Clinical data
Trade namesPiportil
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
Routes of
Oral, IM
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • BR: Class C1 (Other controlled substances)[1]
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
  • 10-[3-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperidyl]propyl]-N,N-dimethyl-phenothiazine-2-sulfonamide
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.049.672 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass475.67 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Pipotiazine (Piportil), also known as pipothiazine, is a typical antipsychotic of the phenothiazine class[2] used in the United Kingdom and other countries for the treatment of schizophrenia.[3] Its properties are similar to those of chlorpromazine. A 2004 systematic review investigated its efficacy for people with schizophrenia:

Pipotiazine palmitate compared to oral antipsychotics for schizophrenia[4]
Although well-conducted and reported randomized trials are still needed to fully inform practice (no trial data exists reporting hospital and services outcomes, quality of life, satisfaction with care and economics) pipotiazine palmitate is a viable choice for both clinician and person with schizophrenia.[4]
Pharmacokinetics of long-acting injectable antipsychotics
Medication Brand name Class Vehicle Dosage Tmax t1/2 single t1/2 multiple logPc Ref
Aripiprazole lauroxil Aristada Atypical Watera 441–1064 mg/4–8 weeks 24–35 days ? 54–57 days 7.9–10.0
Aripiprazole monohydrate Abilify Maintena Atypical Watera 300–400 mg/4 weeks 7 days ? 30–47 days 4.9–5.2
Bromperidol decanoate Impromen Decanoas Typical Sesame oil 40–300 mg/4 weeks 3–9 days ? 21–25 days 7.9 [5]
Clopentixol decanoate Sordinol Depot Typical Viscoleob 50–600 mg/1–4 weeks 4–7 days ? 19 days 9.0 [6]
Flupentixol decanoate Depixol Typical Viscoleob 10–200 mg/2–4 weeks 4–10 days 8 days 17 days 7.2–9.2 [6][7]
Fluphenazine decanoate Prolixin Decanoate Typical Sesame oil 12.5–100 mg/2–5 weeks 1–2 days 1–10 days 14–100 days 7.2–9.0 [8][9][10]
Fluphenazine enanthate Prolixin Enanthate Typical Sesame oil 12.5–100 mg/1–4 weeks 2–3 days 4 days ? 6.4–7.4 [9]
Fluspirilene Imap, Redeptin Typical Watera 2–12 mg/1 week 1–8 days 7 days ? 5.2–5.8 [11]
Haloperidol decanoate Haldol Decanoate Typical Sesame oil 20–400 mg/2–4 weeks 3–9 days 18–21 days 7.2–7.9 [12][13]
Olanzapine pamoate Zyprexa Relprevv Atypical Watera 150–405 mg/2–4 weeks 7 days ? 30 days
Oxyprothepin decanoate Meclopin Typical ? ? ? ? ? 8.5–8.7
Paliperidone palmitate Invega Sustenna Atypical Watera 39–819 mg/4–12 weeks 13–33 days 25–139 days ? 8.1–10.1
Perphenazine decanoate Trilafon Dekanoat Typical Sesame oil 50–200 mg/2–4 weeks ? ? 27 days 8.9
Perphenazine enanthate Trilafon Enanthate Typical Sesame oil 25–200 mg/2 weeks 2–3 days ? 4–7 days 6.4–7.2 [14]
Pipotiazine palmitate Piportil Longum Typical Viscoleob 25–400 mg/4 weeks 9–10 days ? 14–21 days 8.5–11.6 [7]
Pipotiazine undecylenate Piportil Medium Typical Sesame oil 100–200 mg/2 weeks ? ? ? 8.4
Risperidone Risperdal Consta Atypical Microspheres 12.5–75 mg/2 weeks 21 days ? 3–6 days
Zuclopentixol acetate Clopixol Acuphase Typical Viscoleob 50–200 mg/1–3 days 1–2 days 1–2 days 4.7–4.9
Zuclopentixol decanoate Clopixol Depot Typical Viscoleob 50–800 mg/2–4 weeks 4–9 days ? 11–21 days 7.5–9.0
Note: All by intramuscular injection. Footnotes: a = Microcrystalline or nanocrystalline aqueous suspension. b = Low-viscosity vegetable oil (specifically fractionated coconut oil with medium-chain triglycerides). c = Predicted, from PubChem and DrugBank. Sources: Main: See template.

Medical uses

Pipotiazine palmitate is used to treat schizophrenia.[15]


Pipotiazine palmitate is contraindicated in people with circulatory collapse (shock), altered states of consciousness, including drug intoxication, or other serious health conditions (liver disease, kidney disease, pheochromocytoma, severe cardiovascular disease, or blood dyscrasias). It is contraindicated in people with severe depression. Pipotiazine palmitate should not be used in people who have a history of allergic reactions to any component of the medicine or to chemically similar medicines (phenothiazines).[15]


Pipotiazine was available as a long-acting injectable formulation (pipotiazine palmitate). After deep intramuscular injection, pipotiazine palmitate reaches maximum plasma concentration in 7-14 days, has an elimination half-life of 15 days, and reaches steady-state levels after 2 months of usual dosing (given every 4 weeks).[16]


Patents:[17][18] Sino:[19]

The alkylation of 2-Dimethylaminosulfonylphenthiazine [1090-78-4] (1) with 1-Bromo-3-chloropropane (2) gives 10-(3-chloropropyl)-N,N-dimethylphenothiazine-2-sulfonamide [40051-12-5] (3). Alkylation with 4-Piperidineethanol [622-26-4] (4) completes the synthesis of Pipothiazine (5).


