Theatrical release poster using the poster title Black Frankenstein
Directed byWilliam A. Levey
Written byFrank R. Saletri
Produced byFrank R. Saletri
StarringJohn Hart
Ivory Stone
Andrea King
Roosevelt Jackson
Joe De Sue
Nick Bolin
Liz Renay
CinematographyRobert Caramico
Edited byWilliam A. Levey
Music byCardella Di Milo
Lou Frohman
Walco Productions
Frisco Productions Limited
Distributed byPrestige Pictures
Release date
August 3, 1973 (1973-08-03)[1]
Running time
78 minutes
87 minutes (video release)
CountryUnited States
Budget$80,000[citation needed]
Box office$2 million[citation needed]

Blackenstein, also known as Black Frankenstein on its theatrical release poster and whose actual on-screen title is Blackenstein the Black Frankenstein, is a 1973[2][3] American blaxploitation horror film directed by William A. Levey, and starring John Hart, Ivory Stone, Andrea King, Roosevelt Jackson, Joe De Sue, Nick Bolin and Liz Renay. It is loosely based on Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Released on August 3, 1973, it was made in an attempt to cash in on the success of Blacula; released the previous year by American International Pictures. However, Blackenstein fared poorly in comparison to its predecessor, with most reviews agreeing that the film was "a totally inept mixture of the worst horror and blaxploitation films".[4]


Big and burly African American soldier Eddie Turner (Joe De Sue) stepped on a land mine while serving in Vietnam and lost both arms and both legs. His physicist fiancé Doctor Winifred Walker (Ivory Stone) thinks she has found help for him in her white former teacher and colleague Doctor Stein (John Hart) who has recently won a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for "solving the DNA genetic code".

In a tour of Doctor Stein's castle-like Los Angeles home, Winifred is introduced to his other patients: the 90-year-old Eleanor who looks to be only 50 (Andrea King) thanks to Stein's treatments, and the bald Bruno (Nick Bolan) whose lower legs have been successfully re-attached via "laser beam fusion" and Stein's "DNA solution". Winifred is startled when she sees one of Bruno's legs is tiger-striped, which Doctor Stein attributes to "an unknown RNA problem" which he hopes to correct during the course of treatment. His sinister black assistant Malcomb (Roosevelt Jackson) seems overly interested in her reaction to this sight and in her in general. Meanwhile, the stoically suffering Eddie is being verbally abused by an obnoxious white orderly (Bob Brophy) at the local Veteran's Hospital. When Doctors Stein and Walker arrive to ask if he would be interested in submitting to experimental limb transplant surgery that could correct his condition, he immediately consents.

Doctor Stein gives Eddie new replacement arms using his DNA solution, and Eddie seems to be recovering well until Malcomb confesses his attraction to Winifred. Winifed tries to let him down gently, explaining that she intends to marry Eddie as soon as the surgeries are complete, and Malcomb seems to accept her statement, but he later vindictively sabotages the DNA solution used during Eddie's leg surgeries with the contaminated RNA, causing the former soldier to start to devolve into a primitive brutish state with hairy hands and a Neanderthal-like brow ridge. As his condition worsens and he loses the mental capacity for speech and rational thought, the stony-faced Eddie becomes a slow, shambling monster resembling an African American version of the iconic Boris Karloff Frankenstein Monster with a squarish Afro instead of the usual scars and neck bolts. Although he lies in a near-catatonic state by day, compelled by horrible cannibalistic urges the black suit and turtleneck-clad Eddie secretly leaves the house late each night in search of victims who he dismembers, disembowels and devours zombie-style, always returning in time each morning for his ongoing schedule of DNA injections with his doctors none the wiser.

