|AHFS/Drugs.com||International Drug Names|
|Oral; injection (intramuscular or slow intravenous); topical (ophthalmic/nasal solution)|
|Metabolism||Hepatic hydroxylation, demethylation and glucuronidation|
|Elimination half-life||16 - 19 hrs (oral), 8 - 7 hrs (i.v.) |
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||240.350 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Pheniramine (trade name Avil among others) is an antihistamine with anticholinergic properties used to treat allergic conditions such as hay fever or urticaria. It has relatively strong sedative effects, and may sometimes be used off-label as an over-the-counter sleeping pill in a similar manner to other sedating antihistamines such as diphenhydramine. Pheniramine is also commonly found in eyedrops used for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis.
It was patented in 1948. Pheniramine is generally sold in combination with other medications, rather than as a stand-alone drug, although some formulations are available containing pheniramine by itself.
Pheniramine may cause drowsiness or Tachycardia, and over-dosage may lead to sleep disorders.
Overdose may lead to seizures, especially in combination with alcohol.
People combining with cortisol in the long term should avoid pheniramine as it may decrease levels of adrenaline (epinephrine) which may lead to loss of consciousness.
Pheniramine is a deliriant (hallucinogen) in toxic doses. Recreational use of Coricidin for the dissociative (hallucinogenic) effect of its dextromethorphan is hazardous because it also contains chlorpheniramine.
Halogenation of pheniramine increases its potency 20-fold. Halogenated derivatives of pheniramine include chlorphenamine, brompheniramine, dexchlorpheniramine, dexbrompheniramine, and zimelidine. Two other halogenated derivatives, fluorpheniramine and iodopheniramine, are currently in use for research on combination therapies for malaria and some cancers.
Other analogs include diphenhydramine, and doxylamine.
Pheniramine contains a stereocenter and can exists as either of two enantiomers. The pharmaceutical drug is a racemate, an equal mixture of the (R)- and (S)-forms.
|Enantiomers of pheniramine|
CAS number: 56141-72-1
CAS number: 23201-92-5
|For topical use|