Clinical data
Routes of
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: uncontrolled
  • N,N-dimethyl-2-(1-methyl-4,9-dihydro-3H-indeno[2,3-c]pyran-1-yl)ethanamine
CAS Number
PubChem CID
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass257.377 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CC1(C2=C(CCO1)C3=CC=CC=C3C2)CCN(C)C
  • InChI=1S/C17H23NO/c1-17(9-10-18(2)3)16-12-13-6-4-5-7-14(13)15(16)8-11-19-17/h4-7H,8-12H2,1-3H3

Pirandamine (AY-23,713) is a tricyclic derivative which acts as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).[1][2][3] It was investigated in the 1970s as a potential antidepressant but clinical development was not commenced and it was never marketed.[1] Pirandamine is structurally related to tandamine, which, in contrast, is a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.[1][3]


Pirandamine synthesis:[4]

The Reformatsky reaction between 1-indanone [83-33-0] (1) and ethyl bromoacetate [105-36-2] in the presence of zinc gives ethyl 2-(1-hydroxy-2,3-dihydroinden-1-yl)acetate [1620-02-6] (2). The reduction of the ester with ester with LiAlH4 gives 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ol, CID:130147665 (3). Acid catalyzed dehydration then leads to indene-3-ethanol [57931-97-2] (4'). Acid catalyzed condensation with ethyl acetoacetate [141-97-9] then gives CID:53692067 (5) The saponification of the ester to the corresponding acid [52001-26-0]. The reaction of this with ethyl chloroformate would give a mixed anhydride, and further reaction of this with dimethylamine then led to the amide [52001-28-2] (6). Reduction with lithium aluminium hydride completes the synthesis of pirandamine (7).

See also


  1. ^ a b c Pugsley T, Lippmann W (May 1976). "Effects of tandamine and pirandamine, new potential antidepressants, on the brain uptake of norepinephrine and 5-hydroxytryptamine and related activities". Psychopharmacology. 47 (1): 33–41. doi:10.1007/BF00428698. PMID 1085452. S2CID 8354739.
  2. ^ Lippmann W, Pugsley TA (August 1976). "Pirandamine, a relatively selective 5-hydroxytryptamine uptake inhibitor". Pharmacological Research Communications. 8 (4): 387–405. doi:10.1016/0031-6989(76)90039-4. PMID 1088377.
  3. ^ a b Lippmann W, Seethaler K (April 1977). "Effects of tandamine and pirandamine, selective blockers of biogenic amine uptake mechanisms, on gastric acid secretion and ulcer formation in the rat". Life Sciences. 20 (8): 1393–400. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(77)90367-8. PMID 853871.
  4. ^ I. Jirkovsky, L. G. Humber and R. Noureldin,Eur. J. Med. Chem., 11, 571 (1976).
  5. ^ "Prindamine CAS#: 21489-22-5".