Two police detectives visit Doctor Stein as the body count starts to rise (their suspicions aroused due to the fact that all the killings took place in the surrounding vicinity and that the abusive hospital orderly was the vengeful Eddie's first victim), but Stein is ignorant of the fact that there is now a murderous monster living in his basement laboratory. Winifred, however, has become suspicious of Malcomb and spends her time in the lab, examining the various solutions used during Eddie's surgery. One night, returning from his usual senseless rampage, Eddie hears screaming coming from Winifred's room. He enters to find Malcomb at her bedside and interrupts the attempted rape. Malcomb grabs a gun and empties it into the unaffected Eddie as Winifred flees. Eddie strangles Malcomb and then goes on to kill Bruno and Eleanor, the latter aging rapidly as she dies. Doctor Stein meets Winifred on the stairs, where she tells him Eddie is the monster. Together they down run to the lab.

Winifred busies herself preparing an injection of the DNA solution that she hopes will cure Eddie. When Eddie draws near, he seems moved by her terror and backs away, perhaps dimly remembering that she is his fiancé. Doctor Stein, however, attacks him from behind, provoking a violent response. After a brief tussle with his creator that ends with Stein being fatally knocked into the high voltage electrical equipment, Eddie leaves the house. The police arrive too late to stop Eddie, but discover Doctor Stein's dead body and console Winifred.

Eddie finds a brunette attempting to start a Jeep and spends several long minutes chasing her around an empty industrial warehouse. The police call in the Los Angeles County Canine Corps, and the Doberman Pinschers surround Eddie, knock him to the ground and, with a fittingly macabre irony, viciously tear the monster to pieces in the same way he killed his victims.[5]



According to director William A. Levey, non-actor Joe De Sue was cast in the title role because he was a client of criminal lawyer turned writer/producer Frank R. Saletri,[6][citation needed] as was celebrity cult icon Liz Renay. Saletri also wrote, produced and directed the never-released blaxploitation horror film Black the Ripper[7] and wrote the screenplays for two unmade Sherlock Holmes films, Sherlock Holmes in the Adventures of the Werewolf of the Baskervilles and Sherlock Holmes in the Adventures of the Golden Vampire, the latter of which was to star Alice Cooper as Dracula.[8] In 1982 Saletri was found murdered "gangland style" in his home, a mansion formerly owned by Bela Lugosi.[9][10]

Other appearances

Home video release

Blackenstein was first released on video in the late '70s by Media Home Entertainment[14] and again on VHS and DVD by Xenon Pictures in 2003. Severin Films released it on Blu-ray on May 30, 2017; fully restored, it features two versions of the film: the theatrical release, which runs for 78 minutes, and the home video release that lasts 87 minutes.[15] Extras include the original theatrical trailer, as well as numerous interviews.

See also


  1. ^ Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor By Elizabeth Young
  2. ^ A Companion to the Horror Film
  3. ^ Blaxploitation Films of the 1970s: Blackness and Genre
  4. ^ Michael Weldon, The Psychotronic Encyclopedia of Film, Ballantine Books, 1983
  5. ^ John Kenneth Muir, Horror Films of the 1970s, McFarland & Company, Ltd., 2007
  6. ^ "Blackenstein (1973) - IMDb". IMDb.
  7. ^ Freitag-Fey, Paul (1 April 2013). "Black the Ripper (1975?)". Daily Grindhouse. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
  8. ^ Scott Stine, TRASHFIEND: Disposable Horror Culture of the 1960s & 1970s, Headpress, 2009
  9. ^ McDonagh, Maitland (22 July 2004). "Question: I've read about a ..." Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
  10. ^ Kudler, Adrian Glick (31 October 2013). "Blackenstein Murder House Flipped to Market in the Hills". Curbed. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
  11. ^ "SNL Transcripts: Jesse Eisenberg: 01/29/11: TCM: The Essentials - SNL Transcripts Tonight".
  12. ^ "Jigureul jikyeora! (2003) - Connections". IMDb. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
  13. ^ Young, Elizabeth (2008). Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor. NYU Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-9715-0.
  14. ^ "Video Invasion: Media". HorrorHound. HorrorHound Ltd (22). March–April 2010.
  15. ^