Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
ATC code
  • 10-[3-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)propyl]-10H-phenothiazine
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.001.435 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass339.50 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • InChI=1S/C20H25N3S/c1-21-13-15-22(16-14-21)11-6-12-23-17-7-2-4-9-19(17)24-20-10-5-3-8-18(20)23/h2-5,7-10H,6,11-16H2,1H3 ☒N
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Perazine (Taxilan) is a moderate-potency typical antipsychotic of the phenothiazine class. It is quite similar to chlorpromazine, and acts as a dopamine antagonist. A 2014 systematic review compared it with other antipsychotic drugs:

Perazine versus other antipsychotic drugs for schizophrenia[1]
The number, size and reporting of randomized controlled perazine trials are insufficient to present firm conclusions about the properties of this antipsychotic. It is possible that perazine is associated with a similar risk of extrapyramidal side effects as some atypical antipsychotics but this is based on few comparisons of limited power.[1]


Perazine synthesis:[2][3] Patents:[4][5] Alternate source:[6][7]

Phenothiazine-10-propionitrile [1698-80-2] (1) is treated with a mixture of acid and alcohol giving Methyl phenothiazinepropionate, CID:368244 (2). Heating with 1-methylpiperazine (3) gives the amide [91508-47-3] (4). Reduction of this last by means of diborane yields Perazine (5).

See also


  1. ^ a b Leucht S, Helfer B, Hartung B (January 2014). "Perazine for schizophrenia". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1 (1): CD002832. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002832.pub3. PMC 11015532. PMID 24425538.
  2. ^ Hromatka, O.; Sauter, F.; Schlager, L. H. (1957). "Untersuchungen über Phenthiazinderivate III: Über die Synthese von 10-(Piperazinoalkyl)-phenthiazinen". Monatshefte für Chemie. 88 (2): 193–201. doi:10.1007/BF00901625.
  3. ^ Hromatka, O.; Stehlik, G.; Sauter, F. (1960). "Untersuchungen über Phenthiazinderivate, 12. Mitt.: Reaktionen zur Géwinnung von 10-(?-Methylpiperazinylpropyl)-phenthiazin". Monatshefte für Chemie 91 (1): 107–116. doi:10.1007/BF00903173.
  4. ^ GB780193 idem Horclois Raymond Jacques, U.S. patent 2,902,485 (1957 to Rhône-Poulenc).
  5. ^ Anon., GB 901187  (1962 to Chemische Fabrik Promonta GmbH).
  6. ^ Owen, Terence C. (1984). "Synthesis of perazine". Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry. 21 (1): 265–266. doi:10.1002/jhet.5570210154.
  7. ^ Brufani; Cesta; Filocamo; Lappa; Marta; Pomponi; Meroni; Pagella Farmaco, 1992, vol. 47, # 5 p. 585 – 597.