|AHFS/Drugs.com||International Drug Names|
|Elimination half-life||Tandospirone: 2–3 hours|
1-PP: 3–5 hours
|Excretion||Urine (70%; 0.1% as unchanged drug)|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||383.496 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
|(what is this?)|
Tandospirone (brand name Sediel) is an anxiolytic and antidepressant drug used in China and Japan, where it is marketed by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma. It is a member of the azapirone class of drugs and is closely related to other azapirones like buspirone and gepirone.
Tandospirone is most commonly used as a treatment for anxiety and depressive disorders, such as generalised anxiety disorder and dysthymia respectively. For both indications it usually takes a couple of weeks for therapeutic effects to begin to be seen, although at higher doses more rapid anxiolytic responses have been seen. It has also been used successfully as a treatment for bruxism.
Tandospirone can be used as an effective augmentation,[clarification needed] especially when coupled with fluoxetine or clomipramine.
Tandospirone has been tried successfully as an adjunctive treatment for cognitive symptoms[clarification needed] in schizophrenic individuals.
Common adverse effects include:
Adverse effects with unknown frequency include:
It is not believed to be addictive but is known to produce mild withdrawal effects (e.g., anorexia) after abrupt discontinuation.
Tandospirone acts as a potent and selective 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist, with a Ki affinity value of 27 ± 5 nM and approximately 55 to 85% intrinsic activity. It has relatively weak affinity for the 5-HT2A (1,300 ± 200), 5-HT2C (2,600 ± 60), α1-adrenergic (1,600 ± 80), α2-adrenergic (1,900 ± 400), D1 (41,000 ± 10,000), and D2 (1,700 ± 300) receptors, and is essentially inactive at the 5-HT1B, 5-HT1D, β-adrenergic, and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, serotonin transporter, and benzodiazepine allosteric site of the GABAA receptor (all of which are > 100,000). There is evidence of tandospirone having low but significant antagonistic activity at the α2-adrenergic receptor through its active metabolite 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)piperazine (1-PP).
Tandospirone has also been known as metanopirone.
The catalytic hydrogenation of cis-5-Norbornene-exo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride [129-64-6] (1) gives Norbornane-2exo,3exo-dicarboxylic Acid-anhydride [14166-28-0] (2). Reaction with aqueous ammonia leads to Exo-2,3-norbornanedicarboximide [14805-29-9] (3). Alkylation with 1,4-dibromobutane [110-52-1] (4) gives CID:10661911 (5). Alkylation of the remaining halogen with 2-(1-Piperazinyl)Pyrimidine [20980-22-7] (6) completed the synthesis of Tandospirone (7).