  1. ^ INSEE (31 December 2015). "Populations légales 2013" [2013 legal populations] (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  2. ^ INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012" (in French). Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Auvergne". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Auvergne". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Auvergne". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2022-03-31.
  6. ^ "Auvergne". Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  7. ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French).