Clinical data
Trade namesBepreve
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
Routes of
Oral, eye drops
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
BioavailabilityHigh (oral)
Minimal (topical)
Protein binding~55%
ExcretionRenal (75–85
  • 4-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)-pyridin-2-ylmethoxy]piperidin-1-yl]butanoic acid
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass388.89 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • Clc1ccc(cc1)C(OC2CCN(CCCC(=O)O)CC2)c3ncccc3
  • InChI=1S/C21H25ClN2O3/c22-17-8-6-16(7-9-17)21(19-4-1-2-12-23-19)27-18-10-14-24(15-11-18)13-3-5-20(25)26/h1-2,4,6-9,12,18,21H,3,5,10-11,13-15H2,(H,25,26) checkY
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Bepotastine (Talion, Bepreve) is a 2nd generation antihistamine.[2] It was approved in Japan for use in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria/pruritus in July 2000, and January 2002, respectively. It is marketed in the United States as an eye drop under the brand name Bepreve, by ISTA Pharmaceuticals, a subsidiary of Bausch + Lomb.[citation needed]


Bepotastine is available as an ophthalmic solution and oral tablet. It is a direct H1-receptor antagonist that inhibits the release of histamine from mast cells.[3] The ophthalmic formulation has shown minimal systemic absorption, between 1 and 1.5% in healthy adults.[4] Common side effects are eye irritation, headache, unpleasant taste, and nasopharyngitis.[4] The main route of elimination is urinary excretion, 75-90% excreted unchanged.[4]

Marketing history

It is marketed in Japan by Tanabe Seiyaku under the brand name Talion. Talion was co-developed by Tanabe Seiyaku and Ube Industries, the latter of which discovered bepotastine. In 2001, Tanabe Seiyaku granted Senju, now owned by Allergan, exclusive worldwide rights, with the exception of certain Asian countries, to develop, manufacture and market bepotastine for ophthalmic use. Senju, in turn, has granted the United States rights for the ophthalmic preparation to ISTA Pharmaceuticals.

Sales and patents

In 2011, ISTA pharmaceuticals experienced a 2.4% increase in net revenues from 2010, which was driven by the sales of Bepreve. Their net revenue for 2011 was $160.3 million.[5] ISTA Pharmaceuticals was acquired by Bausch & Lomb in March 2012 for $500 million.[6] Bausch & Lomb hold the patent for bepotastine besilate ( On November 26, 2014, Bausch & Lomb sued Micro Labs USA for patent infringement.[7] Bausch & Lomb was recently bought out by Valeant Pharmaceuticals in May 2013 for $8.57 billion, Valeant's largest acquisition to date, causing the company's stock to rise 25% when the deal was announced.[8]

Clinical trials

A Phase III clinical trial was carried out in 2010 to evaluate the effectiveness of bepotastine besilate ophthalmic solutions 1.0% and 1.5%.[9] These solutions were compared to a placebo and evaluated for their ability to reduce ocular itchiness. The study was carried out with 130 individuals and evaluated after 15 minutes, 8 hours, or 16 hours. There was a reduction in itchiness at all-time points for both ophthalmic solutions. The study concluded that bepotastine besilate ophthalmic formulations reduced ocular itchiness for at least 8 hours after dosing compared to placebo. Phase I and II trials were carried out in Japan.

Studies have been performed in animals and bepotastine besilate was not found to be teratogenic in rats during fetal development, even at 3,300 times more than typical use in humans.[4] Evidence of infertility was seen in rats at 33,000 times the typical ocular dose in humans.[4] The safety and efficacy has not been established in patients under 2 years of age and has been extrapolated from adults for patients under 10 years of age.[4]


  1. ^ "Health Canada New Drug Authorizations: 2016 Highlights". Health Canada. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  2. ^ Takahashi H, Ishida-Yamamoto A, Iizuka H (September 2004). "Effects of bepotastine, cetirizine, fexofenadine, and olopatadine on histamine-induced wheal-and flare-response, sedation, and psychomotor performance". Clinical and Experimental Dermatology. 29 (5): 526–32. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2004.01618.x. PMID 15347340. S2CID 9843760.
  3. ^ "Bepotastine Monograph". Lexicomp.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Bepreve prescribing Information" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  5. ^ "2011 Net Revenues Increase to $160.3 Million On an Adjusted Cash Net Income Basis, ISTA Posts Second Year of Profitability Company Reaffirms 2012 Financial Guidance". Last 10K. February 23, 2012.
  6. ^ "Bausch & Lomb to Buy ISTA Pharmaceuticals for $500 Million". DealBook. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
  7. ^ "Bausch & Lomb Inc. et al. v. Micro Labs USA, Inc. et al". Patent Docs. JD Supra, LLC. December 8, 2014.
  8. ^ Blackwell R, Silcoff S, Marotte B (27 May 2013). "Valenant pharmaceuticals eyes China with Bausch deal". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013.
  9. ^ Macejko TT, Bergmann MT, Williams JI, Gow JA, Gomes PJ, McNamara TR, Abelson MB (July 2010). "Multicenter clinical evaluation of bepotastine besilate ophthalmic solutions 1.0% and 1.5% to treat allergic conjunctivitis". American Journal of Ophthalmology. 150 (1): 122–127.e5. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2010.02.007. PMID 20488431.