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Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi
26th Chief Justice of India
In office
25 October 1994 – 24 March 1997
Nominated bynone (per convention as he was the senior most judge)
Appointed byShankar Dayal Sharma
Preceded byM. N. Venkatachaliah
Succeeded byJ. S. Verma
Chancellor, Aligarh Muslim University[1]
In office
Preceded bySyedna Mohammed Burhanuddin
Succeeded bySyedna Mufaddal Saifuddin
Personal details
Born(1932-03-25)25 March 1932
Surat, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died2 March 2023(2023-03-02) (aged 90)
SpouseAmena Ahmadi
Shankar Dayal Sharma and Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi

Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi (25 March 1932 – 2 March 2023) was an Indian judge who was the 26th Chief Justice of India. After serving as a judge in the Gujarat High Court, Ahmadi was appointed judge to the Supreme Court in 1988. He was then elevated to the post of Chief Justice, and served from 1994 to 1997. He served as chancellor at the Aligarh Muslim University for two terms.[1]

Judicial career

Having received Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.), Ahmadi joined the bar in 1954. He eventually was appointed judge to the City Civil & Sessions Court of Ahmedabad in 1964. During this time, Ahmadi was appointed secretary of the legal affairs of the state of Gujarat in 1974, which soon led to an appointment as judge of the Gujarat High Court in 1976.

As judge of the Gujarat High Court, Ahmadi worked as chairman of various advisory boards for:

He worked as a member of the Ravi & Beas Waters Disputes Tribunal under the Rajiv-Longowal Settlement (Punjab Settlement).

Ultimately this led to an appointment as a justice in the Supreme Court of India in December 1988. After six years, Ahmadi was appointed Chief Justice of India in October 1994. Ahmadi became the third Muslim ever to serve as Chief Justice of India.[2] After serving for two and a half years, he eventually stepped down to retire in March 1997.

Foreign recognition

Among many recognitions include:[citation needed]

Post-Retirement career

Chancellor at Aligarh

After stepping down from the supreme court, Ahmadi became chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University. In 2007, Ahmadi was re-elected chancellor of Aligarh for three years.[3]

After entering academia, he was invited to speak at various universities and forums worldwide. Particularly in India, he used his status to speak out on political issues such as minority rights.

Muslim Rights

Using his status, Ahmadi also continued to speak out for Muslim rights in India, himself being a Muslim from the Dawoodi Bohra community.[2] He remained active in Indian politics as an advocate of minority rights, latterly through a book entitled A Guide To Uplift Minorities by the city-based[clarification needed] Human Welfare Trust [1].

Putting emphasis on education, Ahmadi frequently mentioned that the vast Muslim population of India struggled to put children in school. He encouraged federal and state governments to solve this problem, stating that, "the country simply cannot afford to have a certain percentage of population unable to contribute to the country's development."[4]


Ahmadi was a sought-after arbitrator in high-value domestic as well as international arbitration matters.[citation needed]


Ahmadi died on 2 March 2023, at the age of 91.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Chancellors of AMU". Archived from the original on 17 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Mahmood, Tahir (3 March 2023). "Tahir Mahmood writes: Chief Justice Aziz Ahmadi, a gentleman on the Bench". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 25 December 2023. Retrieved 24 February 2024.
  3. ^ The Hindu: New Delhi News – ICRI to launch new course in clinical research – 1/25/07
  4. ^ "Keynote Address at the National Convention On Empowerment of Muslims through the Constitution of India". Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Former Chief Justice Of India AM Ahmadi Passes Away". Live Law. 2 March 2023. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
Legal offices Preceded byManepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah Chief Justice of India 25 October 1994 – 24 March 1997 Succeeded byJagdish Sharan Verma