Lithium bromide

__ Li+     __ Br
IUPAC name
Lithium bromide
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.028.582 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 231-439-8
RTECS number
  • OJ5755000
  • InChI=1S/BrH.Li/h1H;/q;+1/p-1 checkY
  • InChI=1/BrH.Li/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
  • [Li+].[Br-]
Molar mass 86.845 g/mol[1]
Appearance White hygroscopic solid[1]
Density 3.464 g/cm3[1]
Melting point 550 °C (1,022 °F; 823 K)[1]
Boiling point 1,300 °C (2,370 °F; 1,570 K)[1]
143 g/100 mL (0 °C)
166.7 g/100 mL (20 °C)
266 g/100 mL (100 °C)[2]
Solubility soluble in methanol, ethanol,[1] ether,[1] acetone
slightly soluble in pyridine
−34.3·10−6 cm3/mol[3]
1.7843 (589 nm)[4]
Cubic, Pearson symbol cF8, No. 225
a = 0.5496 nm
74.3 J/mol K
-351.2 kJ/mol
-342.0 kJ/mol
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
H315, H317, H319[7]
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
NFPA 704 four-colored diamondHealth 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g. chloroformFlammability 0: Will not burn. E.g. waterInstability 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no code
Flash point Not-flammable
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
1800 mg/kg (oral, rat)[8]
Related compounds
Other anions
Lithium fluoride
Lithium chloride
Lithium iodide
Other cations
Sodium bromide
Potassium bromide
Rubidium bromide
Caesium bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

Lithium bromide (LiBr) is a chemical compound of lithium and bromine. Its extreme hygroscopic character makes LiBr useful as a desiccant in certain air conditioning systems.[9]

Production and properties

Solubility of LiBr in water as a function of temperature
Phase diagram of LiBr

LiBr is prepared by treating an aqueous suspension of lithium carbonate with hydrobromic acid or by reacting lithium hydroxide with bromine.[9] It forms several crystalline hydrates, unlike the other alkali metal bromides.[10]

Lithium hydroxide and hydrobromic acid (aqueous solution of hydrogen bromide) will precipitate lithium bromide in the presence of water.

LiOH + HBr → LiBr + H2O


A 50–60% aqueous solution of lithium bromide is used in air-conditioning systems as desiccant. It is also used in absorption chilling along with water (see absorption refrigerator). Solid LiBr is a useful reagent in organic synthesis. It is included into oxidation and hydroformylation catalysts; it is also used for deprotonation and dehydration of organic compounds containing acidic protons, and for the purification of steroids and prostaglandins.[9]

Medical applications

Lithium bromide was used as a sedative beginning in the early 1900s, but it fell into disfavor in the 1940s as newer sedatives became available and when some heart patients died after using the salt substitute lithium chloride.[11] Like lithium carbonate and lithium chloride, it was used as treatment for bipolar disorder.


Lithium salts are psychoactive and somewhat corrosive. Heat is quickly generated when lithium bromide is dissolved into water because it has a negative enthalpy of solution.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Haynes, p. 4.70
  2. ^ Haynes, p. 5.169
  3. ^ Haynes, p. 4.128
  4. ^ Haynes, p. 10.249
  5. ^ Seifert, H.-J.; Dau, E. (1972). "Über die Systeme Alkalimetallbromid/Mangan(II)-bromid". Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie. 391 (3): 302–312. doi:10.1002/zaac.19723910311.
  6. ^ Haynes, p. 5.25
  7. ^ Lithium bromide. SIgma Aldrich
  8. ^ Chambers, Michael. "ChemIDplus – 7550-35-8 – AMXOYNBUYSYVKV-UHFFFAOYSA-M – Lithium bromide – Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Wietelmann, Ulrich and Bauer, Richard J. (2005) "Lithium and Lithium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry Wiley-VCH: Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a15_393.pub2
  10. ^ Holleman, Arnold Frederik; Wiberg, Egon (2001), Wiberg, Nils (ed.), Inorganic Chemistry, translated by Eagleson, Mary; Brewer, William, San Diego/Berlin: Academic Press/De Gruyter, ISBN 0-12-352651-5
  11. ^ "Bipolar Disorder: Treatment and Care". Retrieved 3 April 2018.

Cited sources