The long-acting injectable formulation of pipotiazine (pipotiazine palmitate) was withdrawn from all markets globally in March 2015 due to a shortage of the active ingredient.[20]


  1. ^ Anvisa (2023-03-31). "RDC Nº 784 - Listas de Substâncias Entorpecentes, Psicotrópicas, Precursoras e Outras sob Controle Especial" [Collegiate Board Resolution No. 784 - Lists of Narcotic, Psychotropic, Precursor, and Other Substances under Special Control] (in Brazilian Portuguese). Diário Oficial da União (published 2023-04-04). Archived from the original on 2023-08-03. Retrieved 2023-08-16.
  2. ^ Bechelli LP, Ruffino-Netto A, Hetem G (December 1983). "A double-blind controlled trial of pipotiazine, haloperidol and placebo in recently-hospitalized acute schizophrenic patients". Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 16 (4): 305–11. PMID 6143579.
  3. ^ International Drug Names
  4. ^ a b Dinesh M, David A, Quraishi SN (October 2004). "Depot pipotiazine palmitate and undecylenate for schizophrenia". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3 (4): CD001720. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001720.pub2. PMC 7025786. PMID 15495016.
  5. ^ Parent M, Toussaint C, Gilson H (1983). "Long-term treatment of chronic psychotics with bromperidol decanoate: clinical and pharmacokinetic evaluation". Current Therapeutic Research. 34 (1): 1–6.
  6. ^ a b Jørgensen A, Overø KF (1980). "Clopenthixol and flupenthixol depot preparations in outpatient schizophrenics. III. Serum levels". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum. 279: 41–54. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.1980.tb07082.x. PMID 6931472.
  7. ^ a b Reynolds JE (1993). "Anxiolytic sedatives, hypnotics and neuroleptics.". Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (30th ed.). London: Pharmaceutical Press. pp. 364–623.
  8. ^ Ereshefsky L, Saklad SR, Jann MW, Davis CM, Richards A, Seidel DR (May 1984). "Future of depot neuroleptic therapy: pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic approaches". The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 45 (5 Pt 2): 50–9. PMID 6143748.
  9. ^ a b Curry SH, Whelpton R, de Schepper PJ, Vranckx S, Schiff AA (April 1979). "Kinetics of fluphenazine after fluphenazine dihydrochloride, enanthate and decanoate administration to man". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 7 (4): 325–31. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.1979.tb00941.x. PMC 1429660. PMID 444352.
  10. ^ Young D, Ereshefsky L, Saklad SR, Jann MW, Garcia N (1984). Explaining the pharmacokinetics of fluphenazine through computer simulations. (Abstract.). 19th Annual Midyear Clinical Meeting of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. Dallas, Texas.
  11. ^ Janssen PA, Niemegeers CJ, Schellekens KH, Lenaerts FM, Verbruggen FJ, van Nueten JM, Marsboom RH, Hérin VV, Schaper WK (November 1970). "The pharmacology of fluspirilene (R 6218), a potent, long-acting and injectable neuroleptic drug". Arzneimittel-Forschung. 20 (11): 1689–98. PMID 4992598.
  12. ^ Beresford R, Ward A (January 1987). "Haloperidol decanoate. A preliminary review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic use in psychosis". Drugs. 33 (1): 31–49. doi:10.2165/00003495-198733010-00002. PMID 3545764.
  13. ^ Reyntigens AJ, Heykants JJ, Woestenborghs RJ, Gelders YG, Aerts TJ (1982). "Pharmacokinetics of haloperidol decanoate. A 2-year follow-up". International Pharmacopsychiatry. 17 (4): 238–46. doi:10.1159/000468580. PMID 7185768.
  14. ^ Larsson M, Axelsson R, Forsman A (1984). "On the pharmacokinetics of perphenazine: a clinical study of perphenazine enanthate and decanoate". Current Therapeutic Research. 36 (6): 1071–88.
  15. ^ a b "Piportil® L4 (pipotiazine palmitate)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-12-02. Retrieved 11 December 2023.
  16. ^ White J (July 2022). "Guidance on the Administration to Adults of Oil-based Depot and other Long-acting Intramuscular Antipsychotic Injections 7th Edition" (PDF). www.reach4resource.co.uk. Retrieved 11 December 2023.
  17. ^ , FR 7835M  (1970).
  18. ^ ZA6801990 idem Jean-Claude Rene Georg Blondel, 2 More », U.S. patent 3,875,156 (1975 to Rhone Poulenc Sa).
  19. ^ Schussen, & Li Haixia, et al. CN 106568857  (2019 to YUEYANG XINHUADA PHARMACEUTICAL CO Ltd).
  20. ^ Haddad P, Taylor M, Patel MX, Taylor D (June 2015). "Guidance on switching away from Piportil Depot® (pipotiazine palmitate) injection". The British Journal of Psychiatry. 206 (6): 521. doi:10.1192/bjp.206.6.521. PMID 26034183.