Bedouin violin players, Middle East, circa 1880s.

Bedouin music (Arabic: الموسيقى البدوية) is the music of nomadic Bedouin Arab tribes in the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, Mesopotamia and the Levant.[1] It is closely linked to its text and poems. Songs are based on poetry and are sung either unaccompanied, or to the stringed instrument, the rebab.[1] Traditional instruments are the rebab and various woodwinds.[2] Examples of Bedouin music are the Samri of Saudi Arabia,[3] Aita of Morocco, and the internationally recognised Rai of Algeria.[4]


  1. ^ a b "Traditional Bedouin Music". Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2007. Microsoft Corporation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2007-09-20.
  2. ^ "Bedouin music". Bedouin Discovery. 2017-01-20. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  3. ^ Middle East Report, No. 169, Crossing the Line, (Mar. – Apr., 1991), pp. 39–42
  4. ^ "An Introduction to Northern African Rai Music". LiveAbout. Retrieved 2022-10-07.