Bidor
Jalan Dewan Orang Ramai, Bidor 1.jpg
Bidor is located in Peninsular Malaysia
Bidor
Bidor
Bidor is located in Perak
Bidor
Bidor
Coordinates: 4°07′N 101°17′E / 4.117°N 101.283°E / 4.117; 101.283Coordinates: 4°07′N 101°17′E / 4.117°N 101.283°E / 4.117; 101.283
CountryMalaysia
StatePerak
Population
 (1991)
 • Total25,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+8 (MST)

Bidor (Chinese: 美羅) is a town and mukim in Batang Padang District, southern Perak, Malaysia.[1]

Geography

Bidor is located 59 km southeast from state capital Ipoh and 116 km northwest of Kuala Lumpur.

It is south of Tapah, north of Sungkai, east of Changkat Jong and Teluk Intan, and west of the Titiwangsa Mountains.

History

An 8th–9th century bronze standing 8-armed Buddhist Avalokitesvara statue found at Anglo Oriental, Bidor, Perak tin mine in year 1936. 79 cm height.
An 8th–9th century bronze standing 8-armed Buddhist Avalokitesvara statue found at Anglo Oriental, Bidor, Perak tin mine in year 1936. 79 cm height.

Bidor and much of Perak were believed to be part of the Gangga Negara kingdom based on the historical artifacts that were discovered. It is believed that the area accepted Hindu-Buddhism around 900 years ago. The pioneer of the town was believed to be Syeikh Abdul Ghani who also became the village headman after the founding of the settlements.

Bidor was believed to have began as a small village by the bank of Bidor River in the late 18th century. Local villagers transported goods using their sampans (boats) to neighbouring villages along the river towards Teluk Intan in Hilir Perak district.

Following the tin-mining boom in Perak, there was an influx of Chinese immigrants to Perak as a whole, including Bidor. The Hoklo (Hokkien-speaking) Chinese was believed to have originated from Teluk Intan. The influx of the Hakka and Cantonese came from Kinta Valley and Hulu Selangor. They came to Batang Padang to flee the local civil wars and Chinese triad wars.

World War II

Bidor was closely connected to the Battle of Kampar[2] during the Japanese advancement southwards towards Kuala Lumpur. On 29 December 1941, 501 Battery withdrew to Bidor fleeing Kampar. The column was again dive-bombed and machine-gunned just south of Dipang. Five men were wounded. The last entry in the 137 Regt War Diary was for 31 December 1941, Lt Hartley's 30th birthday, when his battery and the other two of 137 Regt were all in the Bikam-Sungkai area.[3]

In 1943, MPAJA's MPAJA 1st Patrol under the 5th Regiment was assigned to protect Col. John Davis who represent the Supreme Allied Commander, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, who had just established the Head Office (HO) of Force 136[4] at Blantan Hill, some seven miles north-east of Bidor township. 1st Patrol was commanded by Huang Song (黃松) and his deputy Cai Dadi (蔡大地).

Communist Insurgency

Members of the Senoi Praaq in 1953
Members of the Senoi Praaq in 1953

Captain D.G. Lock[5] was killed while bathing near Bidor on 2 October 1948 (att. K.O.Y.L.I.). Captain A.R. Pickin was killed in action at Bidor on 18 July 1948. Both of them were buried at Batu Gajah Christian Cemetery. GHQ 26th Gurkha Infantry Brigade[6] and the Royal Artillery's 95 Independent Field Battery (comprising "Charlie Troop" "Dog Troop" and "Command Troop") was stationed in Bidor in the 1950s to quell communist insurgency. After Malaya gained independence, Bidor was under the command of the local Royal Malaysian Police 3rd Battalion General Operations Forces (formally known as Police Field Force) who was stationed locally. This unit is famous with its elite Senoi Praaq unit; a special unit consists of Orang Asli (indigenous tribe) expert in tracking. The last 'black area' in Bidor, the Gepai Falls was finally opened to public in 1989 after a treaty was signed between Malaysian government and the Malayan Communist Party.

Economy

Bidor is a mainly industrial area. When one travels north of Bidor, one will see miles and miles of plantation on both side of the trunk road covered with lush greenery, guava, oil palm and rubber plantations.

