Assyrian youth in folk costume dancing khigga.
Assyrian youth in folk costume dancing khigga.

Assyrian folk dances are sets of dances that are performed throughout the world by Assyrians, mostly on occasions such as weddings, community parties and other jubilant events.[1]

Assyrian folk dances are mainly made up of circle dances that are performed in a line, which may be straight, curved, or both. Most of the dances allow unlimited number of participants, with the exception of the Sabre Dance, which require three at most. Assyrian dances would vary from weak to strong, depending on the mood and tempo of a song.

Assyrian folk dances belong to five metric groups: 2
4
(10 dances), 4
4
(6 dances), 6
8
(13 dances), 9
8
(1 dance), 10
8
(1 dance). The tempo would usually range from slow (70 beats per minute) to very fast (140 beats).[2]

Technique

Lore clothing may be worn in the folk dance.
Lore clothing may be worn in the folk dance.

All Assyrians dances, with the exception of the Sabre Dance, are done in a connected circle. Most Assyrian circle dances are lateral, vining and open-ended, where more and more participants can join the dance. In an open floor space, the lines assume open circular shapes where they tend to curve and acquire spiral shapes as determined by floor space availability.[3]

There are only five ways of moving the body; Step, leap, run, hop and jump. The legs are also used to stamp, stomp and kick. The arms are used predominantly and they'd usually move independently of the legs. Arm gestures include bouncing, swinging forward and back, moving side-to-side, lifting above the head and clapping.

In many dances, the torso, along with the shoulders and arms, bounce up and down rhythmically. Stomps and stamps are also executed in Assyrian folk dances. Knee bends, deep squats and leg extensions are a regular occurrence in Assyrian dance.[4]

The connections include, hand-to-hand, hand to shoulder, and hand to hip, with hand-to-hand being the most popular. The hand-to-hand type has three connections; The "W", the "V" and the "T". The "W" arm hold is the most common where the arms are raised into the "W" position (or, at least, it appears to look like the letter W). The "T" dance is where hands are placed on other participants's shoulders. This is the least common dance of the three.[5]

Dances

Fast pace

Gubbare
Gubbare
Bablaka
Bablaka

Moderate pace

Khigga
Khigga
Tamzara
Tamzara

Slow pace

Sheikhani
Sheikhani
Bagiye
Bagiye

Other dances

These Assyrian folk dances are rarely danced, but they're still practiced within some tribes and/or special events:

Gallery

Audio

Audio excerpts of each Assyrian common dance style:

Video

Video excerpts of the common Assyrian dance styles:

See also

References

  1. ^ Andrae, W. Farbige kemik aus Assur, Fig. 29, s.24
  2. ^ Stauder, W. Harfen Und Leiern Vorderasiens im Babylonischer under Assyrischer Zeit, s. 51-55, 36-38
  3. ^ Engel, Carl. The Musik of the most ancient nation, London, 1864.
  4. ^ Anca Giurchescu, Sunni Bloland; Romanian Traditional Dance; Wild Flower Press; Mill Valley, California; 1995
  5. ^ Subhi Anwar Rashid, Mesopotamien, Abb 137
  6. ^ Rudolf Laban, The Mastery of Movement; Boston: Plays; 1950.
  7. ^ Subhi Anwar Rashid, Mesopotamien (Musikgeschichte in Bildern, Leipzig 1984, S. 130 Abb 147
  8. ^ Subhi Anwar Rashid, The History of Musical Instruments in Old Iraq, Fig. 41 (In Arabic)