Beryllium bromide
IUPAC name
Beryllium bromide
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.196 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 232-115-9
  • InChI=1S/Be.2BrH/h;2*1H/q+2;;/p-2 checkY
  • InChI=1/Be.2BrH/h;2*1H/q+2;;/p-2
  • Br[Be-2](Br)([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1([Br+]1)[Br+][Be-2]1(Br)Br
Molar mass 168.820 g/mol
Appearance colorless white crystals
Density 3.465 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Melting point 508 °C (946 °F; 781 K)sublimes at 473 °C (883 °F; 746 K)
Boiling point 520 °C (968 °F; 793 K)[1]
Solubility soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, pyridine
insoluble in benzene
0.4111 J/g K
9.5395 J/K
-2.094 kJ/g
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
see Berylliosis
GHS labelling:
GHS06: ToxicGHS08: Health hazardGHS09: Environmental hazard
H301, H315, H317, H319, H330, H335, H350i, H372, H411
P260, P301+P310, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P320, P330, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
NFPA 704 four-colored diamondHealth 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g. VX gasFlammability 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterInstability 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no code
NIOSH (US health exposure limits):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 0.002 mg/m3
C 0.005 mg/m3 (30 minutes), with a maximum peak of 0.025 mg/m3 (as Be)[2]
REL (Recommended)
Ca C 0.0005 mg/m3 (as Be)[2]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Ca [4 mg/m3 (as Be)][2]
Related compounds
Other anions
Beryllium fluoride
Beryllium chloride
Beryllium iodide
Other cations
Magnesium bromide
Calcium bromide
Strontium bromide
Barium bromide
Radium bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Beryllium bromide is the chemical compound with the formula BeBr2. It is very hygroscopic and dissolves well in water. The compound is a polymer with tetrahedral coordinated Be centres.[3]

Preparation and reactions

It can be prepared by reacting beryllium metal with elemental bromine at temperatures of 500 °C to 700 °C:[1]

Be + Br2 → BeBr2

Beryllium bromide is also formed when treating beryllium oxide with hydrobromic acid:

BeO + 2 HBr → BeBr2 + H2O

It hydrolyzes slowly in water: BeBr2 + 2 H2O → 2 HBr + Be(OH)2


Two forms (polymorphs) of BeBr2 are known. Both structures consist of tetrahedral Be2+ centers interconnected by doubly bridging bromide ligands. One form consist of edge-sharing polytetrahedra. The other form resembles zinc iodide with interconnected adamantane-like cages.[4]


Beryllium compounds are toxic if inhaled or ingested.


  1. ^ a b c Perry, Dale L.; Phillips, Sidney L. (1995), Handbook of Inorganic Compounds, CRC Press, pp. 61–62, ISBN 0-8493-8671-3, retrieved 2007-12-10
  2. ^ a b c NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0054". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  3. ^ Crystal modifications of Beryllium dihalides BeCl2, BeBr2, and BeI2 Troyanov, S. I. Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii (2000), 45(10), 1619-1624.
  4. ^ Buchner, Magnus R.; Dankert, Fabian; Spang, Nils; Pielnhofer, Florian; von Hänisch, Carsten (2020). "A Second Modification of Beryllium Bromide: β-BeBr2". Inorganic Chemistry. 59 (23): 16783–16788. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c02832. PMID 33185106. S2CID 226850424.