An important source of income for the town, though, is (or used to be) from travellers who stop by the town for its well-known local delicacies and agricultural products.

Before the advent of North–South Expressway, travellers had no choice but to pass through this town through the federal trunk road. As this town is (still is) rather famous for its variety of food, travellers frequently choose to stop-by at one of the eateries before continuing their journey.

Kaolinite (kaolin), a type of clay was widely exploited in Bidor[7]

Food

The most famous food undoubtedly will be the duck-thigh-noodle available at one of the eatery that is the famous Pun Chun. The restaurant is located on the main street. Pun Chun is also famous for its 'Sat Kai Ma' (Chinese: 萨奇马) – a type of sweet dessert and also 'Kai Jai Peng' (Chinese:鸡仔饼) which is the chicken biscuit.

At the morning wet market, there is a whole row of stalls, serving breakfast. One of the noodle-type food, chee cheong fun is pretty unusual. The wet market is also famous for wanton mee[8] and fresh roast pork.

Bidor is also famous for its seedless guava and its durian. Stink beans Parkia speciosa or Petai is also sold at a reasonable price at new place of all trader sell directly to customer only 2 kilometres from Bidor town.

The most famous food attraction in Bidor is a coffee shop run by Ah Pu. One must not miss his Kopi Kau Special ... which has a distinctive whiskey after taste.

Restaurant Kari Kepala Ikan Noordin Bidor which is located not far from Ah Pu Coffee Shop is famous for their Nasi Kandar which cooked without Coconut Milk and only Natural Seasoning is used. When eating here, one must remember to use their hands to leave the fragrant curry aroma in their fingers, which can be used as an olfactory appetizer for the next few days.

Approximately 12 km from Bidor town towards Teluk Intan, there's a new village where majority of its residence are Hakka Chinese, called "Kampung Coldstream". The homemade "pan mee" sold in Kedai Kopi Kean Leong(located on the left side of the main road, grey building) is a must try. It is ideal for early goers as the shops operates as early as 6.30am to 11a.m. As for night goers, there's an old lady selling fried noodles on a bicycle just by the roadside during dinner time. Both being widely popular among locals and outsiders.

Attractions

Gepai Waterfalls is noteworthy for those who prefer swimming, picnicking or photography. Gepai Waterfalls is also known as Lubuk Degong by the locals. It used to be a black area during the communist insurgency but was later opened to public in 1989 after the Communist Party of Malaya signed a peace treaty with the Malaysian government.

It was rumoured that the largest Botanical Gardens[9] will be pioneered in Bidor. The plan was suggested by Sultan Nazrin Shah and were strongly endorsed by the then Perak Chief Minister Dato Seri Tajol Rosl. However, the plan was put on hold when the Orang Asli (aborigines) opposed the plan. The plan was totally called off after the Perak state administration fell to Pakatan Rakyat as soon after the March 2008 general elections. The Orang Asli, who have got solid support from the new government agree to call off the plan totally.

Neighbourhood Gardens

Schools

Infrastructure

3rd Battalion General Operations Forces Senoi Praaq, the home of one of Royal Malaysian Police (RMP) most elite forces was stationed on Jalan Tapah in Bidor.

Transportation

Approaching a Bidor Interchange.
Approaching a Bidor Interchange.

Car

By road, Bidor is 68 km from Ipoh and 138 km from Kuala Lumpur, using the Federal Route 1. The federal highway passes through Bidor town.

North–South Expressway Northern Route, EXIT 130 serves the city.[10]

Public transportation

KTM Intercity narrowly misses Bidor town. The nearest railway stations are Tapah Road and Sungkai stations.

References

  1. ^ "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). Malaysian National Committee on Geographical Names. 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2021. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  2. ^ "allmalaysia.info".
  3. ^ "Slim River".
  4. ^ http://www.asiawind.com/forums/read.php?f=1&i=10174&t=10174
  5. ^ "Malaya".
  6. ^ "Security Check Required". Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-09-11.
  7. ^ "About Malaysia - Malaysian Geology - Natural Environment". www.mymalaysia.net.my. Archived from the original on 2006-07-01.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-09-11.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2006-09-11.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Administrator. "PLUS MALAYSIA BERHAD - Toll Abbreviation". www.plus.com.my. Archived from the original on 2018-12-09. Retrieved 2018-11-23.