Butyrylcholine
Butyrylcholine
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-(Butanoyloxy)-N,N,N-trimethylethan-1-aminium
Other names
  • BCh
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
  • InChI=1S/C9H20NO2/c1-5-6-8(11)9(12)7-10(2,3)4/h9,12H,5-7H2,1-4H3/q+1 checkY
    Key: MIJKNCXGUHHZJA-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C9H20NO2/c1-5-6-8(11)9(12)7-10(2,3)4/h9,12H,5-7H2,1-4H3/q+1
    Key: MIJKNCXGUHHZJA-UHFFFAOYAU
  • O=C(CCC)OCC[N+](C)(C)C
Properties
C9H20NO2+
Molar mass 174.262 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

Butyrylcholine is a choline-based ester that can function as a neurotransmitter. It is similar to acetylcholine, with activation of some of the same receptors as acetylcholine. Butyrylcholine is a synthetic compound and does not occur in the body naturally. It is used as a clinical laboratory tool to distinguish between the cholinesterases; acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase preferentially lyse acetylcholine and butyrylcholine, respectively.[1] It is also known as pseudocholinesterase.[2]

References

  1. ^ "Butyrylcholine".
  2. ^ Chatonnet, A.; Lockridge, O. (1989). "Comparison of butyrylcholinesterase and acetylcholinesterase". Biochemical Journal. 260 (3): 625–634. doi:10.1042/bj2600625. PMC 1138724. PMID 2669736.